What does shimpan mean?

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  1. shimpannoun

    the four judges, sitting at each cardinal point


  1. Shimpan

    Shimpan are the judges of a professional sumo bout. In a sumo honbasho tournament five shimpan sit around the ring to observe which wrestler wins the matchup. When judging tournament bouts they wear formal Japanese dress of otokomono, haori with mon, and hakama. At the end of each bout an initial decision is given by the gyōji, which is usually correct and no action is taken by the shimpan. If one of the shimpan disagrees or is unsure about the decision then he raises his hand and the five of them climb into the ring, or dohyō to hold a mono-ii. A mono-ii can in principle also be called by any of the four sumo wrestlers awaiting their bout around the ring, although it is an extremely rare occurrence. During the mono-ii the five shimpan give their views on what happened. The gyōji is usually able to listen in but is not expected to take part unless invited to do so. For top division matches, the deliberations are further advised by two further shimpan in a video room, in communication with the chief shimpan via an audio link in his ear. The use of video was brought in at a result of a famous bout in March 1969 in which the yokozuna Taihō was adjudged to have lost the bout despite subsequent replays and photographs indicating otherwise. The referee had originally the match to Taihō, but the judges reversed his decision. The loss of this bout broke an extremely unusual 45 bout winning streak by the yokozuna and consequently the decision received much adverse publicity. One of the two shimpan in the video booth must now also be one the three most senior judges. This rule was brought in as a result of judging controversies in the 1990s.

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of shimpan in Chaldean Numerology is: 9

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of shimpan in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8

Images & Illustrations of shimpan

  1. shimpan


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    move deeply
    • A. disturb
    • B. deny
    • C. conceal
    • D. obligate

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