What does saponification mean?

Definitions for saponification

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word saponification.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. saponificationnoun

    a chemical reaction in which an ester is heated with an alkali (especially the alkaline hydrolysis of a fat or oil to make soap)


  1. saponificationnoun

    The hydrolysis of an ester under basic conditions to form an alcohol and the salt of the acid.

  2. saponificationnoun

    The reaction of a metallic alkali (base) with a fat or oil to form soap.


  1. Saponification

    Saponification is a process of converting esters into soaps and alcohols by the action of aqueous alkali (for example, aqueous sodium hydroxide solutions). Soaps are salts of fatty acids, which in turn are carboxylic acids with long carbon chains. Sodium stearate is a typical soap.


  1. saponification

    Saponification is a chemical reaction that involves the conversion of a fat or oil (triglycerides) into soap and alcohol. This typically occurs under basic conditions, often with the use of lye (sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide) which acts as a catalyst. The term is derived from the Latin word "sapo," which means soap. Saponification is commonly used in soap making and biodiesel production.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Saponificationnoun

    the act, process, or result, of soap making; conversion into soap; specifically (Chem.), the decomposition of fats and other ethereal salts by alkalies; as, the saponification of ethyl acetate

  2. Etymology: [Cf. F. saponification. See Saponify.]


  1. Saponification

    Saponification is a process that produces soap, usually from fats and lye. In technical terms, saponification involves base hydrolysis of triglycerides, which are esters of fatty acids, to form the sodium salt of a carboxylate. In addition to soap, such traditional saponification processes produce glycerol. "Saponifiable substances" are those that can be converted into soap.

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of saponification in Chaldean Numerology is: 1

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of saponification in Pythagorean Numerology is: 7

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"saponification." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 2 Dec. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/saponification>.

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