What does ruff mean?

Definitions for ruffrʌf

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word ruff.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. frill, ruff(noun)

    an external body part consisting of feathers or hair about the neck of a bird or other animal

  2. choker, ruff, ruffle, neck ruff(noun)

    a high tight collar

  3. ruff, Philomachus pugnax(noun)

    common Eurasian sandpiper; the male has an erectile neck ruff in breeding season

  4. ruff, trumping(verb)

    (card games) the act of taking a trick with a trump when unable to follow suit

  5. trump, ruff(verb)

    play a trump


  1. Ruff(v. t.)

    (Card Playing) To play a trump card at bridge; as, he ruffed his partner's ace.


  1. ruff(Noun)

    A card game similar to whist, and the predecessor of it ruff and honours.

  2. ruff(Verb)

    To play a trump card to a trick, other than when trumps were led

  3. ruff(Interjection)

    The bark of a dog; woof.

  4. Origin: A shortening of ruffle

Webster Dictionary

  1. Ruff(noun)

    a game similar to whist, and the predecessor of it

  2. Ruff(noun)

    the act of trumping, especially when one has no card of the suit led

  3. Ruff

    to trump

  4. Ruff(noun)

    a muslin or linen collar plaited, crimped, or fluted, worn formerly by both sexes, now only by women and children

  5. Ruff(noun)

    something formed with plaits or flutings, like the collar of this name

  6. Ruff(noun)

    an exhibition of pride or haughtiness

  7. Ruff(noun)

    wanton or tumultuous procedure or conduct

  8. Ruff(noun)

    a low, vibrating beat of a drum, not so loud as a roll; a ruffle

  9. Ruff(noun)

    a collar on a shaft ot other piece to prevent endwise motion. See Illust. of Collar

  10. Ruff(noun)

    a set of lengthened or otherwise modified feathers round, or on, the neck of a bird

  11. Ruff(noun)

    a limicoline bird of Europe and Asia (Pavoncella, / Philommachus, pugnax) allied to the sandpipers. The males during the breeding season have a large ruff of erectile feathers, variable in their colors, on the neck, and yellowish naked tubercles on the face. They are polygamous, and are noted for their pugnacity in the breeding season. The female is called reeve, or rheeve

  12. Ruff(noun)

    a variety of the domestic pigeon, having a ruff of its neck

  13. Ruff(verb)

    to ruffle; to disorder

  14. Ruff(verb)

    to beat with the ruff or ruffle, as a drum

  15. Ruff(verb)

    to hit, as the prey, without fixing it

  16. Ruff(noun)

    alt. of Ruffe

  17. Origin: [Of uncertain origin: cf. Icel. rfinn rough, uncombed, Pr. ruf rude, rough, Sp. rufo frizzed, crisp, curled, G. raufen to pluck, fight, rupfen to pluck, pull, E. rough. 18. Cf. Ruffle to wrinkle.]


  1. Ruff

    The Ruff is a medium-sized wading bird that breeds in marshes and wet meadows across northern Eurasia. This highly gregarious sandpiper is migratory and sometimes forms huge flocks in its winter grounds, which include southern and western Europe, Africa, southern Asia and Australia. It is usually considered to be the only member of its genus, and the Broad-billed and Sharp-tailed Sandpipers are its closest relatives. The Ruff is a long-necked, pot-bellied bird. This species shows marked sexual dimorphism; the male is much larger than the female, and has a breeding plumage that includes brightly coloured head tufts, bare orange facial skin, extensive black on the breast, and the large collar of ornamental feathers that inspired this bird's English name. The female and the non-breeding male have grey-brown upperparts and mainly white underparts. Three differently plumaged types of male, including a rare form that mimics the female, use a variety of strategies to obtain mating opportunities at a lek, and the colourful head and neck feathers are erected as part of the elaborate main courting display. The female has one brood per year and lays four eggs in a well-hidden ground nest, incubating the eggs and rearing the chicks, which are mobile soon after hatching, on her own. Predators of wader chicks and eggs include mammals such as foxes, feral cats and stoats, and birds such as large gulls, corvids and skuas.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Ruff

    ruf, n. an ornament of frills formerly worn round the neck: anything plaited: a bird belonging to the sandpiper sub-family of the Snipe family, the male with an erectile ruff during the breeding season—fem. Reeve: a band of long hair growing round the neck of some dogs: (mach.) an annular ridge formed on a shaft to prevent motion endwise: a breed of domestic pigeons: (obs.) a display.—v.t. to pucker: to draw up in folds: to ruffle, disorder: in falconry, to hit without trussing: (Scot.) to applaud by making noise with hands or feet.—adj. Ruffed, having a ruff, as the ruffed grouse. [Prob. ruffle.]

  2. Ruff

    ruf, n. an old game at cards: the act of trumping when the player has no cards of the suit left.—v.t. to trump in this way. [Perh. conn. with It. ronfa, a card-game.]

  3. Ruff

    ruf, n. ruggedness.—v.t. to heckle flax on a coarse heckle: to nap hats.—n. Ruff′er, a coarse heckle for flax.—adj. Ruff′y-tuff′y, disordered, rough.—adv. helter-skelter, pell-mell.

  4. Ruff

    ruf, n. a low vibrating beat of a drum.

  5. Ruff

    ruf, n. a small fresh-water fish of the Perch family, abundant in England, about six inches long, with only one dorsal fin.—Also Pope.

Suggested Resources

  1. RUFF

    What does RUFF stand for? -- Explore the various meanings for the RUFF acronym on the Abbreviations.com website.


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of ruff in Chaldean Numerology is: 6

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of ruff in Pythagorean Numerology is: 6

Images & Illustrations of ruff

  1. ruffruffruff

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