What does rna polymerase mean?

Definitions for rna polymerase
rna poly·merase

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word rna polymerase.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. transcriptase, RNA polymerasenoun

    the enzyme that copies DNA into RNA


  1. RNA polymerase

    In molecular biology, RNA polymerase (abbreviated RNAP or RNApol), or more specifically DNA-directed/dependent RNA polymerase (DdRP), is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reactions that synthesize RNA from a DNA template. Using the enzyme helicase, RNAP locally opens the double-stranded DNA so that one strand of the exposed nucleotides can be used as a template for the synthesis of RNA, a process called transcription. A transcription factor and its associated transcription mediator complex must be attached to a DNA binding site called a promoter region before RNAP can initiate the DNA unwinding at that position. RNAP not only initiates RNA transcription, it also guides the nucleotides into position, facilitates attachment and elongation, has intrinsic proofreading and replacement capabilities, and termination recognition capability. In eukaryotes, RNAP can build chains as long as 2.4 million nucleotides. RNAP produces RNA that, functionally, is either for protein coding, i.e. messenger RNA (mRNA); or non-coding (so-called "RNA genes"). At least four functional types of RNA genes exist: Transfer RNA (tRNA) Transfers specific amino acids to growing polypeptide chains at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation; Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) Incorporates into ribosomes; Micro RNA (miRNA) Regulates gene activity; and, RNA silencing Catalytic RNA (ribozyme) Functions as an enzymatically active RNA molecule.RNA polymerase is essential to life, and is found in all living organisms and many viruses. Depending on the organism, a RNA polymerase can be a protein complex (multi-subunit RNAP) or only consist of one subunit (single-subunit RNAP, ssRNAP), each representing an independent lineage. The former is found in bacteria, archaea, and eukaryotes alike, sharing a similar core structure and mechanism. The latter is found in phages as well as eukaryotic chloroplasts and mitochondria, and is related to modern DNA polymerases. Eukaryotic and archaeal RNAPs have more subunits than bacterial ones do, and are controlled differently. Bacteria and archaea only have one RNA polymerase. Eukaryotes have multiple types of nuclear RNAP, each responsible for synthesis of a distinct subset of RNA:


  1. rna polymerase

    RNA polymerase is an enzyme that is involved in the process of transcription, where it catalyzes the synthesis of RNA from a DNA template. It unwinds the DNA and builds a strand of RNA by placing RNA nucleotides in the order specified by the DNA. This process allows for the transfer of genetic information from DNA to RNA, which eventually would be used in protein synthesis.


  1. RNA polymerase

    RNA polymerase, also known as DNA-dependent RNA polymerase, is an enzyme that produces RNA. In cells, RNAP is necessary for constructing RNA chains using DNA genes as templates, a process called transcription. RNA polymerase enzymes are essential to life and are found in all organisms and many viruses. In chemical terms, RNAP is a nucleotidyl transferase that polymerizes ribonucleotides at the 3' end of an RNA transcript.

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of rna polymerase in Chaldean Numerology is: 2

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of rna polymerase in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9

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"rna polymerase." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 25 Sep. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/rna+polymerase>.

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