What does reserve army of labour mean?

Definitions for reserve army of labour
re·serve army of labour

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word reserve army of labour.


  1. Reserve army of labour

    Reserve army of labour is a concept in Karl Marx's critique of political economy. It refers to the unemployed and under-employed in capitalist society. It is synonymous with "industrial reserve army" or "relative surplus population", except that the unemployed can be defined as those actually looking for work and that the relative surplus population also includes people unable to work. The use of the word "army" refers to the workers being conscripted and regimented in the workplace in a hierarchy, under the command or authority of the owners of capital. Marx did not invent the term "reserve army of labour". It was already being used by Friedrich Engels in his 1845 book The Condition of the Working Class in England. What Marx did was to theorize the reserve army of labour as a necessary part of the capitalist organization of work. Prior to what Marx regarded as the start of the capitalist era in human history, structural unemployment on a mass scale rarely existed, other than that caused by natural disasters and wars. In ancient societies, all people who could work necessarily had to work, otherwise they would starve; a slave or a serf by definition could not become "unemployed". There was normally very little possibility of "earning a crust" without working at all, and the usual attitude toward beggars and idlers was harsh. Children began to work already at a very early age.

How to pronounce reserve army of labour?

  1. Alex
    US English

How to say reserve army of labour in sign language?

  1. reservearmyoflabour


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of reserve army of labour in Chaldean Numerology is: 9

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of reserve army of labour in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5

Images & Illustrations of reserve army of labour

  1. reserve army of labourreserve army of labourreserve army of labourreserve army of labourreserve army of labour

Translations for reserve army of labour

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"reserve army of labour." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2019. Web. 20 Jul 2019. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/reserve+army+of+labour>.

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