What does reference mean?

Definitions for reference
ˈrɛf ər əns, ˈrɛf rənsref·er·ence

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word reference.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. mention, referencenoun

    a remark that calls attention to something or someone

    "she made frequent mention of her promotion"; "there was no mention of it"; "the speaker made several references to his wife"

  2. citation, cite, acknowledgment, credit, reference, mention, quotationnoun

    a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage

    "the student's essay failed to list several important citations"; "the acknowledgments are usually printed at the front of a book"; "the article includes mention of similar clinical cases"

  3. reference point, point of reference, referencenoun

    an indicator that orients you generally

    "it is used as a reference for comparing the heating and the electrical energy involved"

  4. reference book, reference, reference work, book of factsnoun

    a book to which you can refer for authoritative facts

    "he contributed articles to the basic reference work on that topic"

  5. character, reference, character referencenoun

    a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability

    "requests for character references are all too often answered evasively"

  6. reference, denotation, extensionnoun

    the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the class of objects that an expression refers to

    "the extension of `satellite of Mars' is the set containing only Demos and Phobos"

  7. reference, consultationnoun

    the act of referring or consulting

    "reference to an encyclopedia produced the answer"

  8. reference, sourcenoun

    a publication (or a passage from a publication) that is referred to

    "he carried an armful of references back to his desk"; "he spent hours looking for the source of that quotation"

  9. address, computer address, referencenoun

    (computer science) the code that identifies where a piece of information is stored

  10. referenceverb

    the relation between a word or phrase and the object or idea it refers to

    "he argued that reference is a consequence of conditioned reflexes"

  11. reference, citeverb

    refer to

    "he referenced his colleagues' work"

Wiktionary

  1. referencenoun

    A relationship or relation (to something).

  2. referencenoun

    A measurement one can compare to.

  3. referencenoun

    Information about a person, provided by someone (a referee) with whom they are well acquainted

  4. referencenoun

    A reference work.

  5. referencenoun

    A relation between objects in which one object designates, or acts as a means by which to connect to or link to, another object.

  6. referencenoun

    A short written identification of a previously published work which is used as a source for a text.

  7. referencenoun

    A previously published written work thus indicated; a source.

  8. referencenoun

    An object containing information which refers to data stored elsewhere, as opposed to containing the data itself.

  9. referenceverb

    to refer to, to make reference to, to cite

    Reference the dictionary for word meanings.

  10. referenceverb

    to mention

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Referencenoun

    Etymology: from refer.

    The knowledge of that which man is in reference unto himself and other things in relation unto man, I may term the mother of all those principles, which are decrees in that law of nature, whereby human actions are framed. Richard Hooker.

    Jupiter was the son of Æther and Dies; so called, because the one had reference to his celestial conditions, the other discovered his natural virtues. Walter Raleigh, History of the World.

    Christian religion commands sobriety, temperance and moderation, in reference to our appetites and passions. John Tillotson.

    It passed in England without the least reference hither. Jonathan Swift.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Referencenoun

    the act of referring, or the state of being referred; as, reference to a chart for guidance

  2. Referencenoun

    that which refers to something; a specific direction of the attention; as, a reference in a text-book

  3. Referencenoun

    relation; regard; respect

  4. Referencenoun

    one who, or that which, is referred to

  5. Referencenoun

    one of whom inquires can be made as to the integrity, capacity, and the like, of another

  6. Referencenoun

    a work, or a passage in a work, to which one is referred

  7. Referencenoun

    the act of submitting a matter in dispute to the judgment of one or more persons for decision

  8. Referencenoun

    the process of sending any matter, for inquiry in a cause, to a master or other officer, in order that he may ascertain facts and report to the court

  9. Referencenoun

    appeal

  10. Etymology: [See Refer.]

Freebase

  1. Reference

    Reference is a relation between objects in which one object designates, or acts as a means by which to connect to or link to, another object. The first object in this relation is said to refer to the second object. The second object – the one to which the first object refers – is called the referent of the first object. The term reference is used in many spheres of human knowledge, adopting shades of meaning particular to the contexts in which it is used. References can take on many forms, including: a thought, a sensory perception that is audible, visual, olfactory, or tactile, emotional state, relationship with other, spacetime coordinate, symbolic or alpha-numeric, a physical object or an energy projection; but, other concrete and abstract contexts exist as methods of defining references within the scope of the various fields that require an origin, point of departure, or an original form. This includes methods that intentionally hide the reference from some observers, as in cryptography. The following sections give specific usages of reference in different subjects.

Editors Contribution

  1. reference

    A source for a specific form of data, facts, information, research or statistics.

    The reference for the media article is accurate, fair and just.


    Submitted by MaryC on March 20, 2020  

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'reference' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #1341

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'reference' in Written Corpus Frequency: #1692

  3. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'reference' in Nouns Frequency: #457

How to pronounce reference?

How to say reference in sign language?

Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of reference in Chaldean Numerology is: 4

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of reference in Pythagorean Numerology is: 7

Examples of reference in a Sentence

  1. Sean Harper:

    ... We believe that the totality of the evidence we've generated supports ABP 980 as highly similar to the reference product.

  2. Erin Renzas:

    We believe that credit bubbles and over-indebtedness will be a challenge over the next decade. (Credit Reference) Bureaus and regulation will be a big part of the solution.

  3. Laura Bush:

    You till be glad to know the President is practicing safe snacks. in reference to her husband's fainting spell caused by a pretzel

  4. Leslie Miklosy:

    Even when ignored or denied, truth is the ultimate reference point.

  5. Andrew Berry:

    We look forward to having Deshaun as our starting quarterback. We have done extensive investigative, legal and reference work over the past several months to provide us with the appropriate information needed to make an informed decision about pursuing him and moving forward with him as our quarterback.

Popularity rank by frequency of use

reference#1#666#10000

Translations for reference

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • إشارةArabic
  • odkazCzech
  • Quelle, Referenz, referenzierenGerman
  • πηγέςGreek
  • referencoEsperanto
  • referenciaSpanish
  • referents, soovitus, viitama, allikasEstonian
  • vertausarvo, viite, mainita, suositus, viitata, lähdeviittaus, referenssi, lähdeFinnish
  • référence, recommandationFrench
  • iomradhScottish Gaelic
  • referansHaitian Creole
  • riferimentoItalian
  • 参照する, 照会先, 照会, 言及する, 参考, 出典Japanese
  • ಉಲ್ಲೇಖKannada
  • 참조, 참고, 參照, 參考Korean
  • سه‌رچاوه‌Kurdish
  • referente, referentie, referentDutch
  • henvisningNorwegian
  • naaltsoos bitsʼą́ą́dóó ééhóziniiNavajo, Navaho
  • odnosić się doPolish
  • referenciar, mencionar, referênciaPortuguese
  • sursă de referință, referințăRomanian
  • Справка, референция, ссылаться, рекомендация, образец, источник, характеристика, ссылка, отношение, отсылка, упоминать, поручительствоRussian
  • källa, källhänvisningSwedish
  • குறிப்புTamil
  • referans, kaynakTurkish
  • довідкаUkrainian
  • ریفرنسUrdu
  • tài liệu tham khảoVietnamese

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    be present or associated with an event or entity
    • A. accompany
    • B. distinguish
    • C. embark
    • D. deny

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