An unscientific field of study which later becomes a science (e.g. astrology becoming astronomy and alchemy becoming chemistry).
A field of study at the initial phase of the scientific method, involving information gathering and hypothesis formulation, but is not yet falsifiable, or if it is, its predictions have not yet been observed.
In the philosophy of science, a protoscience is a new science trying to establish its legitimacy. Protoscience is distinguished from pseudoscience by its standard practices of good science, such as a willingness to be disproven by new evidence, or to be replaced by a more predictive theory. Compare fringe science, which is considered highly speculative or even strongly refuted. Some protosciences go on to become an accepted part of mainstream science. All sciences would have qualified as protosciences before the Age of Enlightenment, as the scientific method had not been developed and the very notion of "science" was not clear. Standard examples are chemistry, which was separated from alchemy in the 18th century, and astronomy which from the 17th century onwards was separated from astrology.
The numerical value of protoscience in Chaldean Numerology is: 8
The numerical value of protoscience in Pythagorean Numerology is: 7
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"protoscience." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2018. Web. 13 Nov. 2018. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/protoscience>.