What does presume mean?

Definitions for presume
prɪˈzumpre·sume

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word presume.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. assume, presume, take for grantedverb

    take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof

    "I assume his train was late"

  2. make bold, dare, presumeverb

    take upon oneself; act presumptuously, without permission

    "How dare you call my lawyer?"

  3. presumeverb

    constitute reasonable evidence for

    "A restaurant bill presumes the consumption of food"

  4. presumeverb

    take liberties or act with too much confidence

Wiktionary

  1. presumeverb

    To perform, do (something) without authority; to lay claim to without permission.

    Don't make the decision yourself and presume too much.

  2. presumeverb

    With infinitive object: to be so presumptuous as (to do something) without proper authority or permission.

    I wouldn't presume to tell him how to do his job.

  3. presumeverb

    To assume to be true (without proof); to take for granted, to suppose.

  4. presumeverb

    To be presumptuous; with on, upon, to take advantage (of), to take liberties (with).

  5. Etymology: From presumer, presumer, and their source, praesumere, from prae- + sumere.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. To PRESUMEverb

    Etymology: p esumer, Fr. præsumo, Lat.

    O much deceiv’d, much failing, hapless Eve!
    Of thy presum’d return! event perverse! John Milton.

    Experience supplants the use of conjecture in the point; we do not only presume it may be so, but actually find it is so. Government of the Tongue.

    Although in the relation of Moses there be very few persons mentioned, yet are there many more to be presumed. Brown.

    I presume,
    That as my hand has open’d bounty to you,
    My heart dropp’d love; my pow’r rain’d honour more
    On you, than any. William Shakespeare, Henry VIII.

    There was a matter we were no less desirous to know, than fearful to ask, lest we might presume too far. Francis Bacon.

    I to the heav’nly vision thus presum’d. John Milton.

    The life of Ovid being already written in our language, I will not presume so far upon myself, to think I can add any thing to Mr. Sandys his undertaking. Dryden.

    This man presumes upon his parts, that they will not fail him at time of need, and so thinks it superfluous labour to make any provision beforehand. John Locke.

    In this we fail to perform the thing, which God seeth meet, convenient and good; in that we presume to see what is meet and convenient, better than God himself. Richard Hooker.

    God, to remove his ways from human sense,
    Plac’d heav’n from earth so far, that earthly sight,
    If it presume, might err in things too high,
    And no advantage gain. John Milton, Par. Lost, b. viii.

    He, that would not deceive himself, ought to build his hypothesis on matter of fact, and not presume on matter of fact, because of his hypothesis. John Locke.

    Luther presumes upon the gift of continency. Francis Atterbury.

    Presuming of his force, with sparkling eyes,
    Already he devours the promis’d prize. Dryden.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Presumeverb

    to assume or take beforehand; esp., to do or undertake without leave or authority previously obtained

  2. Presumeverb

    to take or suppose to be true, or entitled to belief, without examination or proof, or on the strength of probability; to take for granted; to infer; to suppose

  3. Presumeverb

    to suppose or assume something to be, or to be true, on grounds deemed valid, though not amounting to proof; to believe by anticipation; to infer; as, we may presume too far

  4. Presumeverb

    to venture, go, or act, by an assumption of leave or authority not granted; to go beyond what is warranted by the circumstances of the case; to venture beyond license; to take liberties; -- often with on or upon before the ground of confidence

  5. Etymology: [F. prsumer, L. praesumere, praesumptum; prae before + sumere to take. See Assume, Redeem.]

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Presume

    prē-zūm′, v.t. to take as true without examination or proof: to take for granted.—v.i. to venture beyond what one has ground for: to act forwardly or without proper right.—adj. Presūm′able, that may be presumed or supposed to be true.—adv. Presūm′ably.—adj. Presūm′ing, venturing without permission: unreasonably bold.—adv. Presūm′ingly.—n. Presump′tion, act of presuming: supposition: strong probability: that which is taken for granted: confidence grounded on something not proved: conduct going beyond proper bounds: (law) an assuming of the truth of certain facts from the existence of others having some connection with them.—adj. Presump′tive, presuming: grounded on probable evidence: (law) proving circumstantially.—adv. Presump′tively.—Presumptive evidence, evidence for a fact derived from other facts having some connection with it: indirect evidence.—Heir presumptive, the person, not son or daughter, at present next in succession to any living person. [Fr. présumer—L. præsumĕrepræ, before, sumĕre, to take—sub, under, emĕre, to buy.]

Suggested Resources

  1. presume

    Assume vs. Presume -- In this Grammar.com article you will learn the differences between Assume vs. Presume.

Matched Categories

British National Corpus

  1. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'presume' in Written Corpus Frequency: #3510

  2. Verbs Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'presume' in Verbs Frequency: #991

Anagrams for presume »

  1. supreme, Supreme

  2. Supreme

How to pronounce presume?

How to say presume in sign language?

Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of presume in Chaldean Numerology is: 6

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of presume in Pythagorean Numerology is: 7

Examples of presume in a Sentence

  1. Alexander Pope:

    Know then thyself, presume not God to scan,The proper study of Mankind is Man.

  2. Lakshheish M Patel:

    SENSEX is at 54165 at this moment, most traders think that it will go to 55000 but little presume it is on downward trend and may touch 54000

  3. Colin Shelley:

    I presume it went into receivership because the partners can't work together to put in money to revive it.

  4. Murphy Police:

    Both deaths occurred within hours of each other under circumstances that have led investigators to presume they were both self-inflicted, no motives have been identified and no evidence of foul play has so far been detected.

  5. Lidija McKnight:

    There are lessons to be learned about what ancient Egypt was like. From the mummies we can presume that Egypt might have been greener. For example, there would have been water sources that attracted large colonies of the sacred ibis -- one of the most mummified birds.

Popularity rank by frequency of use

presume#10000#22857#100000

Translations for presume

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    call in an official matter, such as to attend court
    • A. denudate
    • B. summon
    • C. rumpus
    • D. embellish

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