What does preposition mean?

Definitions for preposition
ˌprɛp əˈzɪʃ ənprepo·si·tion

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word preposition.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. prepositionnoun

    a function word that combines with a noun or pronoun or noun phrase to form a prepositional phrase that can have an adverbial or adjectival relation to some other word

  2. prepositionnoun

    (linguistics) the placing of one linguistic element before another (as placing a modifier before the word it modifies in a sentence or placing an affix before the base to which it is attached)

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Prepositionnoun

    In grammar, a particle governing a case.

    Etymology: præposition, Fr. præpositio, Lat.

    A preposition signifies some relation, which the thing signified by the word following it, has to something going before in the discourse; as, Cesar came to Rome. John Clarke, Lat. Gram.


  1. preposition

    Prepositions and postpositions, together called adpositions (or broadly, in traditional grammar, simply prepositions), are a class of words used to express spatial or temporal relations (in, under, towards, before) or mark various semantic roles (of, for).A preposition or postposition typically combines with a noun phrase, this being called its complement, or sometimes object. A preposition comes before its complement; a postposition comes after its complement. English generally has prepositions rather than postpositions – words such as in, under and of precede their objects, such as in England, under the table, of Jane – although there are a few exceptions including "ago" and "notwithstanding", as in "three days ago" and "financial limitations notwithstanding". Some languages that use a different word order have postpositions instead, or have both types. The phrase formed by a preposition or postposition together with its complement is called a prepositional phrase (or postpositional phrase, adpositional phrase, etc.) – such phrases usually play an adverbial role in a sentence. A less common type of adposition is the circumposition, which consists of two parts that appear on each side of the complement. Other terms sometimes used for particular types of adposition include ambiposition, inposition and interposition. Some linguists use the word preposition in place of adposition regardless of the applicable word order.


  1. preposition

    A preposition is a word or group of words that shows a relationship between two elements in a clause or sentence. It typically indicates location, time, direction, manner, or cause and is often followed by a noun phrase. Examples of prepositions include in, at, on, under, above, near, before, after, by, for, and with.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Prepositionnoun

    a word employed to connect a noun or a pronoun, in an adjectival or adverbial sense, with some other word; a particle used with a noun or pronoun (in English always in the objective case) to make a phrase limiting some other word; -- so called because usually placed before the word with which it is phrased; as, a bridge of iron; he comes from town; it is good for food; he escaped by running

  2. Prepositionnoun

    a proposition; an exposition; a discourse

  3. Etymology: [L. praepositio, fr. praeponere to place before; prae before + ponere to put, place: cf. F. prposition. See Position, and cf. Provost.]

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Preposition

    prep-ō-zish′un, n. a word placed before a noun or pronoun to show its relation to some other word of the sentence.—adj. Preposi′tional.—adv. Preposi′tionally.—adj. Preposi′tive, put before: prefixed.—n. a word or particle put before another word—opp. to Post-positive.—n. Prepos′itor, a school-monitor. [Fr.,—L. præpositiopræ, before, ponĕre, positum, to place.]

How to pronounce preposition?

How to say preposition in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of preposition in Chaldean Numerology is: 6

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of preposition in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3

Examples of preposition in a Sentence

  1. Winston Churchill:

    From now on, ending a sentence with a preposition is something up with which I will not put.

  2. Sir Winston Churchill:

    From now on, ending a sentence with a preposition is something up with which I shall not put.

  3. Ramana Pemmaraju:

    A man's attraction towards a woman is propelled by his innate feelings, while a woman is more sort of involved in a mental game, an impossible preposition of sorts, its like playing soccer in a cricket ground!”

  4. Michael Eric Dyson:

    Aretha Franklin worked above you, aretha Franklin worked beyond you. Get your preposition right.

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Translations for preposition

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

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"preposition." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 8 Dec. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/preposition>.

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    warn strongly; put on guard
    • A. caddie
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