punishment, penalty, penalization, penalisation(noun)
the act of punishing
a payment required for not fulfilling a contract
the disadvantage or painful consequences of an action or condition
"neglected his health and paid the penalty"
(games) a handicap or disadvantage that is imposed on a competitor (or a team) for an infraction of the rules of the game
A legal sentence.
The penalty for his crime was to do hard labor.
A punishment for violating rules of procedure.
A payment forfeited for an early withdrawal from an account or an investment.
A direct free kick from the penalty spot, taken after a defensive foul in the penalty box.
A punishment for an infraction of the rules, often in the form of being removed from play for a specified amount of time.
A penalty was called when he tripped up his opponent.
penal retribution; punishment for crime or offense; the suffering in person or property which is annexed by law or judicial decision to the commission of a crime, offense, or trespass
the suffering, or the sum to be forfeited, to which a person subjects himself by covenant or agreement, in case of nonfulfillment of stipulations; forfeiture; fine
Origin: [F. pnalit. See Penal.]
A penalty in ice hockey is a punishment for an infringement of the rules. Most penalties are enforced by detaining the offending player within a penalty box for a set number of minutes, during which the player can not participate in play. The offending team usually may not replace the player on the ice, leaving them short handed as opposed to full strength. The opposing team is said to be on a power play, having one player more on the ice than the short-handed team. The short handed team is said to be "penalty killing" until the penalty expires and the penalized player returns to play. While standards vary somewhat between leagues, most leagues recognize several common degrees of penalty, as well as common infractions. The statistic used to track penalties was traditionally called "Penalty Infraction Minutes", although the alternate term "Penalties in Minutes" has become common in recent years.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
pen′al-ti, n. punishment: suffering in person or property for wrong-doing or for breach of a law: a fine or loss which a person agrees to pay or bear in case of his non-fulfilment of some undertaking: a fine.—Under penalty of, so as to suffer, or (after a negative) without suffering the punishment of.
Military Dictionary and Gazetteer
In a military sense, signifies forfeiture for non-performance, likewise punishment for embezzlement, etc.
British National Corpus
Spoken Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'penalty' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #3643
Written Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'penalty' in Written Corpus Frequency: #3936
Rank popularity for the word 'penalty' in Nouns Frequency: #1159
The numerical value of penalty in Chaldean Numerology is: 9
The numerical value of penalty in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3
Examples of penalty in a Sentence
Taxes are a penalty on progress.
No death penalty is good enough for now.
Jealousy is such a penalty that one sprays upon itself.
It’s the biggest penalty that no one is talking about.
The death penalty is on the books, but rarely carried out.
Popularity rank by frequency of use
Translations for penalty
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- càstigCatalan, Valencian
- τιμωρία, ποινή, κύρωση, αντίτιμοGreek
- castigo, penaSpanish
- sopimuskorvaus, rangaistus, sopimussakko, jäähyFinnish
- peine, penalisationFrench
- peanasScottish Gaelic
- दण्ड, सज़ाHindi
- büntetés, bírságHungarian
- պատիժ, տուգանքArmenian
- казна, пенал, глобаMacedonian
- penalidade, penaPortuguese
- pedeapsă, penalizareRomanian
- наказание, взыскание, буллит, штрафной бросок, штрафRussian
- straff, utvisningSwedish
- poenne, poenåltéWalloon
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