What does peace of westphalia mean?

Definitions for peace of westphalia
peace of west·phali·a

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word peace of westphalia.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. Peace of Westphalianoun

    the peace treaty that ended the Thirty Years' War in 1648


  1. Peace of Westphalia

    The Peace of Westphalia (German: Westfälischer Friede, pronounced [vɛstˈfɛːlɪʃɐ ˈfʁiːdə] (listen)) is the collective name for two peace treaties signed in October 1648 in the Westphalian cities of Osnabrück and Münster. They ended the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) and brought peace to the Holy Roman Empire, closing a calamitous period of European history that killed approximately eight million people. Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III, the kingdoms of France and Sweden, and their respective allies among the princes of the Holy Roman Empire participated in these treaties.The negotiation process was lengthy and complex. Talks took place in two cities, because each side wanted to meet on territory under its own control. A total of 109 delegations arrived to represent the belligerent states, but not all delegations were present at the same time. Two treaties were signed to end the war in the Empire: the Treaty of Münster and the Treaty of Osnabrück. These treaties ended the Thirty Years' War in the Holy Roman Empire, with the Habsburgs (rulers of Austria and Spain) and their Catholic allies on one side, battling the Protestant powers (Sweden and certain Holy Roman principalities) allied with France (though Catholic, strongly anti-Habsburg under King Louis XIV). Joachim Whaley, a leading English-language historian of the Holy Roman Empire, mentions that later commentators such as Leibniz, Rousseau, Kant, and Schiller eulogized the Peace of Westphalia as the first step towards a universal peace, but he points out that "their projections for the future should not be mistaken for descriptions of reality".Several scholars of international relations have identified the Peace of Westphalia as the origin of principles crucial to modern international relations, collectively known as Westphalian sovereignty. However some historians have argued against this, suggesting that such views emerged during the nineteenth and twentieth century in relation to the later concerns about sovereignty of this subsequent period.


  1. peace of westphalia

    The Peace of Westphalia refers to a series of peace treaties signed between May and October 1648, ending the Thirty Years' War in Europe, a brutal conflict primarily fought among Catholic and Protestant states. This significant event marked the end of the wars of religion. It introduced a new foundation for international relations and diplomacy, emphasizing respect for national sovereignty and non-intervention in the internal affairs of states. It also led to a reconfiguration of the political map of central Europe, establishing the modern state system and redefining national borders.


  1. Peace of Westphalia

    The Peace of Westphalia was a series of peace treaties signed between May and October 1648 in Osnabrück and Münster. These treaties ended the Thirty Years' War in the Holy Roman Empire, and the Eighty Years' War between Spain and the Dutch Republic, with Spain formally recognizing the independence of the Dutch Republic. The Peace of Westphalia treaties involved the Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand III, of the House of Habsburg, the Kingdom of Spain, the Kingdom of France, the Swedish Empire, the Dutch Republic, the Princes of the Holy Roman Empire, and sovereigns of the free imperial cities and can be denoted by two major events. ⁕The signing of the Peace of Münster between the Dutch Republic and the Kingdom of Spain on 30 January 1648, officially ratified in Münster on 15 May 1648. ⁕The signing of two complementary treaties on 24 October 1648, namely: ⁕The Treaty of Münster, concerning the Holy Roman Emperor and France and their respective allies. ⁕The Treaty of Osnabrück, concerning the Holy Roman Emperor, the Empire and Sweden and their respective allies. The treaties resulted from the big diplomatic congress, thereby initiating a new system of political order in central Europe, later called Westphalian sovereignty, based upon the concept of a sovereign state governed by a sovereign and establishing a prejudice in international affairs against interference in another nation's domestic business. The treaty not only signaled the end of the perennial, destructive wars that had ravaged Europe, it also represented the triumph of sovereignty over empire, of national rule over the personal writ of the Habsburgs. The treaties’ regulations became integral to the constitutional law of the Holy Roman Empire, and stood as a precursor to later large international treaties and thereby the development of international law in general.

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of peace of westphalia in Chaldean Numerology is: 2

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of peace of westphalia in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3


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"peace of westphalia." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 4 Oct. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/peace+of+westphalia>.

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