What does parasang mean?

Definitions for parasang

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word parasang.


  1. parasang(Noun)

    A historical Iranian unit of itinerant distance used throughout the Western Mediterranean and the Middle East in antiquity. Functionally comparable to the European league, and presumed to have varied between two and four miles.

    Etymology: From parasanga, from παρασάγγης, from unattested (indigenously attested only in Middle Iranian onwards)

Webster Dictionary

  1. Parasang(noun)

    a Persian measure of length, which, according to Herodotus and Xenophon, was thirty stadia, or somewhat more than three and a half miles. The measure varied in different times and places, and, as now used, is estimated at from three and a half to four English miles

    Etymology: [L. parasanga, Gr. , from Old Persian; cf. Per. farsang.]


  1. Parasang

    The parasang is a historical Iranian unit of itinerant distance comparable to the European league. In antiquity, the term was used throughout much of the Middle East, and the Old Iranian language from which it derives can no longer be determined. There is no consensus with respect to its etymology or literal meaning. In addition to its appearance in various forms in later Iranian languages, the term also appears in Greek as Παρασάγγης parasanges, in Latin as parasanga, in Armenian as hrasakh, in Georgian as parsakhi, in Syriac as prsha, in Arabic as farsakh and in Turkish fersah. The present-day New Persian word is also farsakh, and should not be confused with the present-day farsang, which is now a metric unit of 6 km. or 4 miles The parasang may have originally been some fraction of the distance an infantryman could march in some predefined period of time. Herodotus speaks of [an army] traveling the equivalent of five parasangs per day. The earliest surviving mention of the parasang comes from the mid-5th-century BCE Herodotus, who defines the measure to be equivalent to 30 stadia. This comparison is also made by several later Greek and Roman writers. The 6th-century Agathias however—while referring to Herodotus and Xenophon—note that in his time the Pérsai considered the parasang to have only 21 stadia. Strabo also notes that some writers considered it to be 60, others 40, and yet others 30. In his 1st-century Parthian stations, Isidore of Charax "evidently [used for schoenus] the same measure as the Arabic parasang."

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Parasang

    par′a-sang, n. a Persian measure of length, containing 30 stadia, equal to about 3¾ miles. [Gr. parasangēs—Pers. farsang.]

Dictionary of Nautical Terms

  1. parasang

    A Persian military measure, sometimes assumed as a league, but equal to about 4 English miles.

Military Dictionary and Gazetteer

  1. parasang

    A Persian military measure, sometimes assumed as a league, but equal to about 4 English miles.

How to pronounce parasang?

  1. Alex
    US English

How to say parasang in sign language?

  1. parasang


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of parasang in Chaldean Numerology is: 6

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of parasang in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5

Images & Illustrations of parasang

  1. parasangparasangparasangparasangparasang


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    the transparent covering of an aircraft cockpit
    • A. ignominy
    • B. whitewash
    • C. pluck
    • D. canopy

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