What does off mean?

Definitions for off
ɔf, ɒfoff

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word off.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. offadjective

    not in operation or operational

    "the oven is off"; "the lights are off"

  2. offadjective

    below a satisfactory level

    "an off year for tennis"; "his performance was off"

  3. off, cancelledadjective

    (of events) no longer planned or scheduled

    "the wedding is definitely off"

  4. off, sour, turnedadjective

    in an unpalatable state

    "sour milk"

  5. offverb

    not performing or scheduled for duties

    "He's off every Tuesday"

  6. murder, slay, hit, dispatch, bump off, off, polish off, removeadverb

    kill intentionally and with premeditation

    "The mafia boss ordered his enemies murdered"

  7. away, off, forthadverb

    from a particular thing or place or position (`forth' is obsolete)

    "ran away from the lion"; "wanted to get away from there"; "sent the children away to boarding school"; "the teacher waved the children away from the dead animal"; "went off to school"; "they drove off"; "go forth and preach"

  8. off, awayadverb

    at a distance in space or time

    "the boat was 5 miles off (or away)"; "the party is still 2 weeks off (or away)"; "away back in the 18th century"

  9. offadverb

    no longer on or in contact or attached

    "clean off the dirt"; "he shaved off his mustache"


  1. Offadjective

    Designating a time when one's performance is below normal; as, he had an off day.


  1. offverb

    To kill.

    It was the blow to the head that finished him off, not the bullet wound.

  2. offverb

    To switch off.

    Can you off the light?

  3. offadverb

    In a direction away from the speaker or object.

    He drove off in a cloud of smoke.

  4. offadverb

    Into a state of non-operation; into a state of non-existence.

  5. offadjective

    inoperative, disabled

    All the lights are off.

  6. offadjective

    rancid, rotten

    This milk is off!

  7. offadjective

    in, or towards the half of the field away from the batsman's legs; the right side for a right-handed batsman

  8. offadjective

    Less than normal, in temperament or in result.

    sales are off this quarter

  9. offadjective


  10. offadjective

    Started on the way.

  11. offpreposition

    Out of the possession of.

    He didn't buy it off him. He stole it off him.

  12. offpreposition

    Away from or not on.

    He's off the computer, but he's still on the phone.; Keep off the grass.

  13. offpreposition

    Disconnected or subtracted from.

    We've been off the grid for three days now.; He took 20% off the list price.

  14. offpreposition

    Distant from.

    We're just off the main road.; The island is 23 miles off the cape.

  15. offpreposition

    No longer wanting or taking.

    He's been off his feed since Tuesday.; He's off his meds again.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Offadverb

    Etymology: af, Dutch.

    Since the wisdom of their choice is rather to have my cap than my heart, I will practice the insinuating nod, and be off to them most counterfitly. William Shakespeare, Coriolanus.

    Where are you, Sir John? come, off with your boots. Sha.

    The lurking gold upon the fatal tree;
    Then rend it off. John Dryden, Æn. vi.

    A piece of silver coined for a shilling, that has half the silver clipped off, is no more a shilling than a piece of wood, which was once a sealed yard, is still a yard, when one half of it is broke off. John Locke.

    West of this forest, scarcely off a mile,
    In goodly form comes on the enemy. William Shakespeare.

    About thirty paces off were placed harquebusiers. Richard Knolles.

    ’Tis a good piece;
    This comes off well and excellent. William Shakespeare.

    Competitions intermit, and go off and on as it happens, upon this or that occasion. Roger L'Estrange.

    The questions no way touch upon puritanism, either off or on. Robert Sanderson.

    Philoclea, whose delight of hearing and seeing was before a stay from interrupting her, gave herself to be seen unto her with such a lightening of beauty upon Zelmane, that neither she could look on, nor would look off. Philip Sidney, b. ii.

    Several starts of fancy off hand look well enough. Roger L'Estrange.

  2. Offinterject.

    An expression of abhorrence, or command to depart.

    Off, or I fly for ever from thy sight. Edmund Smith, Phædr.

  3. Offprep.

    I continued feeling again the same pain; and finding it grow violent I burnt it, and felt no more after the third time; was never off my legs, nor kept my chamber a day. William Temple.

    Marcus Tullius Cicero’s Tusculum was at a place called Grotto Ferrate, about two miles off this town, though most of the modern writers have fixed it to Frescati. Joseph Addison, on Italy.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Off

    of, adv. from: away from: on the opposite side of a question.—adj. most distant: on the opposite or farther side: on the side of a cricket-field right of the wicket-keeper and left of the bowler: not devoted to usual business, as an Off day.—prep. not on.—interj. away! depart!—adj. and adv. Off′-and-on′, occasional.—adj. Off′-col′our, of inferior value: indisposed.—n. Off′-come (Scot.), an apology, pretext: any exhibition of temper, &c.—adv. Off′-hand, at once: without hesitating.—adj. without study: impromptu: free and easy.—adj. Off′ish, reserved in manner.—ns. Off′-print, a reprint of a single article from a magazine or other periodical—the French tirage à part, German Abdruck; Off′-reck′oning, an allowance formerly made to certain British officers from the money appropriated for army clothing.—v.t. Off′saddle, to unsaddle.—ns. Off′scouring, matter scoured off: refuse: anything vile or despised; Off′-scum, refuse or scum; Off′set (in accounts), a sum or value set off against another as an equivalent: a short lateral shoot or bulb: a terrace on a hillside: (archit.) a horizontal ledge on the face of a wall: in surveying, a perpendicular from the main line to an outlying point.—v.t. (in accounts) to place against as an equivalent.—n. Off′shoot, that which shoots off from the main stem, stream, &c.: anything growing out of another.—adv. Off′shore, in a direction from the shore, as a wind: at a distance from the shore.—adj. from the shore.—ns. Off′side, the right-hand side in driving: the farther side; Off′spring, that which springs from another: a child, or children: issue: production of any kind.—Off one's chump, head, demented; Off one's feed, indisposed to eat.—Be off, to go away quickly; Come off, Go off, Show off, Take off, &c. (see Come, Go, Show, Take, &c.); Ill off, poor or unfortunate; Tell off, to count: to assign, as for a special duty; Well off, rich, well provided. [Same as Of.]

Dictionary of Nautical Terms

  1. off

    The opposite to near. Also applied to a ship sailing from the shore into the open sea. Also, implies abreast of, or near, as "We were off Cape Finisterre."--Nothing off! The order to the helmsman not to suffer the ship to fall off from the wind.

Suggested Resources

  1. off

    Song lyrics by off -- Explore a large variety of song lyrics performed by off on the Lyrics.com website.

  2. OFF

    What does OFF stand for? -- Explore the various meanings for the OFF acronym on the Abbreviations.com website.

  3. Off

    Of vs. Off -- In this Grammar.com article you will learn the differences between the words Of and Off.

Surnames Frequency by Census Records

  1. OFF

    According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Off is ranked #53802 in terms of the most common surnames in America.

    The Off surname appeared 384 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 0 would have the surname Off.

    93.4% or 359 total occurrences were White.
    3.6% or 14 total occurrences were of Hispanic origin.
    1.3% or 5 total occurrences were Black.

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'off' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #187

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'off' in Written Corpus Frequency: #158

  3. Adverbs Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'off' in Adverbs Frequency: #30

How to pronounce off?

How to say off in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of off in Chaldean Numerology is: 5

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of off in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9

Examples of off in a Sentence

  1. Rory McIlroy:

    It's about staying patient, there's a lot of pars on my card, but I was able to pick off a couple of birdies and a nice eagle on 16, so pleased with the start.

  2. Chase LeBlanc:

    There is a word that is so old fashioned -- I feel compelled to dust it off just to use it in this sentence -- RECIPROCITY -- the “soul-coal” that stoked many barn raisings, harvests and roundups.

  3. Marisa Lankester:

    It kind of ticks me off. Twenty-four hours ago, sports betting was illegal, now it’s like whatever.

  4. Nick White:

    It’s a great weight off our shoulders to know he’s not out there and he can’t do anything like this again to vulnerable people in the community.

  5. Raven Saunders:

    I think it’s ridiculous that the IOC is really paying attention to that only because she did it towards the end of everything, they literally took their picture, she literally respected everybody on the podium. It was right before they were going off the podium (that she raised her arms and made an X) at the end. I feel she should not be punished so I hope the USOPC supports her and fights for her so she keeps her medal and she’s supported.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for off

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • pryčCzech
  • weg, aus, davonGerman
  • κλειστό, απόGreek
  • de, apagadoSpanish
  • ylös, -sta, pilalla, pois päältä, alas, ulos, -lta, pois, poissaFinnish
  • deFrench
  • kiHungarian
  • spento, putridoItalian
  • כבויHebrew
  • オフJapanese
  • исклучен, расипан, из-, од-, ис-, од, исклучуваMacedonian
  • uit, wegDutch
  • av, deaktivertNorwegian
  • od-, sprzątnąćPolish
  • desligar, apagar, desligado, estragadoPortuguese
  • замочить, убрать, прочь, долой, ис-, испортить, прогорклый, с, выкл., кокнуть, несвежий, вон, пришить, протухший, от-, у-, выключить, от, гнилой, из-Russian
  • kapalıTurkish

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"off." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 28 Mar. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/off>.

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    the substance that is acted upon by an enzyme or ferment
    • A. impounding
    • B. omphalos
    • C. slur
    • D. substrate

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