What does obesity mean?
Definitions for obesity
This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word obesity.
fleshiness, obesity, corpulencynoun
more than average fatness
the state of being obese due to an excess of body fat
Etymology: From obésité, from obesitas, from obesus
Samuel Johnson's Dictionary
Morbid fatness; incumbrance of flesh.
Etymology: from obese.
On these many diseases depend; as on the straitness of the chest, a phthisis; on the largeness of the veins, an atrophy; on their smallness, obesity. Nehemiah Grew, Cosmol. b. ii.
Obesity is a medical condition, sometimes considered a disease, in which excess body fat has accumulated to such an extent that it may negatively affect health. People are classified as obese when their body mass index (BMI)—a person's weight divided by the square of the person's height—is over 30 kg/m2; the range 25–30 kg/m2 is defined as overweight. Some East Asian countries use lower values to calculate obesity. Obesity is a major cause of disability and is correlated with various diseases and conditions, particularly cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis.Obesity has individual, socioeconomic, and environmental causes. Some known causes are diet, physical activity, automation, urbanization, genetic susceptibility, medications, mental disorders, economic policies, endocrine disorders, and exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals.While a majority of obese individuals at any given time are attempting to lose weight and are often successful, maintaining weight loss long term is rare. There is no effective, well-defined, evidence-based intervention for preventing obesity. Obesity prevention requires a complex approach, including interventions at societal, community, family, and individual levels. Changes to diet and exercising are the main treatments recommended by health professionals. Diet quality can be improved by reducing the consumption of energy-dense foods, such as those high in fat or sugars, and by increasing the intake of dietary fiber, if these dietary choices are available, affordable, and accessible. Medications can be used, along with a suitable diet, to reduce appetite or decrease fat absorption. If diet, exercise, and medication are not effective, a gastric balloon or surgery may be performed to reduce stomach volume or length of the intestines, leading to feeling full earlier, or a reduced ability to absorb nutrients from food.Obesity is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide, with increasing rates in adults and children. In 2015, 600 million adults (12%) and 100 million children were obese in 195 countries. Obesity is more common in women than in men. Today, obesity is stigmatized in most of the world. Conversely, some cultures, past and present, have a favorable view of obesity, seeing it as a symbol of wealth and fertility. Nevertheless, in 2013, several medical societies, including the American Medical Association and the American Heart Association, classified obesity as a disease.
the state or quality of being obese; incumbrance of flesh
Etymology: [L. obesitas: cf. F. obsit.]
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems. People are considered obese when their body mass index, a measurement obtained by dividing a person's weight in kilograms by the square of the person's height in metres, exceeds 30 kg/m². Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases, particularly heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis. Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food energy intake, lack of physical activity, and genetic susceptibility, although a few cases are caused primarily by genes, endocrine disorders, medications or psychiatric illness. Evidence to support the view that some obese people eat little yet gain weight due to a slow metabolism is limited; on average obese people have a greater energy expenditure than their thin counterparts due to the energy required to maintain an increased body mass. Dieting and physical exercise are the mainstays of treatment for obesity. Diet quality can be improved by reducing the consumption of energy-dense foods such as those high in fat and sugars, and by increasing the intake of dietary fiber. Anti-obesity drugs may be taken to reduce appetite or inhibit fat absorption together with a suitable diet. If diet, exercise and medication are not effective, a gastric balloon may assist with weight loss, or surgery may be performed to reduce stomach volume and/or bowel length, leading to earlier satiation and reduced ability to absorb nutrients from food.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The Foolish Dictionary, by Gideon Wurdz
A surplus gone to waist.
The numerical value of obesity in Chaldean Numerology is: 5
The numerical value of obesity in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5
Examples of obesity in a Sentence
We know diabetes and obesity can lead to liver disease, cirrhosis and liver cancer and when you put that all together this may be helping increase their cancer rates.
We believe the pathways of which artificially sweetened beverages would affect the brain are probably through vascular mechanisms, when the authors controlled for hypertension and diabetes and obesity the effects diminish, which implies that some of the effects of artificially sweetened beverages could still be going through a vascular pathway.
We understand that our efforts in dealing with the obesity epidemic are not seen as credible, so we must – and want to – do better, today's disclosures mark an important first step toward being a more effective partner against obesity.
There is data that already exists suggesting that obesity might( be) associated with microbiome changes, although a lot of that data doesn't describe whether the microbiome changes came first... or the weight changes happened and then microbiome changes, we also know that many large dietary changes( especially restriction diets) have a large effect on our microbiome.
If you – like a guy like Charlie, who I played in this movie – in any way, struggle with obesity, or you just feel like you’re in a dark sea, I want you to know that if you, too, can have the strength to just get to your feet and go to the light, good things will happen.
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Translations for obesity
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- سمنة, بدانةArabic
- obesitatCatalan, Valencian
- otylost, obezitaCzech
- overvægt, fedmeDanish
- Fettsucht, Adipostas, ÜbergewichtGerman
- sobrepeso, obesidadSpanish
- ylipaino, liikalihavuusFinnish
- murtall, otrachtIrish
- השמנת יתר חולנית, שׁוֹמֶןHebrew
- չաղություն, գիրությունArmenian
- 肥満, 肥大Japanese
- გაცხიმოვნება, სიმსუქნეGeorgian
- ожирение, тучностьRussian
- гојазност, претилост, gȍjāznōst, prètilōstSerbo-Croatian
- béo phìVietnamese
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"obesity." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 5 Jun 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/obesity>.
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