nitrogen, N, atomic number 7(noun)
a common nonmetallic element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless inert diatomic gas; constitutes 78 percent of the atmosphere by volume; a constituent of all living tissues
A colorless nonmetallic element of atomic number 7, tasteless and odorless, comprising four fifths of the atmosphere by volume in the form of molecular nitrogen (N2). It is chemically very inert in the free state, and as such is incapable of supporting life (hence the name azote still used by French chemists); but it forms many important compounds, such as ammonia, nitric acid, the cyanides, etc, and is a constituent of all organized living tissues, animal or vegetable. Symbol N. Atomic weight 14.007. It was formerly regarded as a permanent noncondensible gas, but was liquefied in 1877 by Cailletet of Paris, and Pictet of Geneva, and boils at -195.8
Origin: [L. nitrum natron + -gen: cf. F. nitrogne. See Niter.]
A chemical element (symbol N) with an atomic number of 7 and atomic weight of 14.0067.
Molecular nitrogen (N), a colorless, odorless gas at room temperature.
A specific nitrogen within a chemical formula, or a specific isotope of nitrogen
The two nitrogens are located next to one another on the ring.
Origin: From nitrogène (coined by Lavoisier), corresponding to nitro- + -gen.
a colorless nonmetallic element, tasteless and odorless, comprising four fifths of the atmosphere by volume. It is chemically very inert in the free state, and as such is incapable of supporting life (hence the name azote still used by French chemists); but it forms many important compounds, as ammonia, nitric acid, the cyanides, etc, and is a constituent of all organized living tissues, animal or vegetable. Symbol N. Atomic weight 14. It was formerly regarded as a permanent noncondensible gas, but was liquefied in 1877 by Cailletet of Paris, and Pictet of Geneva
Origin: [L. nitrum natron + -gen: cf. F. nitrogne. See Niter.]
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7. Elemental nitrogen is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, and mostly inert diatomic gas at standard conditions, constituting 78.09% by volume of Earth's atmosphere. The element nitrogen was discovered as a separable component of air, by Scottish physician Daniel Rutherford, in 1772. It belongs to the pnictogen family. Nitrogen is a common element in the universe, estimated at about seventh in total abundance in our galaxy and the Solar System. It is synthesised by fusion of carbon and hydrogen in supernovas. Due to the volatility of elemental nitrogen and its common compounds with hydrogen and oxygen, nitrogen is far less common on the rocky planets of the inner Solar System, and it is a relatively rare element on Earth as a whole. However, as on Earth, nitrogen and its compounds occur commonly as gases in the atmospheres of planets and moons that have atmospheres. Many industrially important compounds, such as ammonia, nitric acid, organic nitrates, and cyanides, contain nitrogen. The extremely strong bond in elemental nitrogen dominates nitrogen chemistry, causing difficulty for both organisms and industry in converting the N 2 into useful compounds, but at the same time causing release of large amounts of often useful energy when the compounds burn, explode, or decay back into nitrogen gas. Synthetically-produced ammonia and nitrates are key industrial fertilizers and fertilizer nitrates are key pollutants in causing the eutrophication of water systems.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
nī′tro-jen, n. a gas forming nearly four-fifths of common air, a necessary constituent of every organised body, so called from its being an essential constituent of nitre.—adjs. Nitrogen′ic, Nitrog′enous.—v.t. Nitrog′enise, to impregnate with nitrogen.—n. Nitrom′eter, an apparatus for estimating nitrogen in some of its combinations. [Gr. nitron, and gennaein, to generate.]
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a gaseous element which constitutes one-fourth in volume of the atmosphere, is the basis of nitric acid, and is an essential constituent of proteids, alkaloids, and albuminoids.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight 14. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
Is a chemical element.
Nitrogen is an essential building block of amino and nucleic acids, essential to life on Earth.Submitted by MC Harmonious on September 17, 2015
integron, ring tone, ringtone
The numerical value of nitrogen in Chaldean Numerology is: 5
The numerical value of nitrogen in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3
Examples of nitrogen in a Sentence
The one variable that Nathan Kizer can count on to pick up maximum yield is nitrogen.
In the office, I remove brown spots with laser, chemical peels, or freezing [them] with a liquid nitrogen spray.
The Volkswagen did not show a characteristic reduction of nitrogen oxide pollution levels during highway driving.
If rains arrive in September, farmers will increase the use of nitrogen, if it remains dry, demand will fall further.
I'd take the tanks of liquid nitrogen in Dr. Graham's Cadillac and drive up to CalTech and talk to the students (and professors).
Images & Illustrations of nitrogen
Popularity rank by frequency of use
Translations for nitrogen
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- nitrogen, azotBreton
- nitrogenCatalan, Valencian
- blorai, nitrogenWelsh
- nitrogen, kvælstofDanish
- Stickstoff, Stickstoff-German
- nitrogeno, azotoEsperanto
- ازت, نیتروژنPersian
- stikstofWestern Frisian
- nìtriginScottish Gaelic
- azote, nitróxenoGalician
- azòtHaitian Creole
- köfnunarefni, niturIcelandic
- StéckstoffLuxembourgish, Letzeburgesch
- stikstofLimburgish, Limburgan, Limburger
- നൈട്രജന്, പാക്യജനകംMalayalam
- नायट्रोजन, नत्रवायूMarathi
- zat lemas, nitrogenMalay
- nitroġenu, ażotuMaltese
- nitrogen, kvæve, kvelstoffNorwegian Nynorsk
- ਨਾਈਟ੍ਰੋਜਨPanjabi, Punjabi
- азот, dušik, azotSerbo-Croatian
- azot, nitrogjenitAlbanian
- நைட்ரஜன், ருசரகம்Tamil
- nitơ, đạm khíVietnamese
Get even more translations for nitrogen »
Find a translation for the nitrogen definition in other languages:
Select another language:
- - Select -
- 简体中文 (Chinese - Simplified)
- 繁體中文 (Chinese - Traditional)
- Español (Spanish)
- 日本語 (Japanese)
- Português (Portuguese)
- Deutsch (German)
- العربية (Arabic)
- Français (French)
- Русский (Russian)
- ಕನ್ನಡ (Kannada)
- 한국어 (Korean)
- עברית (Hebrew)
- Український (Ukrainian)
- اردو (Urdu)
- Magyar (Hungarian)
- मानक हिन्दी (Hindi)
- Indonesia (Indonesian)
- Italiano (Italian)
- தமிழ் (Tamil)
- Türkçe (Turkish)
- తెలుగు (Telugu)
- ภาษาไทย (Thai)
- Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese)
- Čeština (Czech)
- Polski (Polish)
- Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian)
- Românește (Romanian)
- Nederlands (Dutch)
- Ελληνικά (Greek)
- Latinum (Latin)
- Svenska (Swedish)
- Dansk (Danish)
- Suomi (Finnish)
- فارسی (Persian)
- ייִדיש (Yiddish)
- հայերեն (Armenian)
- Norsk (Norwegian)
- English (English)