What does millet (ottoman empire) mean?

Definitions for millet (ottoman empire)
mil·let (ot·toman em·pire)

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word millet (ottoman empire).


  1. Millet (Ottoman Empire)

    In the Ottoman Empire, a millet (Turkish: [millet]; Arabic: مِلَّة) was an independent court of law pertaining to "personal law" under which a confessional community (a group abiding by the laws of Muslim Sharia, Christian Canon law, or Jewish Halakha) was allowed to rule itself under its own laws. Despite frequently being referred to as a "system", before the nineteenth century the organization of what are now retrospectively called millets in the Ottoman Empire was not at all systematic. Rather, non-Muslims were simply given a significant degree of autonomy within their own community, without an overarching structure for the 'millet' as a whole. The notion of distinct millets corresponding to different religious communities within the empire would not emerge until the eighteenth century. Subsequently, the existence of the millet system was justified through numerous foundation myths linking it back to the time of Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror (r. 1451–81), although it is now understood that no such system existed in the fifteenth century.During the 19th century rise of nationalism in the Ottoman Empire, as result of the Tanzimat reforms (1839–76), the term was used for legally protected ethno-linguistic minority groups, similar to the way other countries use the word nation. The word millet comes from the Arabic word millah (ملة) and literally means "nation". Abdulaziz Sachedina regards the millet system as an example of pre-modern religious pluralism, as the state recognized multiple different religious groups in exchange for some control over religious identification and the enforcement of orthodoxy.Johann Strauss, author of "A Constitution for a Multilingual Empire: Translations of the Kanun-ı Esasi and Other Official Texts into Minority Languages", wrote that the term "seems to be so essential for the understanding of the Ottoman system and especially the status of non-Muslims".

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of millet (ottoman empire) in Chaldean Numerology is: 5

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of millet (ottoman empire) in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1


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    a British imperial capacity measure (liquid or dry) equal to 4 quarts or 4.545 liters
    • A. anestrus
    • B. liniment
    • C. congius
    • D. instigation

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