What does mannitol mean?

Definitions for mannitol
ˈmæn ɪˌtɔl, -ˌtɒlman·ni·tol

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word mannitol.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. mannitol, Osmitrolnoun

    a diuretic (trade name Osmitrol) used to promote the excretion of urine

GCIDE

  1. mannitolnoun

    (Chem.) A white crystalline hexose (HO.CH2.(CHOH)4.CH2.OH) of a sweet taste obtained from a so-called manna, the dried sap of the flowering ash (Fraxinus ornus); -- called also mannite, and hydroxy hexane. Cf. Dulcite. It is used in pharmacy as excipient and diluent for solids and liquids. It is also used as a food additive for anti-caking properties, or as a sweetener, and, illegally, to "cut" (dilute) illegal drugs such as cocaine or heroin. D-mannitol; manna sugar; cordycepic acid; Diosmol; Mannicol; Mannidex; Osmiktrol; Osmosal.

    Etymology: [Mannite + -ol.]

Wiktionary

  1. mannitolnoun

    a polyhydroxy alcohol, an isomer of sorbitol, used as an artificial sweetener

    Etymology: From mannose + -itol

Webster Dictionary

  1. Mannitolnoun

    the technical name of mannite. See Mannite

    Etymology: [Mannite + -ol.]

Freebase

  1. Mannitol

    Mannitol is a white, crystalline solid with the chemical formula. It is mainly used to produce tablets of medicine. It was originally isolated from the secretions of the flowering ash and called manna after its resemblance to the Biblical food. It is also referred to as mannite and manna sugar. In plants, it is used to induce osmotic stress. Its fetal safety is "C" in Briggs' Reference Guide to Fetal and Neonatal Risk. It is classified as a sugar alcohol; that is, it is derived from a sugar by reduction. Other sugar alcohols include xylitol and sorbitol. Mannitol and sorbitol are isomers, the only difference being the orientation of the hydroxyl group on carbon 2.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Mannitol

    A diuretic and renal diagnostic aid related to sorbitol. It has little significant energy value as it is largely eliminated from the body before any metabolism can take place. It can be used to treat oliguria associated with kidney failure or other manifestations of inadequate renal function and has been used for determination of glomerular filtration rate. Mannitol is also commonly used as a research tool in cell biological studies, usually to control osmolarity.

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of mannitol in Chaldean Numerology is: 3

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of mannitol in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8

Images & Illustrations of mannitol

  1. mannitolmannitolmannitolmannitolmannitol

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Translations for mannitol

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