a lay judge or civil authority who administers the law (especially one who conducts a court dealing with minor offenses)
A judicial officer with limited authority to administer and enforce the law. A magistrate's court may have jurisdiction in civil or criminal cases, or both.
a person clothed with power as a public civil officer; a public civil officer invested with the executive government, or some branch of it
Origin: [L. magistratus, fr. magister master: cf. F. magistrat. See Master.]
A magistrate is an officer of the state; in modern usage the term usually refers to a judge. This was not always the case; in ancient Rome, a magistratus was one of the highest government officers and possessed both judicial and executive powers. Today, in common law systems, a magistrate has limited law enforcement and administration authority. In civil law systems, a magistrate might be a judge in a superior court; the magistrates' court might have jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases. A related, but not always equivalent, term is chief magistrate, which historically can denote a political and administrative officer.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
maj′is-trāt, n. a person entrusted with the power of putting the laws in force: a justice of the peace.—n. Mag′istracy, the office or dignity of a magistrate: the body of magistrates.—adj. Mag′istral, magisterial: specially prescribed or made up, as a medicine: effectual.—n. (fort.) the guiding line determining the other positions: a special preacher in Spanish cathedrals, &c.—n. Magistrand′, an arts student ready to proceed to graduation, at Aberdeen.—adj. Magistrat′ic. [O. Fr.,—L. magistratus, magister.]
British National Corpus
Rank popularity for the word 'magistrate' in Nouns Frequency: #1441
The numerical value of magistrate in Chaldean Numerology is: 1
The numerical value of magistrate in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5
Sample Sentences & Example Usage
Obscenity is what happens to shock some elderly and ignorant magistrate.
Your every voter, as surely as your chief magistrate, exercises a public trust.
It is forbidden for a magistrate to express by any means of communication his opinion on a process before it is judged.
It is obvious that 'obscenity' is not a term capable of exact legal definition in the practice of the Courts, it means 'anything that shocks the magistrate.'
It could eventually go to the special magistrate, evidence had to be documented as to what the gentleman found when he went to visit the place on that Sunday.
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Translations for magistrate
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