infrared, infrared frequencynoun
the infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum; electromagnetic wave frequencies below the visible range
"they could sense radiation in the infrared"
infrared, infrared light, infrared radiation, infrared emissionadjective
electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths longer than visible light but shorter than radio waves
having or employing wavelengths longer than light but shorter than radio waves; lying outside the visible spectrum at its red end
"infrared radiation"; "infrared photography"
electromagnetic radiation of a wavelength longer than visible light, but shorter than microwave radiation, having a wavelength between 700 nm and 1 mm
In the infrared spectrum.
Having the wavelength in the infrared.
Etymology: Latin infra, below, + red
Infrared (IR), sometimes called infrared light, is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with wavelengths longer than those of visible light. It is therefore generally invisible to the human eye, although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nanometers (nm)s from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions. IR wavelengths extend from the nominal red edge of the visible spectrum at 700 nanometers (frequency 430 THz), to 1 millimeter (300 GHz). Most of the thermal radiation emitted by objects near room temperature is infrared. As with all EMR, IR carries radiant energy and behaves both like a wave and like its quantum particle, the photon. Infrared radiation was discovered in 1800 by astronomer Sir William Herschel, who discovered a type of invisible radiation in the spectrum lower in energy than red light, by means of its effect on a thermometer. Slightly more than half of the total energy from the Sun was eventually found to arrive on Earth in the form of infrared. The balance between absorbed and emitted infrared radiation has a critical effect on Earth's climate. Infrared radiation is emitted or absorbed by molecules when they change their rotational-vibrational movements. It excites vibrational modes in a molecule through a change in the dipole moment, making it a useful frequency range for study of these energy states for molecules of the proper symmetry. Infrared spectroscopy examines absorption and transmission of photons in the infrared range.Infrared radiation is used in industrial, scientific, military, commercial, and medical applications. Night-vision devices using active near-infrared illumination allow people or animals to be observed without the observer being detected. Infrared astronomy uses sensor-equipped telescopes to penetrate dusty regions of space such as molecular clouds, detect objects such as planets, and to view highly red-shifted objects from the early days of the universe. Infrared thermal-imaging cameras are used to detect heat loss in insulated systems, to observe changing blood flow in the skin, and to detect overheating of electrical apparatus.Extensive uses for military and civilian applications include target acquisition, surveillance, night vision, homing, and tracking. Humans at normal body temperature radiate chiefly at wavelengths around 10 μm (micrometers). Non-military uses include thermal efficiency analysis, environmental monitoring, industrial facility inspections, detection of grow-ops, remote temperature sensing, short-range wireless communication, spectroscopy, and weather forecasting.
Infrared light is electromagnetic radiation with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, extending from the nominal red edge of the visible spectrum at 700 nanometres to 1 mm. This range of wavelengths corresponds to a frequency range of approximately 430 THz down to 300 GHz, and includes most of the thermal radiation emitted by objects near room temperature. Infrared light is emitted or absorbed by molecules when they change their rotational-vibrational movements. The existence of infrared radiation was first discovered in 1800 by astronomer William Herschel. Slightly more than half of the energy from the Sun arrives on Earth in the form of infrared radiation. The balance between absorbed and emitted infrared radiation has a critical effect on the Earth's climate. Infrared energy elicits vibrational modes in a molecule through a change in the dipole moment, making it a useful frequency range for study of these energy states for molecules of the proper symmetry. Infrared spectroscopy examines absorption and transmission of photons in the infrared energy range. Infrared light is used in industrial, scientific, and medical applications. Night-vision devices using active near-infrared illumination allow people or animals to be observed without the observer being detected. Infrared astronomy uses sensor-equipped telescopes to penetrate dusty regions of space, such as molecular clouds; detect objects such as planets, and to view highly red-shifted objects from the early days of the universe. Infrared thermal-imaging cameras are used to detect heat loss in insulated systems, to observe changing blood flow in the skin, and to detect overheating of electrical apparatus.
Song lyrics by infrared -- Explore a large variety of song lyrics performed by infrared on the Lyrics.com website.
The numerical value of infrared in Chaldean Numerology is: 1
The numerical value of infrared in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3
It's kind of like a jack-o-lantern, you see bright infrared light coming from cloud-free areas, but where there are clouds, it's really dark in the infrared.
The millimeter wave radar turns on first. Then the data link gives it a cue and tells the seeker where to open up and look. Then it turns on its IR (infrared) which uses heat seeking technology.
Our technology works best in hot, dry climates where the sky is clear, so when Jesus Valenzuela have clouds, that blocks that radiative cooling window, in the same way that [ carbon dioxide ] blocks light and sort of has that heat trapping effect, water vapor also will block infrared light.
It is possible that other carnivorans possess a similar infrared sense and that adds a new chapter to the story of prey-predator relationships, predator hunting strategies have to be re-evaluated and the biology of prey animals has to be revisited with body heat sensing predators in mind.
Light absorbing dyes are found all around us. They're in paints, they're in pigments for clothing, and they're even in electronic devices, what we've done is we've engineered those dyes to selectively absorb infrared light and also convert that light into electricity.
Popularity rank by frequency of use
Translations for infrared
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- تحت الحمراء, الأشعة تحت الحمراءArabic
- infraroigCatalan, Valencian
- infračervený, infračervenéCzech
- infrarød, infrarød strålingDanish
- υπέρυθρες, υπέρυθροςGreek
- فرو سرخ, فروسرخPersian
- infridhearg, fodheargIrish
- fo-dheargScottish Gaelic
- infravörös, infravHungarian
- אינפרא אדוםHebrew
- 赤外線, 赤外Japanese
- 적외선의, 적외선Korean
- инфрацрвено зрачење, инфрацрвенMacedonian
- infraraud stråling, infraraudNorwegian Nynorsk
- infrarød stråling, infrarødNorwegian
- podczerwony, podczerwieńPolish
- инфрацрвен, infracrvenSerbo-Croatian
- infraröd strålning, infraröd, infrarSwedish
- Kızılötesi, kızıl, KızılaltıTurkish
- hồng ngoạiVietnamese
Get even more translations for infrared »
Find a translation for the infrared definition in other languages:
Select another language:
- - Select -
- 简体中文 (Chinese - Simplified)
- 繁體中文 (Chinese - Traditional)
- Español (Spanish)
- Esperanto (Esperanto)
- 日本語 (Japanese)
- Português (Portuguese)
- Deutsch (German)
- العربية (Arabic)
- Français (French)
- Русский (Russian)
- ಕನ್ನಡ (Kannada)
- 한국어 (Korean)
- עברית (Hebrew)
- Gaeilge (Irish)
- Українська (Ukrainian)
- اردو (Urdu)
- Magyar (Hungarian)
- मानक हिन्दी (Hindi)
- Indonesia (Indonesian)
- Italiano (Italian)
- தமிழ் (Tamil)
- Türkçe (Turkish)
- తెలుగు (Telugu)
- ภาษาไทย (Thai)
- Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese)
- Čeština (Czech)
- Polski (Polish)
- Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian)
- Românește (Romanian)
- Nederlands (Dutch)
- Ελληνικά (Greek)
- Latinum (Latin)
- Svenska (Swedish)
- Dansk (Danish)
- Suomi (Finnish)
- فارسی (Persian)
- ייִדיש (Yiddish)
- հայերեն (Armenian)
- Norsk (Norwegian)
- English (English)