What does inflation mean?

Definitions for inflation
ɪnˈfleɪ ʃənin·fla·tion

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word inflation.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. inflation, rising prices(noun)

    a general and progressive increase in prices

    "in inflation everything gets more valuable except money"

  2. inflation(noun)

    (cosmology) a brief exponential expansion of the universe (faster than the speed of light) postulated to have occurred shortly after the big bang

  3. ostentation, ostentatiousness, pomposity, pompousness, pretentiousness, puffiness, splashiness, inflation(noun)

    lack of elegance as a consequence of being pompous and puffed up with vanity

  4. inflation(noun)

    the act of filling something with air


  1. inflation(Noun)

    An act, instance of, or state of expansion or increase in size, especially by injection of a gas.

    The inflation of the balloon took five hours.

  2. inflation(Noun)

    An increase in the general level of prices or in the cost of living.

  3. inflation(Noun)

    A decline in the value of money.

  4. inflation(Noun)

    An increase in the quantity of money, leading to a devaluation of existing money.

  5. inflation(Noun)

    Undue expansion or increase, as of academic grades.

  6. inflation(Noun)

    An extremely rapid expansion of the universe, theorised to have occurred very shortly after the big bang.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Inflation(noun)

    the act or process of inflating, or the state of being inflated, as with air or gas; distention; expansion; enlargement

    Etymology: [L. inflatio: cf. F. inflation.]

  2. Inflation(noun)

    the state of being puffed up, as with pride; conceit; vanity

    Etymology: [L. inflatio: cf. F. inflation.]

  3. Inflation(noun)

    undue expansion or increase, from overissue; -- said of currency

    Etymology: [L. inflatio: cf. F. inflation.]


  1. Inflation

    In economics, inflation is a rise in the general level of prices of goods and services in an economy over a period of time. When the general price level rises, each unit of currency buys fewer goods and services. Consequently, inflation reflects a reduction in the purchasing power per unit of money – a loss of real value in the medium of exchange and unit of account within the economy. A chief measure of price inflation is the inflation rate, the annualized percentage change in a general price index over time. Inflation's effects on an economy are various and can be simultaneously positive and negative. Negative effects of inflation include an increase in the opportunity cost of holding money, uncertainty over future inflation which may discourage investment and savings, and if inflation is rapid enough, shortages of goods as consumers begin hoarding out of concern that prices will increase in the future. Positive effects include ensuring that central banks can adjust real interest rates, and encouraging investment in non-monetary capital projects. Economists generally agree that high rates of inflation and hyperinflation are caused by an excessive growth of the money supply. Views on which factors determine low to moderate rates of inflation are more varied. Low or moderate inflation may be attributed to fluctuations in real demand for goods and services, or changes in available supplies such as during scarcities, as well as to changes in the velocity of money supply measures; in particular the MZM supply velocity. However, the consensus view is that a long sustained period of inflation is caused by money supply growing faster than the rate of economic growth.

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'inflation' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #2305

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'inflation' in Written Corpus Frequency: #2726

  3. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'inflation' in Nouns Frequency: #1016

How to pronounce inflation?

  1. Alex
    US English

How to say inflation in sign language?

  1. inflation


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of inflation in Chaldean Numerology is: 8

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of inflation in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1

Examples of inflation in a Sentence

  1. Minneapolis Fed President Narayana Kocherlakota:

    Given these costs, I anticipate that monetary policy will be insufficiently accommodative during periods at the nominal interest rate lower bound, which will lead the economy to undershoot the (Fed)’s inflation and employment objectives, fiscal policymakers can mitigate this risk by choosing to maintain higher levels of public debt than markets currently anticipate.

  2. Sean Henderson:

    If the market stays in a range for an extended period of time, my retirement account will be dead money that inflation could erode, with options, I can place non-directional trades that make money through time decay.

  3. Koji Nagai:

    Leaving aside the BOJ's 2 percent target, it's not yet clear whether inflation of over 1 percent will take root, japan could even return to deflation.

  4. Chicago Fed President Charles Evans:

    I don't foresee an outsized risk of a breakout in inflation, as long as this picture continues, the (Fed) can increase rates gradually while monitoring any rising inflationary pressures.

  5. Stephanie Bucko:

    Traditionally commodities and gold have been good inflation hedges.

Images & Illustrations of inflation

  1. inflationinflationinflationinflationinflation

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for inflation

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

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"inflation." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2020. Web. 31 May 2020. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/inflation>.

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