What does hitherto mean?

Definitions for hitherto
ˈhɪð ərˌtuhith·er·to

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word hitherto.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. so far, thus far, up to now, hitherto, heretofore, as yet, yet, til now, until nowadverb

    used in negative statement to describe a situation that has existed up to this point or up to the present time

    "So far he hasn't called"; "the sun isn't up yet"


  1. hithertoadverb

    Up to this or that time.

    The Wright Brothers flew the first successful manned, powered and controlled aircraft in 1903, a feat which hitherto had not been accomplished, except by Santos-Dumont.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Hithertoadverb

    Etymology: from hither.

    More ample spirit than hitherto was wont,
    Here needs me, whiles the famous ancestries
    Of my most dreadful sovereign I recount. Fairy Queen.

    Hitherto I have only told the reader what ought not to be the subject of a picture or of a poem. John Dryden, Dufresnoy.

    In this we are not their adversaries, tho’ they in the other hitherto have been ours. Richard Hooker, b. v. s. 22.

    Hitherto, lords, what your commands impos’d
    I have perform’d, as reason was, obeying. John Milton, Agonist.

    Hitherto she kept her love conceal’d,
    And with those graces ev’ry day beheld
    The graceful youth. John Dryden, Fables.

    He could not have failed to add the opposition of ill spirits to the good: they have also their design ever opposite to that of heaven, and this alone has hitherto been the practice of the moderns. John Dryden, Juven. Dedication.

    We ought to struggle with those natural disadvantages, and be careful whom we employ, whenever we design to correct them, which is a work that has hitherto been assumed by the least qualified hands. Jonathan Swift.


  1. hitherto

    Sunburst and Snowblind is an EP by Scottish alternative rock band Cocteau Twins. It was released on 18 November 1983 through the label 4AD. The EP features "Sugar Hiccup" from the album Head over Heels, as well as three other tracks. The title is taken from the first line in the opening track of Head Over Heels, "When Mama Was Moth". "From the Flagstones" and "Hitherto" were later included on the 1986 compilation album The Pink Opaque, and the entire EP was included on in 1991's The Box Set. All songs except "Because of Whirl-Jack" have been performed live. Unlike many Cocteau Twins songs, "Sugar Hiccup" and "From the Flagstones" have discernible English lyrics. The EP was later reissued as an appendage to the CD version of Head Over Heels in the United Kingdom, Brazil and Canada.


  1. hitherto

    Hitherto is an adverb that means until now or until a given point in time. It is typically used to indicate that something was true or valid up to the present moment or the point in time just mentioned.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Hithertoadverb

    to this place; to a prescribed limit

  2. Hithertoadverb

    up to this time; as yet; until now

British National Corpus

  1. Adverbs Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'hitherto' in Adverbs Frequency: #340

How to pronounce hitherto?

How to say hitherto in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of hitherto in Chaldean Numerology is: 6

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of hitherto in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4

Examples of hitherto in a Sentence

  1. C. C. Colton:

    Men of strong minds and who think for themselves, should not be discouraged on finding occasionally that some of their best ideas have been anticipated by former writers; they will neither anathematize others nor despair themselves. They will rather go on discovering things before discovered, until they are rewarded with a land hitherto unknown, an empire indisputably their own, both right of conquest and of discovery.

  2. D. H. Lawrence:

    I believe that a man is converted when first he hears the low, vast murmur of life, of human life, troubling his hitherto unconscious self.

  3. Aldous Huxley:

    We are living now, not in the delicious intoxication induced by the early successes of science, but in a rather grisly morning-after, when it has become apparent that what triumphant science has done hitherto is to improve the means for achieving unimproved or actually deteriorated ends.

  4. Evelyn Waugh:

    If, for instance, they have heard something from the postman, they attribute it to a semi-official statement; if they have fallen into conversation with a stranger at a bar, they can conscientiously describe him as a source that has hitherto proved unimpeachable. It is only when the journalist is reporting a whim of his own, and one to which he attaches minor importance, that he defines it as the opinion of well-informed circles.

  5. Neil Passmore:

    Iran absolutely has world class mining assets, which have hitherto been shrouded from investors, but we're in the depths of one of the darkest, worst downturns in mining for some time.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for hitherto

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • حتى الآنArabic
  • досегаBulgarian
  • až dosud, doposudCzech
  • hidtilDanish
  • bisher, bis dahin, bislang, bis datoGerman
  • hasta ahora, hasta aquí, en ese entonces, hasta este momentoSpanish
  • siihen mennessä, sitä ennen, tähän mennessä, aiemminFinnish
  • higartilFaroese
  • jusqu'ici, jusqu'à maintenant, jusqu'à présent, jusqu'alorsFrench
  • thuige seoScottish Gaelic
  • עד כהHebrew
  • eddig, addigHungarian
  • finoraItalian
  • これまで, これまでのところ, 今までJapanese
  • 여태Korean
  • adhūc, hucusque, hactenus, illatenusLatin
  • досегаMacedonian
  • tot nu toe, tot dan toe, tot dusver, tot hiertoe, tot dusverreDutch
  • hittilNorwegian
  • dotychczas, dotądPolish
  • [[até]] [[agora]]/[[então]]Portuguese
  • până acum, până în acest momentRomanian
  • прежде, до сих пор, пока что, пока, доныне, на настоящий момент, на данный момент, поднесьRussian
  • dòsada, dòtad, dòsad, dòtadaSerbo-Croatian
  • do zdajSlovene
  • dittills, hittillsSwedish
  • అప్పటివరకు, ఇప్పటివరకుTelugu
  • o ana kadarTurkish
  • اب تکUrdu

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"hitherto." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 2 Dec. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/hitherto>.

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    warn strongly; put on guard
    • A. exacerbate
    • B. descant
    • C. aberrate
    • D. monish

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