a history of a word
the study of the sources and development of words
The study of the historical development of languages, particularly as manifested in individual words.
An account of the origin and historical development of a word.
that branch of philological science which treats of the history of words, tracing out their origin, primitive significance, and changes of form and meaning
that part of grammar which relates to the changes in the form of the words in a language; inflection
Origin: [L.etymologia, Gr. 'etymologi`a; 'e`tymon etymon + lo`gos discourse, description: cf. F. tymologie. See Etymon, and -logy.]
Etymology is the study of the history of words, their origins, and how their form and meaning have changed over time. By an extension, the term "the etymology of [a word]" means the origin of the particular word. For languages with a long written history, etymologists make use of texts in these languages and texts about the languages to gather knowledge about how words were used during earlier periods of their history and when they entered the languages in question. Etymologists also apply the methods of comparative linguistics to reconstruct information about languages that are too old for any direct information to be available. By analyzing related languages with a technique known as the comparative method, linguists can make inferences about their shared parent language and its vocabulary. In this way, word roots have been found that can be traced all the way back to the origin of, for instance, the Indo-European language family. Even though etymological research originally grew from the philological tradition, currently much etymological research is done on language families where little or no early documentation is available, such as Uralic and Austronesian. The word etymology is derived from the Greek etymon, meaning true sense and the suffix -logia, denoting the study of.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
et-i-mol′o-ji, n. the investigation of the derivation and original signification of words: the science that treats of the origin and history of words: the part of grammar relating to inflection.—adjs. Etym′ic; Etymolog′ical.—adv. Etymolog′ically.—ns. Etymolog′icon, -cum, an etymological dictionary.—v.t. Etymol′ogise, to give, or search into, the etymology of a word.—ns. Etymol′ogist, one skilled in or who writes on etymology; Et′ymon, the origin of a word: an original root: the genuine or literal sense of a word. [O. Fr.,—L.,—Gr. etymos, true, logia, an account.]
The numerical value of etymology in Chaldean Numerology is: 8
The numerical value of etymology in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2
Sample Sentences & Example Usage
Names, once they are in common use, quickly become mere sounds, their etymology being buried, like so many of the earth's marvels, beneath the dust of habit.
Etymology, n.: Some early etymological scholars come up with derivations that were hard for the public to believe. The term "etymology" was formed from the Latin "etus" ("eaten"), the root "mal" ("bad"), and "logy" ("study of"). It meant "the study of things that are hard to swallow."
Images & Illustrations of etymology
Translations for etymology
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- تأثيل, إشتقاقArabic
- etimologiaCatalan, Valencian
- ετυμολογία, ετυμολόγησηGreek
- etimo, etimologio, vortodevenoEsperanto
- ریشهشناسی, علم اشتقاق لغاتPersian
- व्युत्पत्ति, व्युत्पत्तिशास्त्रHindi
- etimológia, szófejtésHungarian
- orðsifjafræði, orðsifjarIcelandic
- 語源, 語源学Japanese
- និរុត្តិសាស្ត្រ, ដើមកំណើតពាក្យKhmer
- ಪದದ ಹಿನ್ನೆಲೆKannada
- 어원학, 어원, 語源, 語源學Korean
- व्युत्पत्ती, व्युत्पत्तीशास्त्रMarathi
- etymologie, woordherkomstDutch
- bizhiʼígííNavajo, Navaho
- etymologia, źródłosłówPolish
- етимологија, etimologijaSerbo-Croatian
- köken bilimi, etimolojiTurkish
- từ nguyên, 詞源, từ nguyên học, 詞源學Vietnamese
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