What does escheat mean?
Definitions for escheat
This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word escheat.
a reversion to the state (as the ultimate owner of property) in the absence of legal heirs
the property that reverts to the state
The return of property of a deceased person to the state (originally to a feudal lord) where there are no legal heirs or claimants.
The property so reverted.
to revert by this process
Samuel Johnson's Dictionary
Any lands, or other profits, that fall to a lord within his manor by forfeiture, or the death of his tenant, dying without heir general or especial. Escheat is also used sometimes for the place in which the king, or other lord, has escheats of his tenants. Thirdly, escheat is used for a writ, which lies where the tenant, having estate of fee-simple in any lands or tenements holden of a superiour lord, dies seised, without heir general or especial; for, in this case, the lord brings this writ against him that possesses the lands after the death of his tenant, and shall thereby recover them. John Cowell
Etymology: from the French eschevir.
If the king’s ordinary courts of justice do not extend to protect the people, if he have no certain revenue or escheats, I cannot justly say that such a country is wholly conquered. John Davies, on Ireland.
To fall to the lord of the manor by forfeiture, or for want of heirs.
Etymology: from the noun.
In the last general wars there, I knew many good freeholders executed by martial law, whose lands were thereby saved to their heirs, which should have otherwise escheated to her majesty. Edmund Spenser, on Ireland.
He would forbear to alienate any of the forfeited escheated lands in Ireland, which should accrue to the crown by reason of this rebellion. Edward Hyde.
Escheat is a common law doctrine that transfers the real property of a person who has died without heirs to the crown or state. It serves to ensure that property is not left in "limbo" without recognized ownership. It originally applied to a number of situations where a legal interest in land was destroyed by operation of law, so that the ownership of the land reverted to the immediately superior feudal lord.
the falling back or reversion of lands, by some casualty or accident, to the lord of the fee, in consequence of the extinction of the blood of the tenant, which may happen by his dying without heirs, and formerly might happen by corruption of blood, that is, by reason of a felony or attainder
the reverting of real property to the State, as original and ultimate proprietor, by reason of a failure of persons legally entitled to hold the same
a writ, now abolished, to recover escheats from the person in possession
lands which fall to the lord or the State by escheat
that which falls to one; a reversion or return
to revert, or become forfeited, to the lord, the crown, or the State, as lands by the failure of persons entitled to hold the same, or by forfeiture
Etymology: [OE. eschete, escheyte, an escheat, fr. OF. escheit, escheoit, escheeite, esheoite, fr. escheoir (F. choir) to fall to, fall to the lot of; pref. es- (L. ex) + cheoir, F. choir, to fall, fr. L. cadere. See Chance, and cf. Cheat.]
Escheat is a common law doctrine which transfers the property of a person who dies without heirs to the crown or state. It serves to ensure that property is not left in "limbo" without recognized ownership. It originally applied to a number of situations where a legal interest in land was destroyed by operation of law, so that the ownership of the land reverted to the immediately superior feudal lord.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
es-chēt′, n. property which falls to the state for want of an heir, or by forfeiture: (Spens.) plunder.—v.t. to confiscate.—v.i. to fall to the lord of the manor or the state.—adj. Escheat′able.—ns. Escheat′age; Escheat′or. [O. Fr. eschete—escheoir (Fr. échoir)—Low L.,—L. ex, out, cadĕre, to fall.]
Anagrams for escheat »
The numerical value of escheat in Chaldean Numerology is: 8
The numerical value of escheat in Pythagorean Numerology is: 7
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