What does consume mean?

Definitions for consume

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word consume.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. devour, down, consume, go throughverb

    eat immoderately

    "Some people can down a pound of meat in the course of one meal"

  2. consume, ingest, take in, take, haveverb

    serve oneself to, or consume regularly

    "Have another bowl of chicken soup!"; "I don't take sugar in my coffee"

  3. consume, squander, waste, wareverb

    spend extravagantly

    "waste not, want not"

  4. consumeverb

    destroy completely

    "The fire consumed the building"

  5. consume, eat up, use up, eat, deplete, exhaust, run through, wipe outverb

    use up (resources or materials)

    "this car consumes a lot of gas"; "We exhausted our savings"; "They run through 20 bottles of wine a week"

  6. consumeverb

    engage fully

    "The effort to pass the exam consumed all his energy"


  1. consumeverb

    To use.

    The power plant consumes 30 tons of coal per hour.

  2. consumeverb

    To eat.

    Baby birds consume their own weight in food each day.

  3. consumeverb

    To occupy (one's attention or thoughts).

    Desire consumed him.

  4. consumeverb

    To destroy completely.

    The building was consumed by fire.

  5. Etymology: From consumere.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. To CONSUMEverb

    To waste; to spend; to destroy.

    Etymology: consume, Latin.

    Where two raging fires meet together,
    They do consume the thing that feeds their fury. William Shakespeare.

    Thou shalt carry much seed out into the field, and shalt gather but little in; for the locusts shall consume it. Deut. xxviii.

    Thus in soft anguish she consumes the day,
    Nor quits her deep retirement. James Thomson, Spring.

  2. To Consumeverb

    To waste away; to be exhausted.

    These violent delights have violent ends,
    And in their triumph die; like fire and powder,
    Which, as they meet, consume. William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Consumeverb

    to destroy, as by decomposition, dissipation, waste, or fire; to use up; to expend; to waste; to burn up; to eat up; to devour

  2. Consumeverb

    to waste away slowly

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Consume

    kon-sūm′, v.t. to destroy by wasting, fire, evaporation, &c.: to use up: to devour: to waste or spend: to exhaust.—v.i. to waste away.—adj. Consum′able.—adv. Consum′edly, exceedingly—originally a fantastic variant of confoundedly, and prob. influenced in meaning by consummately.—ns. Consum′er, as opposed to producer, he who uses an article produced; Consum′ing, wasting or destroying. [L. consum-ĕre, to destroy—con, sig. completeness, sum-ĕre, sumptum, to take.]

Matched Categories

British National Corpus

  1. Verbs Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'consume' in Verbs Frequency: #738

How to pronounce consume?

How to say consume in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of consume in Chaldean Numerology is: 6

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of consume in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9

Examples of consume in a Sentence

  1. Ginger Hultin:

    Studies show that people will consume more at meals when they're including alcohol or have been drinking before the meal.

  2. Sonu Tanwar:

    We do not consume any muscle enhancing supplements.

  3. Meryl Johnson:

    There is a relevant authenticity to content created on TikTok, social media has transformed how fans consume content, and TikTok is the next evolution of that.

  4. National Coffee Association:

    For many years, the world grew more coffee than Sustainable Harvest Coffee Importers drank, but the US Department of Agriculture forecasts that this year Sustainable Harvest Coffee Importers'll consume more coffee than farmers grow, sustainable Harvest Coffee Importers don't expect current conditions to change coffee's status as America's favorite beverage.

  5. Severin Meiland:

    If everyone made just one song, or wrote only one book, or made only one movie, then we would have (as of today) about seven billion songs/books/movies to enjoy. Not all of them would be great, in fact most of them would be really bad, but from the wast quantity, quality would appear, and the world and the human race would be better for it. Don't just consume songs/books/movies, but contribute and participate, to make a better world for everyone.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for consume

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

Get even more translations for consume »


Find a translation for the consume definition in other languages:

Select another language:

  • - Select -
  • 简体中文 (Chinese - Simplified)
  • 繁體中文 (Chinese - Traditional)
  • Español (Spanish)
  • Esperanto (Esperanto)
  • 日本語 (Japanese)
  • Português (Portuguese)
  • Deutsch (German)
  • العربية (Arabic)
  • Français (French)
  • Русский (Russian)
  • ಕನ್ನಡ (Kannada)
  • 한국어 (Korean)
  • עברית (Hebrew)
  • Gaeilge (Irish)
  • Українська (Ukrainian)
  • اردو (Urdu)
  • Magyar (Hungarian)
  • मानक हिन्दी (Hindi)
  • Indonesia (Indonesian)
  • Italiano (Italian)
  • தமிழ் (Tamil)
  • Türkçe (Turkish)
  • తెలుగు (Telugu)
  • ภาษาไทย (Thai)
  • Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese)
  • Čeština (Czech)
  • Polski (Polish)
  • Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian)
  • Românește (Romanian)
  • Nederlands (Dutch)
  • Ελληνικά (Greek)
  • Latinum (Latin)
  • Svenska (Swedish)
  • Dansk (Danish)
  • Suomi (Finnish)
  • فارسی (Persian)
  • ייִדיש (Yiddish)
  • հայերեն (Armenian)
  • Norsk (Norwegian)
  • English (English)

Word of the Day

Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?

Please enter your email address:

Discuss these consume definitions with the community:



    Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:


    "consume." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 30 Jan. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/consume>.

    Are we missing a good definition for consume? Don't keep it to yourself...

    Browse Definitions.net

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Chrome

    Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Firefox

    Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!


    Are you a words master?

    an onerous or difficult concern
    • A. encumbrance
    • B. hodgepodge
    • C. breastwork
    • D. nitrile

    Nearby & related entries:

    Alternative searches for consume: