What does committee of public safety mean?

Definitions for committee of public safety
com·mit·tee of pub·lic safe·ty

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word committee of public safety.


  1. Committee of Public Safety

    The Committee of Public Safety, created in April 1793 by the National Convention and then restructured in July 1793, formed the de facto executive government in France during the Reign of Terror, a stage of the French Revolution. The Committee of Public Safety succeeded the previous Committee of General Defence and assumed its role of protecting the newly established republic against foreign attacks and internal rebellion. As a wartime measure, the Committee — composed at first of nine, and later of twelve members — was given broad supervisory powers over military, judicial, and legislative efforts. It was formed as an administrative body to supervise and expedite the work of the executive bodies of the Convention and of the government ministers appointed by the Convention. As the Committee tried to meet the dangers of a coalition of European nations and counter-revolutionary forces within the country, it became more and more powerful. In July 1793, following the defeat at the Convention of the moderate Republicans, or Girondists, the prominent leaders of the radical Jacobins — Maximilien Robespierre, Saint-Just, and Georges Couthon — were added to the Committee. The power of the Committee peaked under the leadership of Robespierre between August 1793 and July 1794. In December 1793 the Convention formally conferred the entire power of government on the Committee. Originally, the committee was made up of nine members. Later, with the three Jacobins, this became twelve. Although the powers of the committee were renewed monthly by the National Convention from April 1793 to July 1794, the three Jacobin leaders succeeded in exerting its influence among the delegates. This made the committee the center of power in the country. Under cover of this power, Robespierre eliminated his rivals and established a virtual dictatorship. To defend France and suppress internal uprisings, Robespierre and the Committee raised fourteen armies, while to ensure supplies the Committee instituted a partial system of capped prices and fixed wages. To repress domestic opposition, it instituted the Reign of Terror, in which those deemed enemies of the revolution were executed with the guillotine.

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Committee of Public Safety

    a committee of nine created by the French Convention, April 6, 1793, to concentrate the power of the executive, "the conscience of Marat, who could see salvation in one thing only, in the fall of 260,000 aristocrats' heads"; notable, therefore, for its excesses in that line; was not suppressed till Oct. 19, 1796, on the advent of the Directory to power.

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of committee of public safety in Chaldean Numerology is: 7

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of committee of public safety in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2

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  1. committee of public safetycommittee of public safetycommittee of public safetycommittee of public safetycommittee of public safety

Translations for committee of public safety

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • comitato di pubblica sicurezzaItalian

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    a central point or locus of an infection in an organism
    • A. swag
    • B. nidus
    • C. arbalist
    • D. meerschaum

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