A castle is a type of fortified structure built during the Middle Ages predominantly by the nobility or royalty and by military orders. Scholars debate the scope of the word castle, but usually consider it to be the private fortified residence of a lord or noble. This is distinct from a palace, which is not fortified; from a fortress, which was not always a residence for royalty or nobility; from a pleasance which was a walled-in residence for nobility, but not adequately fortified; and from a fortified settlement, which was a public defence – though there are many similarities among these types of construction. Use of the term has varied over time and has also been applied to structures such as hill forts and 19th- and 20th-century homes built to resemble castles. Over the approximately 900 years when genuine castles were built, they took on a great many forms with many different features, although some, such as curtain walls, arrowslits, and portcullises, were commonplace. European-style castles originated in the 9th and 10th centuries, after the fall of the Carolingian Empire resulted in its territory being divided among individual lords and princes. These nobles built castles to control the area immediately surrounding them and the castles were both offensive and defensive structures; they provided a base from which raids could be launched as well as offered protection from enemies. Although their military origins are often emphasised in castle studies, the structures also served as centres of administration and symbols of power. Urban castles were used to control the local populace and important travel routes, and rural castles were often situated near features that were integral to life in the community, such as mills, fertile land, or a water source. Many northern European castles were originally built from earth and timber, but had their defences replaced later by stone. Early castles often exploited natural defences, lacking features such as towers and arrowslits and relying on a central keep. In the late 12th and early 13th centuries, a scientific approach to castle defence emerged. This led to the proliferation of towers, with an emphasis on flanking fire. Many new castles were polygonal or relied on concentric defence – several stages of defence within each other that could all function at the same time to maximise the castle's firepower. These changes in defence have been attributed to a mixture of castle technology from the Crusades, such as concentric fortification, and inspiration from earlier defences, such as Roman forts. Not all the elements of castle architecture were military in nature, so that devices such as moats evolved from their original purpose of defence into symbols of power. Some grand castles had long winding approaches intended to impress and dominate their landscape. Although gunpowder was introduced to Europe in the 14th century, it did not significantly affect castle building until the 15th century, when artillery became powerful enough to break through stone walls. While castles continued to be built well into the 16th century, new techniques to deal with improved cannon fire made them uncomfortable and undesirable places to live. As a result, true castles went into decline and were replaced by artillery forts with no role in civil administration, and country houses that were indefensible. From the 18th century onwards, there was a renewed interest in castles with the construction of mock castles, part of a romantic revival of Gothic architecture, but they had no military purpose.
Castles is a video game developed by Quicksilver and published by Interplay Entertainment in 1991 and 1992. The game involves the construction of a series of castles in Wales and the Welsh Marches during the 11th century. Castles was quickly followed by an expansion, Castles: The Northern Campaign, and a sequel, Castles II: Siege and Conquest.
Military Dictionary and Gazetteer
In heraldry, castles are often given as charges in the shields of persons who have reduced them, or been the first to mount their walls in an assault.
Surnames Frequency by Census Records
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Castles is ranked #27950 in terms of the most common surnames in America.
The Castles surname appeared 858 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 0 would have the surname Castles.
93.8% or 805 total occurrences were White.
3.7% or 32 total occurrences were of Hispanic origin.
0.9% or 8 total occurrences were Black.
0.8% or 7 total occurrences were of two or more races.
The numerical value of castles in Chaldean Numerology is: 4
The numerical value of castles in Pythagorean Numerology is: 7
Building castles in the air, and making yourself a laughing-stock.
I must say the biggest lesson you can learn in life, or teach your children, is that life is not castles in the skies, happily ever after. The biggest lesson we have to give our children is truth.
I think Georgia is just going to explode onto the radar next year, we're talking about 500 varietals of grapes, the origin of wine production in the world, stunning mountains, powder snow, castles and food that's just over the top.
If you have built castles in the air, your work need not be lost that is where they should be. Now put the foundations under them.
I think everyone wants it to work because Prince Harry is adored around the world, he’s the little boy who lost his mother at 12. He was a slightly off the rails teenager who became a war hero fighting on the frontlines… We want the fairy tale, which has had some tragic lows across the last 30-40 years. The overriding message of the documentary is 'fingers crossed.' Meghan Markle with Prince Harry after their engagement announcement. (Reuters) But those in the documentary warned that this world is not without its pitfalls, Bullen said. You marry into a world that’s diamonds and furs and castles and servants and literally knights in shining armor. But it all comes with a price. Are you ready to pay that price?
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"castles." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 11 Dec. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/castles>.