What does cardiac tamponade mean?

Definitions for cardiac tamponade
car·diac tam·pon·ade

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word cardiac tamponade.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. cardiac tamponadenoun

    mechanical compression of the heart resulting from large amounts of fluid collecting in the pericardial space and limiting the heart's normal range of motion


  1. cardiac tamponadenoun

    a condition in which fluid accumulates in the pericardium


  1. Cardiac tamponade

    Cardiac tamponade, also known as pericardial tamponade (), is a compression of the heart due to pericardial effusion (the build-up of pericardial fluid in the sac around the heart. Onset may be rapid or gradual. Symptoms typically include those of obstructive shock including shortness of breath, weakness, lightheadedness, and cough. Other symptoms may relate to the underlying cause.Common causes of cardiac tamponade include cancer, kidney failure, chest trauma, myocardial infarction, and pericarditis. Other causes include connective tissues diseases, hypothyroidism, aortic rupture, autoimmune disease, and complications of cardiac surgery. In Africa, tuberculosis is a relatively common cause.Diagnosis may be suspected based on low blood pressure, jugular venous distension, or quiet heart sounds (together known as Beck's triad). A pericardial rub may be present in cases due to inflammation. The diagnosis may be further supported by specific electrocardiogram (ECG) changes, chest X-ray, or an ultrasound of the heart. If fluid increases slowly the pericardial sac can expand to contain more than 2 liters; however, if the increase is rapid, as little as 200 mL can result in tamponade.Tamponade is a medical emergency. When it results in symptoms, drainage is necessary. This can be done by pericardiocentesis, surgery to create a pericardial window, or a pericardiectomy. Drainage may also be necessary to rule out infection or cancer. Other treatments may include the use of dobutamine or in those with low blood volume, intravenous fluids. Those with few symptoms and no worrisome features can often be closely followed. The frequency of tamponade is unclear. One estimate from the United States places it at 2 per 10,000 per year.


  1. cardiac tamponade

    Cardiac tamponade is a serious medical condition where fluid accumulates in the pericardium, the sac surrounding the heart. This excessive fluid buildup results in an increased pressure on the heart, which impacts its ability to pump blood effectively. It's considered as a medical emergency and, if left untreated, it can lead to organ failure, cardiac arrest or even death. The condition can be caused by various factors such as heart surgery, chest trauma, cancer, pericarditis, and others.


  1. Cardiac tamponade

    Cardiac tamponade, also known as pericardial tamponade, is an acute type of pericardial effusion in which fluid accumulates in the pericardium. Cardiac tamponade is pressure on the heart muscle which occurs when the pericardial space fills up with fluid faster than the pericardial sac can stretch. If the amount of fluid increases slowly the pericardial sac can expand to contain a liter or more of fluid prior to tamponade occurring. If the fluid occurs rapidly as little as 100 ml can cause tamponade. Causes of increased pericardial effusion include hypothyroidism, physical trauma, pericarditis, iatrogenic trauma, and myocardial rupture. One of the most common cause is after heart surgery, when post operative bleeding fails to be cleared by clogged chest tubes. Cardiac tamponade is caused by a large or uncontrolled pericardial effusion, i.e. the buildup of fluid inside the pericardium. This commonly occurs as a result of chest trauma, but can also be caused by myocardial rupture, cancer, uraemia, pericarditis, or cardiac surgery, and rarely occurs during retrograde aortic dissection, or whilst the patient is taking anticoagulant therapy. The effusion can occur rapidly, or over a more gradual period of time. The fluid involved is often blood, but pus is also found in some circumstances.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Cardiac Tamponade

    Compression of the heart by accumulated fluid (PERICARDIAL EFFUSION) or blood (HEMOPERICARDIUM) in the PERICARDIUM surrounding the heart. The affected cardiac functions and CARDIAC OUTPUT can range from minimal to total hemodynamic collapse.

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of cardiac tamponade in Chaldean Numerology is: 9

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of cardiac tamponade in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2

Translations for cardiac tamponade

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • καρδιακό ταμπόνGreek
  • کارڈٹی ٹیمپونڈUrdu

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"cardiac tamponade." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 30 Nov. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/cardiac+tamponade>.

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    relating to a technique that does not involve puncturing the skin or entering a body cavity
    • A. noninvasive
    • B. aligned
    • C. tight
    • D. witless

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