What does bruise mean?

Definitions for bruise

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word bruise.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. bruise, contusion(verb)

    an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration

  2. bruise, contuse(verb)

    injure the underlying soft tissue or bone of

    "I bruised my knee"

  3. hurt, wound, injure, bruise, offend, spite(verb)

    hurt the feelings of

    "She hurt me when she did not include me among her guests"; "This remark really bruised my ego"

  4. bruise(verb)

    break up into small pieces for food preparation

    "bruise the berries with a wooden spoon and strain them"

  5. bruise(verb)

    damage (plant tissue) by abrasion or pressure

    "The customer bruised the strawberries by squeezing them"


  1. bruise(Noun)

    A purplish mark on the skin due to leakage of blood from capillaries under the surface that have been damaged by a blow.

  2. bruise(Noun)

    A dark mark on fruit caused by a blow to its surface.

  3. bruise(Verb)

    To strike (a person), originally with something flat or heavy, but now specifically in such a way as to discolour the skin without breaking it.

  4. bruise(Verb)

    To damage the skin of (fruit), in an analogous way.

  5. bruise(Verb)

    Of fruit, to gain bruises through being handled roughly.

    Bananas bruise easily.

  6. bruise(Verb)

    To bruise easily.

    I bruise easily.

  7. Origin: From bruisen, brusen, from bruiser, bruser ‘to break, smash’, from (compare Old Irish brúu ‘I shatter, smash’), from bʰreus- ‘to break’ (compare Latin frustum ‘bit, scrap’, Old Church Slavic бръснути ‘to rake’, Albanian breshër ‘hail’).

Webster Dictionary

  1. Bruise(verb)

    to injure, as by a blow or collision, without laceration; to contuse; as, to bruise one's finger with a hammer; to bruise the bark of a tree with a stone; to bruise an apple by letting it fall

  2. Bruise(verb)

    to break; as in a mortar; to bray, as minerals, roots, etc.; to crush

  3. Bruise(verb)

    to fight with the fists; to box

  4. Bruise(noun)

    an injury to the flesh of animals, or to plants, fruit, etc., with a blunt or heavy instrument, or by collision with some other body; a contusion; as, a bruise on the head; bruises on fruit


  1. Bruise

    A bruise, also called a contusion, is a type of hematoma of tissue in which capillaries and sometimes venules are damaged by trauma, allowing blood to seep, hemorrhage, or extravasate into the surrounding interstitial tissues. Not blanching on pressure, bruises can involve capillaries at the level of skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle, or bone. Bruises are not to be confused with other lesions primarily known by their diameter. These lesions include petechia, purpura, and ecchymosis, all of which also do not blanch on pressure, and are caused by internal bleeding not associated with trauma. As a type of hematoma, a bruise is always caused by internal bleeding into the interstitial tissues which does not break through the skin, usually initiated by blunt trauma, which causes damage through physical compression and deceleration forces. Trauma sufficient to cause bruising can occur from a wide variety of situations including accidents, falls, and surgeries. Disease states such as insufficient or malfunctioning platelets, other coagulation deficiencies, or vascular disorders, such as venous blockage associated with severe allergies can lead to the formation of purpura which is not to be confused with trauma-related bruising/contusion. If the trauma is sufficient to break the skin and allow blood to escape the interstitial tissues, the injury is not a bruise but instead a different variety of hemorrhage called bleeding. However, such injuries may be accompanied by bruising elsewhere.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Bruise

    brōōz, v.t. to crush by beating or pounding: to oppress: to box or fight with the fists: to ride recklessly in hunting, careless alike of horse and crops: to reduce to small fragments.—n. a wound made by anything heavy and blunt.—p.adj. Bruised, hurt by a heavy blow, with skin crushed and discoloured.—n. Bruis′er, one that bruises: a boxer.—p.adj. Bruis′ing, boxing. [A.S. brýsan, to crush, with which, says Dr Murray, afterwards coalesced Fr. brisie-r; bruisier, bruser, to break.]

Anagrams for bruise »

  1. busier

  2. rubies

  3. buries

How to pronounce bruise?

  1. Alex
    US English

How to say bruise in sign language?

  1. bruise


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of bruise in Chaldean Numerology is: 1

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of bruise in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2

Examples of bruise in a Sentence

  1. George R.R. Martin:

    A bruise is a lesson... and each lesson makes us better.

  2. Melissa Doft:

    It’s fast and it’s easy, you really don’t bruise from it.

  3. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow:

    A torn jacket is soon mended but hard words bruise the heart of a child.

  4. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow:

    A torn jacket is soon mended; but hard words bruise the heart of a child.

  5. The Rev. Jesse Jackson:

    We were absolutely surprised at the video, there were 50 bruise marks all over his body. They beat him.

Images & Illustrations of bruise

  1. bruisebruisebruisebruisebruise

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Translations for bruise

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • كدمةArabic
  • сіня́кBelarusian
  • синка, натъртвам, натъртвам се, натъртено мястоBulgarian
  • blauCatalan, Valencian
  • modřina, podlitina, otlouct seCzech
  • clais, briwWelsh
  • Bluterguss, blauer FleckGerman
  • μωλωπίζομαιGreek
  • kontuzoEsperanto
  • moretón, salirse moratones, mazar, cardenal, moretonearse, magullar, machacar, moratón, magullarse, maca, amoratarse, estropearseSpanish
  • mukiloida, saada, mustelma, hakata, kolhiintua, kolhiaFinnish
  • talure, bleu, cotissure, contusionner, se cotir, meurtrir, s'abîmer, se faire un bleu, cotir, se taler, contusion, meurtrissure, ecchymose, talerFrench
  • pronnadhScottish Gaelic
  • mazadura, negrón, hematomaGalician
  • horzsolás, zúzódás, ütődésHungarian
  • կապտուկArmenian
  • livido, ammaccaturaItalian
  • あざJapanese
  • დალურჯებული ადგილიGeorgian
  • мо́дринкаMacedonian
  • хөхрүүлэхMongolian
  • rotte plek, [[blauwe]] [[plek]], slaan, beurze plekDutch
  • siniakPolish
  • hematoma, roxoPortuguese
  • julitură, zgâriaRomanian
  • кровоподтёк, мять, поби́тость, ушиби́ться, помя́ть, мя́ться, ушиба́ть, уши́б, помя́ться, ушиби́ть, ушиба́ться, помя́тость, синя́к, подби́тостьRussian
  • ма̀сница, мо̀дрица, màsnica, mòdricaSerbo-Croatian
  • modrina, podliatina, šinkaSlovak
  • modricaSlovene
  • fläck, blåmärkeSwedish
  • chubukoSwahili
  • синя́кUkrainian

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"bruise." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2019. Web. 22 Jul 2019. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/bruise>.

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