Definitions for bruise
This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word bruise.
an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration
injure the underlying soft tissue or bone of
"I bruised my knee"
hurt, wound, injure, bruise, offend, spiteverb
hurt the feelings of
"She hurt me when she did not include me among her guests"; "This remark really bruised my ego"
break up into small pieces for food preparation
"bruise the berries with a wooden spoon and strain them"
damage (plant tissue) by abrasion or pressure
"The customer bruised the strawberries by squeezing them"
A purplish mark on the skin due to leakage of blood from capillaries under the surface that have been damaged by a blow.
A dark mark on fruit caused by a blow to its surface.
To strike (a person), originally with something flat or heavy, but now specifically in such a way as to discolour the skin without breaking it.
To damage the skin of (fruit), in an analogous way.
Of fruit, to gain bruises through being handled roughly.
Bananas bruise easily.
To bruise easily.
I bruise easily.
Etymology: From bruisen, brusen, from bruiser, bruser ‘to break, smash’, from (compare Old Irish brúu ‘I shatter, smash’), from bʰreus- ‘to break’ (compare Latin frustum ‘bit, scrap’, Old Church Slavic бръснути ‘to rake’, Albanian breshër ‘hail’).
Samuel Johnson's Dictionary
A hurt with something blunt and heavy.
Etymology: from the verb.
One arm’d with metal, th’ other with wood,
This fit for bruise, and that for blood. Hudibras.
I since have labour’d
To bind the bruises of a civil war,
And stop the issues of their wasting blood. Dryden.
To crush or mangle with the heavy blow of something not edged or pointed; to crush by any weight; to beat into gross powder; to beat together coarsely.
Etymology: briser, Fr.
Fellows in arms, and my most loving friends,
Bruis’d underneath the yoke of tyranny. William Shakespeare, R. III.
And fix far deeper in his head their stings,
Than temporal death shall bruise the victor’s heel,
Or theirs whom he redeems. Par. Lost, b. xii. l. 433.
As in old chaos heav’n with earth confus’d,
And stars with rocks together crush’d and bruis’d. Edmund Waller.
They beat their breasts with many a bruising blow,
Till they turn’d livid, and corrupt the snow. John Dryden, Fab.
A bruise, also known as a contusion, is a type of hematoma of tissue, the most common cause being capillaries damaged by trauma, causing localized bleeding that extravasates into the surrounding interstitial tissues. Most bruises are not very deep under the skin so that the bleeding causes a visible discoloration. The bruise then remains visible until the blood is either absorbed by tissues or cleared by immune system action. Bruises which do not blanch under pressure can involve capillaries at the level of skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle, or bone. Bruises are not to be confused with other similar-looking lesions. (Such lesions include petechia (less than 3 mm (0.12 in), resulting from numerous and diverse etiologies such as adverse reactions from medications such as warfarin, straining, asphyxiation, platelet disorders and diseases such as cytomegalovirus), purpura (3–100 mm (0.12–3.94 in), classified as palpable purpura or non-palpable purpura and indicates various pathologic conditions such as thrombocytopenia), and ecchymosis (more than 1 cm (0.39 in), caused by blood dissecting through tissue planes and settled in an area remote from the site of trauma or pathology such as periorbital ecchymosis, e.g. "raccoon eyes", arising from a basilar skull fracture or from a neuroblastoma).) As a type of hematoma, a bruise is always caused by internal bleeding into the interstitial tissues which does not break through the skin, usually initiated by blunt trauma, which causes damage through physical compression and deceleration forces. Trauma sufficient to cause bruising can occur from a wide variety of situations including accidents, falls, and surgeries. Disease states such as insufficient or malfunctioning platelets, other coagulation deficiencies, or vascular disorders, such as venous blockage associated with severe allergies can lead to the formation of purpura which is not to be confused with trauma-related bruising/contusion. If the trauma is sufficient to break the skin and allow blood to escape the interstitial tissues, the injury is not a bruise but bleeding, a different variety of hemorrhage. Such injuries may be accompanied by bruising elsewhere.
A bruise is a discoloration or mark on the skin caused by an injury such as a blow or bump, which results in bleeding under the surface. It's a kind of minor hematoma typically presenting as a blue, purple, green, or yellow spot on the skin that is often tender or painful. Over time as the body heals, the bruise will typically change color and fade away entirely.
to injure, as by a blow or collision, without laceration; to contuse; as, to bruise one's finger with a hammer; to bruise the bark of a tree with a stone; to bruise an apple by letting it fall
to break; as in a mortar; to bray, as minerals, roots, etc.; to crush
to fight with the fists; to box
an injury to the flesh of animals, or to plants, fruit, etc., with a blunt or heavy instrument, or by collision with some other body; a contusion; as, a bruise on the head; bruises on fruit
A bruise, also called a contusion, is a type of hematoma of tissue in which capillaries and sometimes venules are damaged by trauma, allowing blood to seep, hemorrhage, or extravasate into the surrounding interstitial tissues. Not blanching on pressure, bruises can involve capillaries at the level of skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle, or bone. Bruises are not to be confused with other lesions primarily known by their diameter. These lesions include petechia, purpura, and ecchymosis, all of which also do not blanch on pressure, and are caused by internal bleeding not associated with trauma. As a type of hematoma, a bruise is always caused by internal bleeding into the interstitial tissues which does not break through the skin, usually initiated by blunt trauma, which causes damage through physical compression and deceleration forces. Trauma sufficient to cause bruising can occur from a wide variety of situations including accidents, falls, and surgeries. Disease states such as insufficient or malfunctioning platelets, other coagulation deficiencies, or vascular disorders, such as venous blockage associated with severe allergies can lead to the formation of purpura which is not to be confused with trauma-related bruising/contusion. If the trauma is sufficient to break the skin and allow blood to escape the interstitial tissues, the injury is not a bruise but instead a different variety of hemorrhage called bleeding. However, such injuries may be accompanied by bruising elsewhere.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
brōōz, v.t. to crush by beating or pounding: to oppress: to box or fight with the fists: to ride recklessly in hunting, careless alike of horse and crops: to reduce to small fragments.—n. a wound made by anything heavy and blunt.—p.adj. Bruised, hurt by a heavy blow, with skin crushed and discoloured.—n. Bruis′er, one that bruises: a boxer.—p.adj. Bruis′ing, boxing. [A.S. brýsan, to crush, with which, says Dr Murray, afterwards coalesced Fr. brisie-r; bruisier, bruser, to break.]
The numerical value of bruise in Chaldean Numerology is: 1
The numerical value of bruise in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2
I tried to grip a ball on the sideline and thought it was just a bruise I could (play) through, but I went in and got the X-ray.
He did not have a spot on his body that didn’t have a bruise or abrasion… It was the worst thing I’ve ever seen.
It’s fast and it’s easy, you really don’t bruise from it.
If you love me then really love me. Don’t pretend, don’t just say it, and don’t leave like everyone before you. Love me, and love me to the end, stand by my side, and hold me when I cry. Love me like it’s the only chance you’ve got, because even though I’m not the best at saying “no” when someone offers love, I’m one bruise away from being broken. So love me like you mean it
A torn jacket is soon mended; but hard words bruise the heart of a child.
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Translations for bruise
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- натъртено място, синка, натъртвам, натъртвам сеBulgarian
- blauCatalan, Valencian
- modřina, otlouct se, podlitinaCzech
- briw, claisWelsh
- blauer Fleck, BlutergussGerman
- machacar, maca, estropearse, amoratarse, moratón, moretonearse, moretón, salirse moratones, mazar, cardenal, magullarse, magullarSpanish
- saada, kolhia, mukiloida, kolhiintua, mustelma, hakataFinnish
- cotir, se faire un bleu, s'abîmer, taler, contusion, meurtrir, se taler, se cotir, contusionner, cotissure, meurtrissure, bleu, talure, ecchymoseFrench
- pronnadhScottish Gaelic
- mazadura, negrón, hematomaGalician
- zúzódás, horzsolás, ütődésHungarian
- ammaccatura, lividoItalian
- დალურჯებული ადგილიGeorgian
- [[blauwe]] [[plek]], beurze plek, slaan, rotte plekDutch
- hematoma, roxoPortuguese
- julitură, zgâriaRomanian
- помя́тость, мя́ться, ушиба́ть, уши́б, кровоподтёк, подби́тость, мять, поби́тость, ушиби́ться, помя́ться, ушиба́ться, синя́к, помя́ть, ушиби́тьRussian
- мо̀дрица, mòdrica, màsnica, ма̀сницаSerbo-Croatian
- šinka, podliatina, modrinaSlovak
- blåmärke, fläckSwedish
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"bruise." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 11 Dec. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/bruise>.