What does bruise mean?

Definitions for bruise
bruzbruise

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word bruise.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. bruise, contusionverb

    an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration

  2. bruise, contuseverb

    injure the underlying soft tissue or bone of

    "I bruised my knee"

  3. hurt, wound, injure, bruise, offend, spiteverb

    hurt the feelings of

    "She hurt me when she did not include me among her guests"; "This remark really bruised my ego"

  4. bruiseverb

    break up into small pieces for food preparation

    "bruise the berries with a wooden spoon and strain them"

  5. bruiseverb

    damage (plant tissue) by abrasion or pressure

    "The customer bruised the strawberries by squeezing them"

Wiktionary

  1. bruisenoun

    A purplish mark on the skin due to leakage of blood from capillaries under the surface that have been damaged by a blow.

  2. bruisenoun

    A dark mark on fruit caused by a blow to its surface.

  3. bruiseverb

    To strike (a person), originally with something flat or heavy, but now specifically in such a way as to discolour the skin without breaking it.

  4. bruiseverb

    To damage the skin of (fruit), in an analogous way.

  5. bruiseverb

    Of fruit, to gain bruises through being handled roughly.

    Bananas bruise easily.

  6. bruiseverb

    To bruise easily.

    I bruise easily.

  7. Etymology: From bruisen, brusen, from bruiser, bruser ‘to break, smash’, from (compare Old Irish brúu ‘I shatter, smash’), from bʰreus- ‘to break’ (compare Latin frustum ‘bit, scrap’, Old Church Slavic бръснути ‘to rake’, Albanian breshër ‘hail’).

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Bruisenoun

    A hurt with something blunt and heavy.

    Etymology: from the verb.

    One arm’d with metal, th’ other with wood,
    This fit for bruise, and that for blood. Hudibras.

    I since have labour’d
    To bind the bruises of a civil war,
    And stop the issues of their wasting blood. Dryden.

  2. To BRUISEverb

    To crush or mangle with the heavy blow of something not edged or pointed; to crush by any weight; to beat into gross powder; to beat together coarsely.

    Etymology: briser, Fr.

    Fellows in arms, and my most loving friends,
    Bruis’d underneath the yoke of tyranny. William Shakespeare, R. III.

    And fix far deeper in his head their stings,
    Than temporal death shall bruise the victor’s heel,
    Or theirs whom he redeems. Par. Lost, b. xii. l. 433.

    As in old chaos heav’n with earth confus’d,
    And stars with rocks together crush’d and bruis’d. Edmund Waller.

    They beat their breasts with many a bruising blow,
    Till they turn’d livid, and corrupt the snow. John Dryden, Fab.

Wikipedia

  1. Bruise

    A bruise, also known as a contusion, is a type of hematoma of tissue, the most common cause being capillaries damaged by trauma, causing localized bleeding that extravasates into the surrounding interstitial tissues. Most bruises are not very deep under the skin so that the bleeding causes a visible discoloration. The bruise then remains visible until the blood is either absorbed by tissues or cleared by immune system action. Bruises which do not blanch under pressure can involve capillaries at the level of skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle, or bone. Bruises are not to be confused with other similar-looking lesions. (Such lesions include petechia (less than 3 mm (0.12 in), resulting from numerous and diverse etiologies such as adverse reactions from medications such as warfarin, straining, asphyxiation, platelet disorders and diseases such as cytomegalovirus), purpura (3–100 mm (0.12–3.94 in), classified as palpable purpura or non-palpable purpura and indicates various pathologic conditions such as thrombocytopenia), and ecchymosis (more than 1 cm (0.39 in), caused by blood dissecting through tissue planes and settled in an area remote from the site of trauma or pathology such as periorbital ecchymosis, e.g. "raccoon eyes", arising from a basilar skull fracture or from a neuroblastoma).) As a type of hematoma, a bruise is always caused by internal bleeding into the interstitial tissues which does not break through the skin, usually initiated by blunt trauma, which causes damage through physical compression and deceleration forces. Trauma sufficient to cause bruising can occur from a wide variety of situations including accidents, falls, and surgeries. Disease states such as insufficient or malfunctioning platelets, other coagulation deficiencies, or vascular disorders, such as venous blockage associated with severe allergies can lead to the formation of purpura which is not to be confused with trauma-related bruising/contusion. If the trauma is sufficient to break the skin and allow blood to escape the interstitial tissues, the injury is not a bruise but bleeding, a different variety of hemorrhage. Such injuries may be accompanied by bruising elsewhere.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Bruiseverb

    to injure, as by a blow or collision, without laceration; to contuse; as, to bruise one's finger with a hammer; to bruise the bark of a tree with a stone; to bruise an apple by letting it fall

  2. Bruiseverb

    to break; as in a mortar; to bray, as minerals, roots, etc.; to crush

  3. Bruiseverb

    to fight with the fists; to box

  4. Bruisenoun

    an injury to the flesh of animals, or to plants, fruit, etc., with a blunt or heavy instrument, or by collision with some other body; a contusion; as, a bruise on the head; bruises on fruit

Freebase

  1. Bruise

    A bruise, also called a contusion, is a type of hematoma of tissue in which capillaries and sometimes venules are damaged by trauma, allowing blood to seep, hemorrhage, or extravasate into the surrounding interstitial tissues. Not blanching on pressure, bruises can involve capillaries at the level of skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle, or bone. Bruises are not to be confused with other lesions primarily known by their diameter. These lesions include petechia, purpura, and ecchymosis, all of which also do not blanch on pressure, and are caused by internal bleeding not associated with trauma. As a type of hematoma, a bruise is always caused by internal bleeding into the interstitial tissues which does not break through the skin, usually initiated by blunt trauma, which causes damage through physical compression and deceleration forces. Trauma sufficient to cause bruising can occur from a wide variety of situations including accidents, falls, and surgeries. Disease states such as insufficient or malfunctioning platelets, other coagulation deficiencies, or vascular disorders, such as venous blockage associated with severe allergies can lead to the formation of purpura which is not to be confused with trauma-related bruising/contusion. If the trauma is sufficient to break the skin and allow blood to escape the interstitial tissues, the injury is not a bruise but instead a different variety of hemorrhage called bleeding. However, such injuries may be accompanied by bruising elsewhere.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Bruise

    brōōz, v.t. to crush by beating or pounding: to oppress: to box or fight with the fists: to ride recklessly in hunting, careless alike of horse and crops: to reduce to small fragments.—n. a wound made by anything heavy and blunt.—p.adj. Bruised, hurt by a heavy blow, with skin crushed and discoloured.—n. Bruis′er, one that bruises: a boxer.—p.adj. Bruis′ing, boxing. [A.S. brýsan, to crush, with which, says Dr Murray, afterwards coalesced Fr. brisie-r; bruisier, bruser, to break.]

Anagrams for bruise »

  1. buries

  2. busier

  3. rubies

How to pronounce bruise?

How to say bruise in sign language?

Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of bruise in Chaldean Numerology is: 1

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of bruise in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2

Examples of bruise in a Sentence

  1. Natalie Allison:

    If you love me then really love me. Don’t pretend, don’t just say it, and don’t leave like everyone before you. Love me, and love me to the end, stand by my side, and hold me when I cry. Love me like it’s the only chance you’ve got, because even though I’m not the best at saying “no” when someone offers love, I’m one bruise away from being broken. So love me like you mean it

  2. Jody Thompson:

    He did not have a spot on his body that didn’t have a bruise or abrasion… It was the worst thing I’ve ever seen.

  3. Rami Hashish:

    Upwards of 60 % of injuries in mosh pits are to the head -- these can range in severity from a bump or bruise to a traumatic brain injury. And can be the result of flailing arms, getting pushed into another person, or falling to the ground.

  4. Robert McIntyre:

    Nothing is nailed into the tree. So there's a tripod that we strap to the tree and the feet of this tripod are made of neoprene, so they mold to the bark. So once you've taken the step down, there's no sign it was ever up. And it doesn't bruise the tree underneath the bark.

  5. Melissa Doft:

    It’s fast and it’s easy, you really don’t bruise from it.

Popularity rank by frequency of use

bruise#10000#45961#100000

Translations for bruise

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • كدمةArabic
  • сіня́кBelarusian
  • натъртено място, синка, натъртвам, натъртвам сеBulgarian
  • blauCatalan, Valencian
  • modřina, otlouct se, podlitinaCzech
  • briw, claisWelsh
  • blauer Fleck, BlutergussGerman
  • μωλωπίζομαιGreek
  • kontuzoEsperanto
  • machacar, maca, estropearse, amoratarse, moratón, moretonearse, moretón, salirse moratones, mazar, cardenal, magullarse, magullarSpanish
  • saada, kolhia, mukiloida, kolhiintua, mustelma, hakataFinnish
  • cotir, se faire un bleu, s'abîmer, taler, contusion, meurtrir, se taler, se cotir, contusionner, cotissure, meurtrissure, bleu, talure, ecchymoseFrench
  • pronnadhScottish Gaelic
  • mazadura, negrón, hematomaGalician
  • zúzódás, horzsolás, ütődésHungarian
  • կապտուկArmenian
  • ammaccatura, lividoItalian
  • חבורהHebrew
  • あざJapanese
  • დალურჯებული ადგილიGeorgian
  • мо́дринкаMacedonian
  • хөхрүүлэхMongolian
  • [[blauwe]] [[plek]], beurze plek, slaan, rotte plekDutch
  • siniakPolish
  • hematoma, roxoPortuguese
  • julitură, zgâriaRomanian
  • помя́тость, мя́ться, ушиба́ть, уши́б, кровоподтёк, подби́тость, мять, поби́тость, ушиби́ться, помя́ться, ушиба́ться, синя́к, помя́ть, ушиби́тьRussian
  • мо̀дрица, mòdrica, màsnica, ма̀сницаSerbo-Croatian
  • šinka, podliatina, modrinaSlovak
  • modricaSlovene
  • blåmärke, fläckSwedish
  • chubukoSwahili
  • синя́кUkrainian
  • צעברעקלונגYiddish

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