What does bruise mean?

Definitions for bruise
bruzbruise

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word bruise.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. bruise, contusionverb

    an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration

  2. bruise, contuseverb

    injure the underlying soft tissue or bone of

    "I bruised my knee"

  3. hurt, wound, injure, bruise, offend, spiteverb

    hurt the feelings of

    "She hurt me when she did not include me among her guests"; "This remark really bruised my ego"

  4. bruiseverb

    break up into small pieces for food preparation

    "bruise the berries with a wooden spoon and strain them"

  5. bruiseverb

    damage (plant tissue) by abrasion or pressure

    "The customer bruised the strawberries by squeezing them"

Wiktionary

  1. bruisenoun

    A purplish mark on the skin due to leakage of blood from capillaries under the surface that have been damaged by a blow.

    Etymology: From bruisen, brusen, from bruiser, bruser ‘to break, smash’, from (compare Old Irish brúu ‘I shatter, smash’), from bʰreus- ‘to break’ (compare Latin frustum ‘bit, scrap’, Old Church Slavic бръснути ‘to rake’, Albanian breshër ‘hail’).

  2. bruisenoun

    A dark mark on fruit caused by a blow to its surface.

    Etymology: From bruisen, brusen, from bruiser, bruser ‘to break, smash’, from (compare Old Irish brúu ‘I shatter, smash’), from bʰreus- ‘to break’ (compare Latin frustum ‘bit, scrap’, Old Church Slavic бръснути ‘to rake’, Albanian breshër ‘hail’).

  3. bruiseverb

    To strike (a person), originally with something flat or heavy, but now specifically in such a way as to discolour the skin without breaking it.

    Etymology: From bruisen, brusen, from bruiser, bruser ‘to break, smash’, from (compare Old Irish brúu ‘I shatter, smash’), from bʰreus- ‘to break’ (compare Latin frustum ‘bit, scrap’, Old Church Slavic бръснути ‘to rake’, Albanian breshër ‘hail’).

  4. bruiseverb

    To damage the skin of (fruit), in an analogous way.

    Etymology: From bruisen, brusen, from bruiser, bruser ‘to break, smash’, from (compare Old Irish brúu ‘I shatter, smash’), from bʰreus- ‘to break’ (compare Latin frustum ‘bit, scrap’, Old Church Slavic бръснути ‘to rake’, Albanian breshër ‘hail’).

  5. bruiseverb

    Of fruit, to gain bruises through being handled roughly.

    Bananas bruise easily.

    Etymology: From bruisen, brusen, from bruiser, bruser ‘to break, smash’, from (compare Old Irish brúu ‘I shatter, smash’), from bʰreus- ‘to break’ (compare Latin frustum ‘bit, scrap’, Old Church Slavic бръснути ‘to rake’, Albanian breshër ‘hail’).

  6. bruiseverb

    To bruise easily.

    I bruise easily.

    Etymology: From bruisen, brusen, from bruiser, bruser ‘to break, smash’, from (compare Old Irish brúu ‘I shatter, smash’), from bʰreus- ‘to break’ (compare Latin frustum ‘bit, scrap’, Old Church Slavic бръснути ‘to rake’, Albanian breshër ‘hail’).

Webster Dictionary

  1. Bruiseverb

    to injure, as by a blow or collision, without laceration; to contuse; as, to bruise one's finger with a hammer; to bruise the bark of a tree with a stone; to bruise an apple by letting it fall

  2. Bruiseverb

    to break; as in a mortar; to bray, as minerals, roots, etc.; to crush

  3. Bruiseverb

    to fight with the fists; to box

  4. Bruisenoun

    an injury to the flesh of animals, or to plants, fruit, etc., with a blunt or heavy instrument, or by collision with some other body; a contusion; as, a bruise on the head; bruises on fruit

Freebase

  1. Bruise

    A bruise, also called a contusion, is a type of hematoma of tissue in which capillaries and sometimes venules are damaged by trauma, allowing blood to seep, hemorrhage, or extravasate into the surrounding interstitial tissues. Not blanching on pressure, bruises can involve capillaries at the level of skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle, or bone. Bruises are not to be confused with other lesions primarily known by their diameter. These lesions include petechia, purpura, and ecchymosis, all of which also do not blanch on pressure, and are caused by internal bleeding not associated with trauma. As a type of hematoma, a bruise is always caused by internal bleeding into the interstitial tissues which does not break through the skin, usually initiated by blunt trauma, which causes damage through physical compression and deceleration forces. Trauma sufficient to cause bruising can occur from a wide variety of situations including accidents, falls, and surgeries. Disease states such as insufficient or malfunctioning platelets, other coagulation deficiencies, or vascular disorders, such as venous blockage associated with severe allergies can lead to the formation of purpura which is not to be confused with trauma-related bruising/contusion. If the trauma is sufficient to break the skin and allow blood to escape the interstitial tissues, the injury is not a bruise but instead a different variety of hemorrhage called bleeding. However, such injuries may be accompanied by bruising elsewhere.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Bruise

    brōōz, v.t. to crush by beating or pounding: to oppress: to box or fight with the fists: to ride recklessly in hunting, careless alike of horse and crops: to reduce to small fragments.—n. a wound made by anything heavy and blunt.—p.adj. Bruised, hurt by a heavy blow, with skin crushed and discoloured.—n. Bruis′er, one that bruises: a boxer.—p.adj. Bruis′ing, boxing. [A.S. brýsan, to crush, with which, says Dr Murray, afterwards coalesced Fr. brisie-r; bruisier, bruser, to break.]

Anagrams for bruise »

  1. busier

  2. rubies

  3. buries

How to pronounce bruise?

How to say bruise in sign language?

Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of bruise in Chaldean Numerology is: 1

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of bruise in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2

Examples of bruise in a Sentence

  1. Melissa Doft:

    It’s fast and it’s easy, you really don’t bruise from it.

  2. Cincinnati Bengals:

    I tried to grip a ball on the sideline and thought it was just a bruise I could (play) through, but I went in and got the X-ray.

  3. Robert McIntyre:

    Nothing is nailed into the tree. So there's a tripod that we strap to the tree and the feet of this tripod are made of neoprene, so they mold to the bark. So once you've taken the step down, there's no sign it was ever up. And it doesn't bruise the tree underneath the bark.

  4. Jody Thompson:

    He did not have a spot on his body that didn’t have a bruise or abrasion… It was the worst thing I’ve ever seen.

  5. The Rev. Jesse Jackson:

    We were absolutely surprised at the video, there were 50 bruise marks all over his body. They beat him.

Images & Illustrations of bruise

  1. bruisebruisebruisebruisebruise

Popularity rank by frequency of use

bruise#10000#45961#100000

Translations for bruise

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • كدمةArabic
  • сіня́кBelarusian
  • синка, натъртвам, натъртвам се, натъртено мястоBulgarian
  • blauCatalan, Valencian
  • modřina, podlitina, otlouct seCzech
  • clais, briwWelsh
  • Bluterguss, blauer FleckGerman
  • μωλωπίζομαιGreek
  • kontuzoEsperanto
  • moretón, salirse moratones, mazar, cardenal, moretonearse, magullar, machacar, moratón, magullarse, maca, amoratarse, estropearseSpanish
  • mukiloida, saada, mustelma, hakata, kolhiintua, kolhiaFinnish
  • talure, bleu, cotissure, contusionner, se cotir, meurtrir, s'abîmer, se faire un bleu, cotir, se taler, contusion, meurtrissure, ecchymose, talerFrench
  • pronnadhScottish Gaelic
  • mazadura, negrón, hematomaGalician
  • horzsolás, zúzódás, ütődésHungarian
  • կապտուկArmenian
  • livido, ammaccaturaItalian
  • あざJapanese
  • დალურჯებული ადგილიGeorgian
  • мо́дринкаMacedonian
  • хөхрүүлэхMongolian
  • rotte plek, [[blauwe]] [[plek]], slaan, beurze plekDutch
  • siniakPolish
  • hematoma, roxoPortuguese
  • julitură, zgâriaRomanian
  • кровоподтёк, мять, поби́тость, ушиби́ться, помя́ть, мя́ться, ушиба́ть, уши́б, помя́ться, ушиби́ть, ушиба́ться, помя́тость, синя́к, подби́тостьRussian
  • ма̀сница, мо̀дрица, màsnica, mòdricaSerbo-Croatian
  • modrina, podliatina, šinkaSlovak
  • modricaSlovene
  • fläck, blåmärkeSwedish
  • chubukoSwahili
  • синя́кUkrainian

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    worthy of reliance or trust
    • A. busy
    • B. hatched
    • C. dependable
    • D. squashy

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