food poisoning from ingesting botulin; not infectious; affects the CNS; can be fatal if not treated promptly
A rare but serious medical condition caused by ingesting the nerve toxin botulin, that is produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.
Botulism is, in humans, a rare but sometimes fatal paralytic illness. Foodborne botulism is an intoxication caused by consuming food contaminated with the botulinum toxin; it is not passed on from person to person when the skin is intact. Infant botulism is a toxico-infection where the gastro-intestinal tract is colonized by spores prior to the protective intestinal bacterial flora having developed and wound botulism is found most often among substance abusers when spores enter a wound under the skin, and, in the absence of oxygen are activated and release toxin. The toxin is a protein produced under anaerobic conditions by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum, and affects a wide range of animals, including mammals, birds and fish. In domestic fowl, such as ducks, chickens, etc. as well as in birds in the wild, the disease is known as Limberneck. Clostridium botulinum is a large anaerobic Gram-positive bacillus that forms subterminal endospores. There are seven serological varieties of the bacterium denoted by the letters A to G. The toxin from all of these acts in the same way and producing similar symptoms: acetylcholine is prevented from being released from the motor nerve endings causing flaccid paralysis and symptoms of blurred vision, ptosis, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and/or constipation, cramps, respiratory difficulty.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A disease caused by potent protein NEUROTOXINS produced by CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM which interfere with the presynaptic release of ACETYLCHOLINE at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION. Clinical features include abdominal pain, vomiting, acute PARALYSIS (including respiratory paralysis), blurred vision, and DIPLOPIA. Botulism may be classified into several subtypes (e.g., food-borne, infant, wound, and others). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1208)
The numerical value of botulism in Chaldean Numerology is: 3
The numerical value of botulism in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3
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