What does axon mean?

Definitions for axon
ˈæk sɒnax·on

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word axon.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. axon, axonenoun

    long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron

Wiktionary

  1. axonnoun

    A nerve fibre which is a long slender projection of a nerve cell, and which conducts nerve impulses away from the body of the cell to a synapse.

  2. Etymology: From ἄξων.

Freebase

  1. Axon

    An axon also known as a nerve fibre; is a long, slender projection of a nerve cell, or neuron, that typically conducts electrical impulses away from the neuron's cell body. The function of the axon is to transmit information to different neurons, muscles and glands. In certain sensory neurons, such as those for touch and warmth, the electrical impulse travels along an axon from the periphery to the cell body, and from the cell body to the spinal cord along another branch of the same axon. Axon dysfunction causes many inherited and acquired neurological disorders which can affect both the peripheral and central neurons. An axon is one of two types of protoplasmic protrusions that extrude from the cell body of a neuron, the other type being dendrites. Axons are distinguished from dendrites by several features, including shape, length, and function. All of these rules have exceptions, however. Some types of neurons have no axon and transmit signals from their dendrites. No neuron ever has more than one axon; however in invertebrates such as insects or leeches the axon sometimes consists of several regions that function more or less independently of each other. Most axons branch, in some cases very profusely.

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of axon in Chaldean Numerology is: 9

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of axon in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9

Examples of axon in a Sentence

  1. Donald Olding Hebb:

    When an axon of cell A is near enough to excite cell B and repeatedly or persistently takes part in firing it, some growth process or metabolic change takes place in one or both cells such that A's efficiency, as one of the cells firing B, is increased

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Translations for axon

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