What does arithmetic mean?

Definitions for arithmetic
əˈrɪθ mə tɪk; ˌær ɪθˈmɛt ɪkarith·metic

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word arithmetic.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. arithmeticadjective

    the branch of pure mathematics dealing with the theory of numerical calculations

  2. arithmetical, arithmeticadjective

    relating to or involving arithmetic

    "arithmetical computations"


  1. arithmeticnoun

    The mathematics of numbers (integers, rational numbers, real numbers, or complex numbers) under the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

  2. arithmeticadjective

    Of, relating to, or using arithmetic; arithmetical.

    arithmetic geometry

  3. arithmeticadjective

    Of a progression, mean, etc, computed using addition rather than multiplication.

    arithmetic progression

  4. Etymology: From arsmetike, from arismetique, from arithmetica, from Ancient Greek (), from. Used in English since 13th Century.


  1. Arithmetic

    Arithmetic (from Ancient Greek ἀριθμός (arithmós) 'number', and τική [τέχνη] (tikḗ [tékhnē]) 'art, craft') is an elementary part of mathematics that consists of the study of the properties of the traditional operations on numbers—addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, exponentiation, and extraction of roots. In the 19th century, Italian mathematician Giuseppe Peano formalized arithmetic with his Peano axioms, which are highly important to the field of mathematical logic today.


  1. arithmetic

    Arithmetic is a branch of mathematics that involves the study and manipulation of numbers. It includes basic operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, as well as more complex concepts like fractions, decimals, percentages, and number theory. Arithmetic is considered one of the most elementary branches of mathematics and is used in numerous areas of everyday life, science, business and various practical fields.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Arithmeticnoun

    the science of numbers; the art of computation by figures

  2. Arithmeticnoun

    a book containing the principles of this science

  3. Etymology: [OE. arsmetike, OF. arismetique, L. arithmetica, fr. Gr. (sc. ), fr. arithmetical, fr. to number, fr. number, prob. fr. same root as E. arm, the idea of counting coming from that of fitting, attaching. See Arm. The modern Eng. and French forms are accommodated to the Greek.]


  1. Arithmetic

    Arithmetic or arithmetics is the oldest and most elementary branch of mathematics, used very popularly, for tasks ranging from simple day-to-day counting to advanced science and business calculations. It involves the study of quantity, especially as the result of operations that combine numbers. In common usage, it refers to the simpler properties when using the traditional operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division with smaller values of numbers. Professional mathematicians sometimes use the term arithmetic when referring to more advanced results related to number theory, but this should not be confused with elementary arithmetic.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Arithmetic

    ar-ith′met-ik, n. the science of numbers: the art of reckoning by figures: a treatise on reckoning.—adj. Arithmet′ical.—adv. Arithmet′ically.—n. Arithmetic′ian, one skilled in arithmetic—Arithmetical progression, a series of numbers that increase or diminish by a common difference, as 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22; or 12, 10½, 9, 7½, 6. To find the sum of such a series, multiply the sum of the first and last terms by half the number of terms. [Gr. arithmētikē (technē, art), relating to numbers—arithmos, number.]

Dictionary of Nautical Terms

  1. arithmetic

    The art of computation by numbers; or that branch which considers their powers and properties.

Editors Contribution

  1. arithmetic

    The innate human ability and skill to use the mind to make numerical calculations.

    The skill of arithmetic is a vital human ability and skill.

    Submitted by MaryC on April 29, 2020  

  2. arithmetic

    The science of numbers.

    Arithmetic is used daily by everyone.

    Submitted by MaryC on March 6, 2020  

How to pronounce arithmetic?

How to say arithmetic in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of arithmetic in Chaldean Numerology is: 3

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of arithmetic in Pythagorean Numerology is: 7

Examples of arithmetic in a Sentence

  1. Jacob Rees-Mogg:

    I'm sure Theresa May does not want to split the Conservative Party and therefore she will find that the inevitable consequence of the parliamentary arithmetic is that she will need to change it (the Brexit policy) to keep the party united.

  2. Jomo Sundaram:

    It's not going to be easy, but if you look at the arithmetic, it is achievable.

  3. Vannevar Bush:

    If scientific reasoning were limited to the logical processes of arithmetic, we should not get very far in our understanding of the physical world. One might as well attempt to grasp the game of poker entirely by the use of the mathematics of probability.

  4. Carl Sandburg:

    Arithmetic is numbers you squeeze from your head to your hand to your pencil to your paper until you get the right answer.

  5. Mickey Mouse:

    Arithmetic is being able to count up to twenty without taking off your shoes.

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Translations for arithmetic

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"arithmetic." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 21 Sep. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/arithmetic>.

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