What does Sumer mean?

Definitions for Sumer
ˈsu mərSumer

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word Sumer.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. Sumer(noun)

    an area in the southern region of Babylonia in present-day Iraq; site of the Sumerian civilization of city-states that flowered during the third millennium BC

Wiktionary

  1. Sumer(ProperNoun)

    Earliest known civilization of the ancient Near East (4th to 3rd millennia BC), located in lower Mesopotamia.

  2. Origin: From the Šumer , in Assyriology since the 1870s (French sumérien since 1872). Compare Shumer, Sumir.

Freebase

  1. Sumer

    Sumer was an ancient civilization and historical region in southern Mesopotamia, modern Iraq, during the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age. Although the earliest historical records in the region do not go back much further than ca. 2900 BC, modern historians have asserted that Sumer was first settled between ca. 4500 and 4000 BC by a non-Semitic people who may or may not have spoken the Sumerian language. These conjectured, prehistoric people are now called "proto-Euphrateans" or "Ubaidians", and are theorized to have evolved from the Samarra culture of northern Mesopotamia. The Ubaidians were the first civilizing force in Sumer, draining the marshes for agriculture, developing trade, and establishing industries, including weaving, leatherwork, metalwork, masonry, and pottery. However, some scholars such as Piotr Michalowski and Gerd Steiner, contest the idea of a Proto-Euphratean language or one substrate language. Sumerian civilization took form in the Uruk period, continuing into the Jemdat Nasr and Early Dynastic periods. During the third millennium BC, a close cultural symbiosis developed between the Sumerians and the Semitic Akkadian speakers, which included widespread bilingualism. The influence of Sumerian on Akkadian is evident in all areas, from lexical borrowing on a massive scale, to syntactic, morphological, and phonological convergence. This has prompted scholars to refer to Sumerian and Akkadian in the third millennium as a sprachbund. Sumer was conquered by the Semitic-speaking kings of the Akkadian Empire around 2270 BC, but Sumerian continued as a sacred language. Native Sumerian rule re-emerged for about a century in the Third Dynasty of Ur of the 21st to 20th centuries BC, but Akkadian also remained in use. The Sumerian city of Eridu, on the coast of the Persian Gulf, was the world's first city, where three separate cultures fused - that of peasant Ubaidian farmers, living in mud-brick huts and practicing irrigation; that of mobile nomadic Semitic pastoralists living in black tents and following herds of sheep and goats; and that of fisher folk, living in reed huts in the marshlands, who may have been the ancestors of the Sumerians.

Anagrams for Sumer »

  1. mures, murse, Remus, serum

  2. Serum

How to pronounce Sumer?

  1. Alex
    Alex
    US English
    Daniel
    Daniel
    British
    Karen
    Karen
    Australian
    Veena
    Veena
    Indian

How to say Sumer in sign language?

  1. sumer

Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of Sumer in Chaldean Numerology is: 2

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of Sumer in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4

Images & Illustrations of Sumer

  1. SumerSumerSumerSumerSumer

Popularity rank by frequency of use

Sumer#10000#55880#100000

Translations for Sumer

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