What does Sufism mean?

Definitions for Sufism
-fɪz əmSu·fism

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word Sufism.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. Sufismnoun

    Islamic mysticism


  1. Sufismnoun

    Islamic mysticism

Webster Dictionary

  1. Sufismnoun

    a refined mysticism among certain classes of Mohammedans, particularly in Persia, who hold to a kind of pantheism and practice extreme asceticism in their lives


  1. Sufism

    Sufism or taṣawwuf is defined by its adherents as the inner, mystical dimension of Islam. A practitioner of this tradition is generally known as a ṣūfī. They belong to different ṭuruq or "orders"—congregations formed around a master—which meet for spiritual sessions, in meeting places known as zawiyahs, Khanqahs, or tekke. Sufi turuq/orders may trace many of their original precepts from the Islamic Prophet Muhammad through his cousin and son-in-law 'Alī, with the notable exception of the Naqshbandi who trace their origins through the first Caliph, Abu Bakr. Prominent orders include Ba 'Alawiyya, Chishti, Khalwati, Naqshbandi, Nimatullahi, Oveyssi, Qadiria Boutshishia, Qadiriyyah, Qalandariyya, Sarwari Qadiri, Shadhiliyya and Suhrawardiyya. Sufis believe they are practicing ihsan as revealed by Gabriel to Muhammad: "Worship and serve Allah as you are seeing Him and while you see Him not yet truly He sees you". Sufis consider themselves as the original true proponents of this pure original form of Islam. Sufism is opposed by Wahhabi and Salafist Muslims. Classical Sufi scholars have defined Sufism as "a science whose objective is the reparation of the heart and turning it away from all else but God". Alternatively, in the words of the Darqawi Sufi teacher Ahmad ibn Ajiba, "a science through which one can know how to travel into the presence of the Divine, purify one's inner self from filth, and beautify it with a variety of praiseworthy traits".

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Sufism

    sū′fizm, n. a form of pantheistic mysticism within Islam.—ns. Sū′fi, Sō′fi, one of such mystics.—adjs. Sū′fic, Sufis′tic. [Ar. sūfi—Gr. sophos, wise.]

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Sufism

    the doctrine of the Sufis, a sect of Mohammedan mystics; imported into Mohammedanism the idea that the soul is the subject of ecstasies of Divine inspiration in virtue of its direct emanation from the Deity, and this in the teeth of the fundamental article of the Mohammedan creed, which exalts God as a being passing all comprehension and ruling it by a law which is equally mysterious, which we have only to obey; this doctrine is associated with the idea that the body is the soul's prison, and death the return of it to its original home, a doctrine of the dervish fraternity, of which the Madhi is high-priest.

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of Sufism in Chaldean Numerology is: 7

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of Sufism in Pythagorean Numerology is: 6

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  1. Sufism

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    being essentially equal to something
    • A. bonzer
    • B. flabby
    • C. tantamount
    • D. dicotyledonous

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