What does Salerno mean?
Definitions for Salerno
səˈlɛər noʊ, -ˈlɜr-saler·no
This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word Salerno.
a battle in World War II; the port was captured by United States troops in September 1943
A province of Campania, Italy.
A town, the capital of Salerno.
Salerno (UK: , US: , Italian: [saˈlɛrno] (listen); Neapolitan: Salierno, IPA: [saˈljernə]) is an ancient city and comune in Campania (southwestern Italy) and is the capital of the namesake province, being the second largest city in the region by number of inhabitants, after Naples. It is located on the Gulf of Salerno on the Tyrrhenian Sea. In recent history the city hosted Victor Emmanuel III, the King of Italy, who moved from Rome in 1943 after Italy negotiated a peace with the Allies in World War II, making Salerno the capital of the "Government of the South" (Regno del Sud) and therefore provisional government seat for six months. Some of the Allied landings during Operation Avalanche (the invasion of Italy) occurred near Salerno. Human settlement at Salerno has a rich and vibrant past, dating back to pre-historic times. In the early Middle Ages it was an independent Lombard principality, the Principality of Salerno, which around the 11th century comprised most of Southern Italy. During this time, the Schola Medica Salernitana, the first medical school in the world, was founded. The Normans in 1077 made Salerno the capital of their rule in all continental southern Italy. In the 16th century, under the Sanseverino family, among the most powerful feudal lords in southern Italy, the city became a great centre of learning, culture and the arts, and the family hired several of the greatest intellectuals of the time. Later, in 1694, the city was struck by several catastrophic earthquakes and plagues. During a period of Spanish rule the city suffered a crisis which would last until the 18th century, but under Napoleon Salerno became part of the Parthenopean Republic. In the 19th century Salerno supported ideas of the Risorgimento and welcomed Garibaldi in 1861. The city is divided into three distinct zones: the medieval sector, the 19th century sector and the more densely populated post-war area, with its several apartment blocks.A patron saint of Salerno is Saint Matthew, the Apostle, whose relics are kept here at the crypt of Salerno Cathedral.
Salerno is a city and comune in Campania and is the capital of the province of the same name. It is located on the Gulf of Salerno on the Tyrrhenian Sea. Salerno is the main town close to the Costiera Amalfitana and is mostly known for its Schola Medica Salernitana. In the 16th century, under the Sanseverino family, among the most powerful feudal lords in Southern Italy, the city became a great centre of learning, culture and the arts, and the family hired several of the greatest intellectuals of the time. Later, in 1694, the city was struck by several catastrophic earthquakes and plagues, and afterwards a period of Spanish rule which would last until the 18th century. After that, Salerno became part of the Parthenopean Republic and saw a period of Napoleonic rule. In recent history the city hosted the King of Italy, who moved from Rome in 1943 after Italy negotiated a peace with the Allies in World War II. A brief so-called "government of the South" was then established in the town, that became the "capital" of Italy for some months. Some of the Allied landings during Operation Avalanche occurred near Salerno.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a city of South Italy, on a gulf of the name, 33 m. SE. of Naples; has some fine Gothic buildings, notably the cathedral of St. Matthew; had a European fame in the Middle Ages for its medical school and university, closed in 1817; cotton-spinning is the chief industry; in the neighbourhood are the ruins of Pæstum and an old Norman castle.
Military Dictionary and Gazetteer
(anc. Salernum). A town of Naples, capital of the province of Principato Citra, 30 miles southeast from Naples. It was captured during the Social war by the Samnite general Papius. After the fall of the Western empire Salerno rose to its height. It passed first into the hands of the Goths, then into those of the Lombards, from whom it was taken by the Saracens in 905; but fifteen years after, it was recovered by the Greek emperor, and subsequently reverted to the Lombards. In 1076 Salerno was taken, after a siege of eight months, by Robert Guiscard; and thenceforward became the capital of the Norman possessions south of the Apennines. In 1193 the town was destroyed by the emperor Henry VI.
Surnames Frequency by Census Records
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Salerno is ranked #3751 in terms of the most common surnames in America.
The Salerno surname appeared 9,440 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 3 would have the surname Salerno.
92.6% or 8,748 total occurrences were White.
5.1% or 485 total occurrences were of Hispanic origin.
1.2% or 119 total occurrences were of two or more races.
0.4% or 45 total occurrences were Asian.
0.3% or 33 total occurrences were Black.
0.1% or 10 total occurrences were American Indian or Alaskan Native.
Anagrams for Salerno »
The numerical value of Salerno in Chaldean Numerology is: 8
The numerical value of Salerno in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3
Examples of Salerno in a Sentence
Fred Salerno, Philippe Dauman, and (Viacom board member) George Abrams have repeatedly told the courts that the Viacom board is being blocked from meeting with Sumner, leaving them no choice but to pursue claims, that fiction has been shattered.
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Translations for Salerno
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"Salerno." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 20 Mar. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/Salerno>.
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