What does Microbiology mean?
Definitions for Microbiology
ˌmaɪ kroʊ baɪˈɒl ə dʒimi·cro·bi·ol·o·gy
This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word Microbiology.
the branch of biology that studies microorganisms and their effects on humans
The branch of biology studying minute organisms, or microbes, such as the bacteria, fungi, viruses, and protozoa. -- Mi`cro*bi`o*log"ic*al (#), a. -- Mi`cro*bi*ol"o*gist (#), n.
The branch of biology that deals with microorganisms, especially their effects on man and other living organisms.
Microbiology (from Ancient Greek μῑκρος (mīkros) 'small', βίος (bíos) 'life', and -λογία (-logía) 'study of') is the scientific study of microorganisms, those being unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells). Microbiology encompasses numerous sub-disciplines including virology, bacteriology, protistology, mycology, immunology, and parasitology. Eukaryotic microorganisms possess membrane-bound organelles and include fungi and protists, whereas prokaryotic organisms—all of which are microorganisms—are conventionally classified as lacking membrane-bound organelles and include Bacteria and Archaea. Microbiologists traditionally relied on culture, staining, and microscopy. However, less than 1% of the microorganisms present in common environments can be cultured in isolation using current means. Microbiologists often rely on molecular biology tools such as DNA sequence based identification, for example the 16S rRNA gene sequence used for bacteria identification. Viruses have been variably classified as organisms, as they have been considered either as very simple microorganisms or very complex molecules. Prions, never considered as microorganisms, have been investigated by virologists, however, as the clinical effects traced to them were originally presumed due to chronic viral infections, and virologists took search—discovering "infectious proteins". The existence of microorganisms was predicted many centuries before they were first observed, for example by the Jains in India and by Marcus Terentius Varro in ancient Rome. The first recorded microscope observation was of the fruiting bodies of moulds, by Robert Hooke in 1666, but the Jesuit priest Athanasius Kircher was likely the first to see microbes, which he mentioned observing in milk and putrid material in 1658. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is considered a father of microbiology as he observed and experimented with microscopic organisms in the 1670s, using simple microscopes of his own design. Scientific microbiology developed in the 19th century through the work of Louis Pasteur and in medical microbiology Robert Koch.
Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms, either unicellular, multicellular, or acellular. Microbiology includes the disciplines virology, mycology, parasitology, bacteriology, and so on. Eukaryotic microorganisms exhibit cell organelles and include fungi and protists, whereas prokaryotic organisms—which all are microorganisms—are conventionally classified as lacking organelles and include eubacteria and archaebacteria. Microbiologists traditionally relied on culture, staining, and microscopy. Apparently, however, only some 1% of the microorganisms present in some environments are culturable. Microbiologists often rely on extraction or detection of nucleic acid, either DNA or RNA sequences. Viruses are not always classified as organisms, as they have been identified either as very simple microorganisms or very complex molecules. Prions, never considered microorganisms, have been investigated by virologists, however, as the clinical effects traced to them were originally presumed due to chronic viral infections, and virologists took search—discovering "infectious proteins".
U.S. National Library of Medicine
The study of microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, algae, archaea, and viruses.
The numerical value of Microbiology in Chaldean Numerology is: 5
The numerical value of Microbiology in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8
Examples of Microbiology in a Sentence
This thing's not going to stop until it infects 60 to 70 percent of people, the idea that this is going to be done soon defies microbiology.
This thing's not going to stop until it infects 60 to 70 % of people, the idea that this is going to be done soon defies microbiology.
Melioidosis is a great mimicker of other diseases and you need a good microbiology laboratory for bacterial culture and identification to make an accurate diagnosis, it especially affects the rural poor in the tropics, who often do not have access to microbiology labs, which means that it has been greatly under-estimated as an important public health problem across the world.
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Translations for Microbiology
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- علم الأحياء المجهريةArabic
- microbiologiaCatalan, Valencian
- bakterianik ilinniutKalaallisut, Greenlandic
- 미생물학, 微生物學Korean
- chʼosh doo yitʼíinii naalkaahNavajo, Navaho
- vi sinh vật học, 微生物學Vietnamese
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