What does Immunology mean?
Definitions for Immunology
ˌɪm yəˈnɒl ə dʒiim·munol·o·gy
This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word Immunology.
the branch of medical science that studies the body's immune system
The branch of medicine that studies the body's immune system.
Immunology is a branch of medicine and biology that covers the medical study of immune systems in all organisms. In such we can see there is a difference of human immunology and comparative immunology in veterinary medicine and animal biosciences.Immunology measures, uses charts and differentiate in context in medicine the studies of immunity on cell and molecular level, and the immune system as part of the physiological level as its functioning is of major importance. In the different states of both health, occurring symptoms and diseases; the functioning of the immune system and immunological responses such as autoimmune diseases, allergic hypersensitivities, or in some cases malfunctioning of immune system as for example in immunological disorders or in immune deficiency, and the specific transplant rejection) Immunology has applications in numerous disciplines of medicine, particularly in the fields of rheumatology, virology, allergology (dermatology), bacteriology, oncology and further transplantation medicine. The term was coined by Russian biologist Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov, who advanced studies on immunology and received the Nobel Prize for his work in 1908. He pinned small thorns into starfish larvae and noticed unusual cells surrounding the thorns. This was the active response of the body trying to maintain its integrity. It was Mechnikov who first observed the phenomenon of phagocytosis, in which the body defends itself against a foreign body. Immunology has importance in reproductive medicine as the physical, chemical, and physiological characteristics of the components of the immune system in vitro, in situ, and in vivo.In psychiatry it is said that psychiatric disorders lead to low levels of immunology but are not encountered any specific characteristics of immunological deficiencies. Prior to the designation of immunity, from the etymological root immunis, which is Latin for "exempt", early physicians characterized organs that would later be proven as essential components of the immune system. The important lymphoid organs of the immune system are the thymus, bone marrow, and chief lymphatic tissues such as spleen, tonsils, lymph vessels, lymph nodes, adenoids, and liver. However, many components of the immune system are cellular in nature, and not associated with specific organs, but rather embedded or circulating in various tissues located throughout the body.
Immunology is a branch of biomedical science that covers the study of all aspects of the immune system in all organisms. It deals with the physiological functioning of the immune system in states of both health and diseases; malfunctions of the immune system in immunological disorders; the physical, chemical and physiological characteristics of the components of the immune system in vitro, in situ, and in vivo. Immunology has applications in several disciplines of science, and as such is further divided. Even before the concept of immunity was developed, numerous early physicians characterized organs that would later prove to be part of the immune system. The key primary lymphoid organs of the immune system are the thymus and bone marrow, and secondary lymphatic tissues such as spleen, tonsils, lymph vessels, lymph nodes, adenoids, and skin and liver. When health conditions warrant, immune system organs including the thymus, spleen, portions of bone marrow, lymph nodes and secondary lymphatic tissues can be surgically excised for examination while patients are still alive.
The numerical value of Immunology in Chaldean Numerology is: 5
The numerical value of Immunology in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9
Examples of Immunology in a Sentence
This theory accepts that the Darwinism that is fundamentally based on entire organisms in competition with each other is incomplete, the real narrative that really counts is unseen to our eyes. You have two moose locking horns over a female. It seems like that is the full depiction of the story of evolution, right there. It’s really just a side show. The real narrative is immunology, the cellular dynamics within the organisms, the collaborative relationships between all of our cells. These cells have their own cognitive capacity, with the linkages and partnerships between microbes.
Immunology, like other cutting-edge areas of biomedical science, is a global discipline and one in which the UK excels, we currently rank first amongst the G7 nations for our research in immunity and infectious disease and are now starting to reap the benefits of our efforts, with new treatments for previously incurable diseases emerging after decades of investment and collaboration in immunological research.
This is positive news as it shows that just one dose of this vaccine generates good levels of immunity and that this protection does not seem to wane in the shorter term, in immunology terms, this finding is not unexpected as we know that some other vaccines confer better immunity when the doses are more spread out. Although further information is required to confirm these findings for older age groups, overall this new research should provide reassurance around the UK's decision to offer the two doses of this vaccine 12 weeks apart.
Although the studies were done with 3 and 4-week second vaccinations, it is likely based on our knowledge of immunology that getting the second shot a few weeks late will not make any difference, there is a chance that people will not get the second vaccination, but I would rather have them get one than none.
(Bohen's) impressive expertise in key areas of our exciting pipeline, including oncology and immunology, will further strengthen and accelerate the delivery of new medicines for patients.
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Translations for Immunology
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- علم المناعةArabic
- immunologiaCatalan, Valencian
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