What does Bourgeois mean?

Definitions for Bourgeois
bʊərˈʒwɑ, ˈbʊər ʒwɑbour·geois

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word Bourgeois.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. businessperson, bourgeoisnoun

    a capitalist who engages in industrial commercial enterprise

  2. bourgeois, burgheradjective

    a member of the middle class

  3. bourgeoisadjective

    (according to Marxist thought) being of the property-owning class and exploitive of the working class

  4. bourgeois, conservative, materialisticadjective

    conforming to the standards and conventions of the middle class

    "a bourgeois mentality"

  5. bourgeoisadjective

    belonging to the middle class


  1. bourgeoisnoun

    The middle class.

  2. bourgeoisnoun

    An individual member of the middle class.

  3. bourgeoisnoun

    A person with bourgeois values and attitudes.

  4. bourgeoisnoun

    An individual member of the bourgeoisie, one of the three estates.

  5. bourgeoisnoun

    Anyone deemed to be an exploiter of the proletariat, a capitalist.

  6. bourgeoisadjective

    Of or relating to the middle class, especially its attitudes and conventions.

  7. bourgeoisadjective

    Belonging to the middle class.

  8. bourgeoisadjective

    Conventional, conservative and materialistic.

    bourgeois opinion

  9. bourgeoisadjective

    Of or relating to capitalist exploitation of the proletariat.

  10. Etymology: Borrowed from bourgeois, from burgeis, from borjois, from borc, from burgz, from bʰrgʰ-. The path from Proto-Germanic to Old French is unclear. Perhaps via Frankish * or Late Latin *, or possibly both. See also the related word burgess.


  1. bourgeois

    The bourgeoisie ( (listen) BOORZH-wah-ZEE, French: [buʁʒwazi] (listen)) is a social class, equivalent to the middle or upper middle class. They are distinguished from, and traditionally contrasted with, the proletariat by their affluence, and their great cultural and financial capital. They are sometimes divided into a petty (petite), middle (moyenne), large (grande), upper (haute), and ancient (ancienne) bourgeoisie and collectively designated as "the bourgeoisie". The bourgeoisie in its original sense is intimately linked to the existence of cities, recognized as such by their urban charters (e.g., municipal charters, town privileges, German town law), so there was no bourgeoisie apart from the citizenry of the cities. Rural peasants came under a different legal system. In Marxist philosophy, the bourgeoisie is the social class that came to own the means of production during modern industrialization and whose societal concerns are the value of property and the preservation of capital to ensure the perpetuation of their economic supremacy in society.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Bourgeoisnoun

    a size of type between long primer and brevier. See Type

  2. Bourgeoisnoun

    a man of middle rank in society; one of the shopkeeping class

  3. Bourgeoisadjective

    characteristic of the middle class, as in France

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Bourgeois

    bur-jois′, n. a kind of printing type, larger than brevier and smaller than longprimer. [Fr.—perh. from the name of the typefounder.]

Surnames Frequency by Census Records


    According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Bourgeois is ranked #2705 in terms of the most common surnames in America.

    The Bourgeois surname appeared 13,325 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 5 would have the surname Bourgeois.

    88.3% or 11,769 total occurrences were White.
    7.4% or 993 total occurrences were Black.
    2.3% or 318 total occurrences were of Hispanic origin.
    1.1% or 159 total occurrences were of two or more races.
    0.3% or 47 total occurrences were Asian.
    0.2% or 39 total occurrences were American Indian or Alaskan Native.

Matched Categories

How to pronounce Bourgeois?

How to say Bourgeois in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of Bourgeois in Chaldean Numerology is: 9

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of Bourgeois in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3

Examples of Bourgeois in a Sentence

  1. Bill Beham:

    Bourgeois is a bourgeois word.

  2. Aleister Crowley:

    If one had to worry about one's actions in respect of other people's ideas, one might as well be buried alive in an antheap or married to an ambitious violinist. Whether that man is the prime minister, modifying his opinions to catch votes, or a bourgeois in terror lest some harmless act should be misunderstood and outrage some petty convention, that man is an inferior man and I do not want to have anything to do with him any more than I want to eat canned salmon.

  3. Gustave Flaubert:

    The whole dream of democracy is to raise the proletarian to the level of stupidity attained by the bourgeois.

  4. Karl Lagerfeld:

    It's not the bourgeois cocktail hat, the ladylike hat, this is another kind of hat, I wouldn't say aggressive, but more protective.

  5. Henry Adams:

    As for America, it is the ideal fruit of all your youthful hopes and reforms. Everybody is fairly decent, respectable, domestic, bourgeois, middle-class, and tiresome. There is absolutely nothing to revile except that it's a bore.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for Bourgeois

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"Bourgeois." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 28 Mar. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/Bourgeois>.

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    brought into agreement or cooperation on the side of a faction, party, or cause
    • A. brilliant
    • B. cosmopolitan
    • C. aligned
    • D. opaque

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