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Ashraf

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Wikipedia

  1. Ashraf

    Ashraf (Arabic: أشراف‎) is a person claiming descent from Muhammad by way of his daughter Fatimah. The word with long ā in the second system, is the plural of sharīf "noble", from sharafa "to be highborn", but ašhraf (‏أشرف‎), with short a, is the elative of sharīf meaning "very noble", "nobler", "noblest". Like the Sadah (plural of Sayyid), Ashraf often take their names from ancestry from Muhammad, Fatima and Ali and have in many Muslim societies Ashraf evolved into an honorific denoting "master" or "gentry". More precisely, the Ashraf are descendants of Ali's elder son, Hassan, and the Sadah those of Ali's younger son Hussain. During the Abbasid period, the term was applied to all Ahl al-Bayt, basically Muhammad's own family, including, for example, the descendants of Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyya, of Ali's second wife and of the Hashemites. During the Fatimid Dynasty, the use of the term was restricted to the descendants of Hasan and Husayn only. This restriction remained in force even after Egypt became Sunni again under the Ayyubids. Also, the Ashraf tribes exist along countries including Somalia, Sudan and Ethiopia. There are 2 to 3 sub-categories of them also, which usually have Sharif in their middle or surname. They are originally from Yemen and have in the recent generations migrated to Somalia due to its wealth and profitable businesses at the time, before the civil war broke out. Many tribes couldn't distinguish between Ashraf and Sadah. Sadah, Ashraf and Sayyid became a Sharif's title. The distinction between Hassani Ashraf and Hussaini Ashraf is not known. As late as the beginning of the nineteenth century, Sayyid had no meaning other than Sharif. Abdurrahman al-Gabarti felt compelled to explain that a certain As-Sayyid Ali Al-Qhabtan was a Mamluk and not a Sharif, as might have been mistakenly inferred from his title. The title in this case, meaning a Mamluk master, originated from the Maghribi usage of "Sidi", which was equivalent in meaning to Emir or Shaikh. In modern usage, Sayyid has lost its religious significance and means simply "Mister". Well aware of their distinguished descent, the Ashraf tribes kept genealogical records and were socially acknowledged as a religious elite. Inevitably, doubts arose concerning the descent of many claimants to the title. Al-Gabarti once commented of one person: "He is one of the Ashraf of true genealogy. Sayyid Muhammad Murtada verified his genealogy." One concept during record keeping was the term of Najeeb al-Tarfayn or "Noble on both sides". This was applied to those Ashraf who have both Imams Hassan and Hussain in Patrilineal and Matrilineal lineages. Although this concept has been debated on by many Sunni and Shia scholars however it has generally been agreed that Prophet Muhammad had stated in a Hadeeth that his true descendant Al Mahdi would be a Najeeb AlTarfayn who would deliver the Muslims of the last age out of their misery from the clutches of the Dajjal or AntiChrist. Such Ashraf carry the titles "Sayyid AlShareef", "Sayyidayn", "Shareefayn" or "Sheikh Assayyid" before their names. They also kept two white colored daggers as opposed to a single white one by other Ashraf denoting their superior nobility among the Ashraf.

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of Ashraf in Chaldean Numerology is: 2

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of Ashraf in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8

Examples of Ashraf in a Sentence

  1. Humayoun Azizi:

    (Karzai's) style of leadership was more traditional while Ashraf Ghani wants to promote modernism.

  2. Fazil Hadi Muslimyar:

    I am in support of peace and stability in Afghanistan, but I don't have much faith in Pakistan's honesty over peace talks, president Ashraf Ghani must have a guarantee from Pakistan that if the Taliban enter into negotiations, Pakistan will not use other militants as proxies [to fight against Afghanistan].

  3. Fazil Hadi Muslimyar:

    President Ashraf Ghani must have a guarantee from Pakistan that if the Taliban enter into negotiations, Pakistan will not use other militants as proxies [to fight against Afghanistan].

  4. Sevag Kechichian:

    The sentencing of Ashraf Fayadh to death after an unfair trial shows the deep flaws in Saudi Arabian criminal justice system and is yet another appalling example of the authorities flouting their international human rights obligations, fayadh was imprisoned solely for peacefully exercising his right to freedom of expression -- he should be immediately and unconditionally released and his conviction should be quashed.

  5. Sarah Leah Whitson:

    The fact that Ashraf Fayadh is facing the prospect of being beheaded only adds to the outrageousness of this court ruling.

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  1. Ashraf

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    standing above others in quality or position
    • A. contiguous
    • B. articulate
    • C. adscripted
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