Definitions containing kâla
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Kala Pharmaceuticals is developing novel treatments for diseases that affect mucosal tissues. The company’s proprietary mucus penetrating particle technology dramatically improves drug distribution and pharmacokinetics by uniformly coating the mucosal surface with biocompatible, drug-loaded particles. Kala’s formulations achieve high, sustained local drug concentrations with reduced systemic exposure and are delivered in a patient friendly format. The company’s research efforts have demonstrated successful in vivo proof-of-concept in mucosal organs such as the respiratory tract, eye, and cervicovaginal tract, enabling diverse product opportunities that target significant clinical unmet need. Kala is focused on advancing an internal pipeline of products through human proof-of-concept, while establishing R&D collaborations with select partners to improve products in their pipelines.
Kala is the second studio album by British Tamil musician M.I.A., released in August 2007. The album features musical styles including dance music and makes extensive use of South Asian music such as that of the urumee, a drum used in gaana music native to Tamil Nadu, India. It was mainly written and produced by M.I.A. and Switch, and features contributions from Timbaland, Diplo, Afrikan Boy and The Wilcannia Mob. M.I.A. named the album after her mother, in contrast to her first album Arular, which was named after her father, and stated that her mother's struggles in life are a major theme of the recording. She began recording the album in early 2006 and worked on the tracks in various locations around the world, including India, Jamaica, Australia, Liberia and Trinidad. Planned sessions in the United States failed to occur, after M.I.A. was refused a long-term work visa to enter the country. Kala was ranked as one of the best albums of the year by several publications. It reached number 18 on the Billboard 200 chart, 172 places higher than Arular, and topped the magazine's Top Electronic Albums chart. In the United Kingdom it reached number 39 on the UK Albums Chart, 59 places higher than her debut album. Kala has spawned the singles "Boyz", "Jimmy" and "Paper Planes".
Kālī, also known as Kālikā, is the Hindu goddess associated with empowerment, shakti. The name Kali comes from kāla, which means black, time, death, lord of death, Shiva. Since Shiva is called Kāla—the eternal time—Kālī, his consort, also means "Time" or "Death". Hence, Kāli is the Goddess of Time and Change. Although sometimes presented as dark and violent, her earliest incarnation as a figure of annihilator of evil forces still has some influence. Various Shakta Hindu cosmologies, as well as Shākta Tantric beliefs, worship her as the ultimate reality or Brahman. She is also revered as Bhavatārini. Comparatively recent devotional movements largely conceive Kāli as a benevolent mother goddess. Kālī is represented as the consort of Lord Shiva, on whose body she is often seen standing. Shiva laid in the path of Kali, whose foot on Shiva subdues her anger. She is the time manifestation of other Hindu goddesses like Durga, Bhadrakali, Sati, Rudrani, Parvati and Chamunda. She is the foremost among the Dasa Mahavidyas, ten fierce Tantric goddesses.
Dode is a village in Jalandhar. Jalandhar is a district in the Indian state of Punjab. It lies on the Kartarpur-Kala Bakra road which is almost 1 km away from it. The nearest railway station to Dode is Kala Bakra railway station at a distance of 4 km.
Kahaani is a 2012 Indian thriller film directed and co-produced by Sujoy Ghosh. It stars Vidya Balan as Vidya Bagchi, a pregnant woman searching for her missing husband in Kolkata during the festival of Durga Puja, assisted by Satyaki "Rana" Sinha and Khan. Made on a "shoestring budget" of 80 million, Kahaani was conceived and developed by Ghosh, who co-wrote the film with Advaita Kala. Shot in Kolkata, the crew often employed guerrilla-filmmaking techniques on the city's streets to avoid attracting attention. The film was noted for its deft portrayal of the city and for making use of many local crew and cast members. Kahaani explores themes of feminism and motherhood in male-dominated Indian society. The film also makes several allusions to Satyajit Ray's films such as Charulata and Aranyer Dinratri. Kahaani was released worldwide on 9 March 2012. Critics praised the screenplay, the cinematography and the performances of the lead actors. Due to critical acclaim and word-of-mouth publicity, the film became a sleeper hit, earning 1.04 billion worldwide in 50 days. At the end of its theatrical run the film won several awards, including three National Film Awards and five Filmfare Awards. The latter included trophies for Best Director and Best Actress.
"Jimmy" is a song recorded by British artist M.I.A. for her second studio album, Kala. The song was written by Maya "M.I.A." Arulpragasam, Dave "Switch" Taylor and Bappi Lahiri and produced by Switch and M.I.A.. A cover of "Jimmy Jimmy Jimmy Aaja" from the film Disco Dancer, the song was re-arranged as an uptempo pop-electro tune with disco influences by modifying the orchestration, instrumentation and beats and the addition of original English lyrics for the single. During the recording and production sessions, M.I.A. and Switch wanted to create a dance-pop disco record using a song that the singer was familiar with from her childhood; the song's lyrics portray M.I.A. being invited by British journalist Ben Anderson on a date while covering a genocide tour across nations in Africa, and both eventually pursuing a romantic relationship. "Jimmy Jimmy Jimmy Aaja" was itself inspired by "T'es OK /" from French Euro disco group Ottawan. Following the moderate chart performance of "Boyz", "Jimmy" was released in Japan in July 2007 as the album's lead single, and the second single in other countries. XL Recordings distributed "Jimmy" in CD single, 7" and 12" formats in the UK on 10 November 2007, however the song leaked in the country prior to release while the singer was on tour. Despite this, the song topped the UK Indie Chart and charted in Greece and Japan where it was a major commercial success. The single began to gain traction on the US Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs chart, peaking at number twenty eight following nine weeks on the chart. "Jimmy" was well received by contemporary music critics, who cited its distinct 1970s style pop sound compared with most songs featured on the album, and complimented its hook and lyrical themes.
Fort is a business district in Mumbai, India. The area was the heart of the city during the 18th century. The area gets its name from the defensive fort, Fort George, built by the British East India Company around Bombay Castle. The area extends from the docks in the east, to Azad Maidan in the west; Victoria Terminus in the north to Kala Ghoda in the south. This area is the heart of the financial area of the city. Institutions such as the Bombay Stock Exchange, Reserve Bank of India and Tata Group headquarters are located in this area.
The nematoceran family Psychodidae are small true flies with short, hairy bodies and wings giving them a "furry" moth-like appearance. The adults have long antennae and the wings are leaf-shaped, either slender or broad, with the most elementary wing venation of any Diptera, having little more than a series of parallel veins without crossveins. Adult Psychodidae are typically nocturnal and associated with damp habitats. The larvae of the subfamilies Psychodinae, Sycoracinae and Horaiellinae live in aquatic to semi-terrestrial habitats, including bathroom sinks; some species are commonly nuisance pests in bathrooms. These pests are commonly removed through use of boiling water, bleach, or drain cleaner. The subfamily Phlebotominae includes many blood feeding species; they are inhabitants of more arid regions and are often called sand flies outside the United States where sand flies are distantly related Nematocera of the Ceratopogonidae. This subfamily is sometimes treated as a separate family Phlebotomidae; the type genus is Phlebotomus. Phlebotominae are a very important group medically, transmitting various tropical diseases, but most importantly kala azar leishmaniasis. Phlebotomus species are also vectors for bartonellosis, verruga peruana, pappataci fever, an arbovirus caused by Sandfly fever viruses such as Naples and Sicilian strains, which are members of the genus Phlebovirus, which also includes the closely related Toscana virus.
In Hindu tradition, Rahu is a cut-off head of an asura, that swallows the sun causing eclipses. He is depicted in art as a serpent with no body riding a chariot drawn by eight black horses. Rahu is one of the navagrahas in Vedic astrology. The Rahu kala is considered inauspicious. According to legend, during the Samudra manthan, the asura Rahu drank some of the amrita. Sun and moon realized it and they alerted Mohini. Before the nectar could pass his throat, Mohini cut off his head. The head, however, remained immortal due to the effect of amrita and became Rahu. It is believed that this immortal head from time to time swallows the sun, causing eclipses. Then, the sun passes through the opening at the neck, ending the eclipse. The body also turned into Ketu due to a boon, and it in turn swallows the moon on timely basis to cause a lunar eclipse. Astronomically, the Moon in its orbit, on a northerly course from South to North, crosses the ecliptic. This point of intersection is known as Rahu or "Dragon's head". 180 degrees away from this point, the Moon on its southerly course crosses the ecliptic. This point is called "the dragon’s tail" or Ketu.
Vyasa is a central and revered figure in most Hindu traditions. He is also sometimes called Veda Vyasa, or Krishna Dvaipayana. He is the author of the Mahabharata, as well as a character in it. He is considered to be the scribe of both the Vedas and Puranas. Vyasa is a kala-Avatar or part-incarnation of the God Vishnu. Vyasa was sometimes conflated by some Vaishnavas with Badarayana, the compiler of the Vedanta Sutras, but Badarayana is none other than Sri Krishna Dvaipayana also called as Sri Veda Vyasa, the incarnation of the Supreme Narayana. Vyāsa is also considered to be one of the seven Chiranjivins, who are still in existence according to general Hindu belief. He is also the fourth member of the Rishi Parampara of the Advaita Guru Paramparā of which Adi Shankara is the chief proponent. The festival of Guru Purnima is dedicated to him. It is also known as Vyasa Purnima for it is the day believed to be both his birthday and the day he divided the Vedas.
Khiva is a city of approximately 50,000 people located in Xorazm Province, Uzbekistan. It is the former capital of Khwarezmia and the Khanate of Khiva. Itchan Kala in Khiva was the first site in Uzbekistan to be inscribed in the World Heritage List.
The Cinema of Andhra Pradesh is a part of Indian cinema, based in Hyderabad, India. Raghupathi Venkaiah Naidu is considered to be the father of Telugu Cinema. Since 1909, he was involved in many aspects of Indian cinemas history, like travelling to different regions in Asia to promote film work. In 1921, He produced Bhishma Pratigna the first silent film in the state. The first film studio in South India, Durga Cinetone was built in 1936 by Nidamarthi Surayya in Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh. The Nandi Awards is the highest award ceremony for excellence in Telugu cinema, Theatre and Television, presented annually at Lalitha Kala Thoranam in Hyderabad, India, by Film, Television and Theatre Development Corporation of the Government of Andhra Pradesh. "Nandi" means "bull", the awards being named after the big granite bull at Lepakshi — a cultural and historical symbol of Andhra Pradesh. 1940 film, Vishwa Mohini, is the first Indian film, depicting the Indian movie world. The film was directed by Y. V. Rao and scripted by Balijepalli Lakshmikanta Kavi, starring Chittor V. Nagaiah in the lead role. 1951 film Malliswari is the first Telugu film, to be screened at International film festivals like Asia Pacific Film Festival. The film had a public release with thirteen prints along with Chinese subtitles at Beijing on 14, March 1953, and a 16 mm film print was also screened in the United States. The film was directed by Bommireddy Narasimha Reddy, the first person to receive the Dada Saheb Phalke Award from South Indian film industry. He was the first Indian film personality, to receive the Padmabhushan in 1974, and the Doctor of Letters honour.
Visceral leishmaniasis, also known as kala-azar, black fever, and Dumdum fever, is the most severe form of leishmaniasis. Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by protozoan parasites of the Leishmania genus. This disease is the second-largest parasitic killer in the world, responsible for an estimated 500,000 infections each year worldwide. The parasite migrates to the internal organs such as liver, spleen, and bone marrow, and, if left untreated, will almost always result in the death of the host. Signs and symptoms include fever, weight loss, mucosal ulcers, fatigue, anemia, and substantial swelling of the liver and spleen. Of particular concern, according to the World Health Organization, is the emerging problem of HIV/VL co-infection.
In the year 1830 the "Father of Panjim", Dom Manual de Portugal e Castro developed a place by making it commercial from urban. This beautiful place situated approximately at a distance of 4 km from Panjim came to be known as "Campal" named after 'Campal de Dom Manual'. The area divided into residential and commercial parts actually starts from the end of the medical college and the road that leads you to Campal is now called ‘Dayanand Bandodkar Marg’, named after the death of first Chief Minister of Goa. As you get to Campal, on the road opposite to the river, there is a big old cannon to the left side that measures about four metres long. In the year 1512, in attempting to capture Goa, it was guarded by Ismail Adil Khan. Just a bit further is a garden in which there is a statue built in 1929 of Francisco Luis Gomes who was a representative in the Cortes, the ‘Lisbon Parliament’ and also the former best advocate not only for Goa but for India too. Campal is now a place in Goa that has everything under one roof. There is the famous Kala Academy, a cultural centre that has lovely indoor and outdoor auditoriums. The recently held IFFI was held here. A bit further one can find a gymkhana that is surrounded by a huge playground. It has various sports facilities like physical training for boys and ladies, indoor games, swimming pools, outdoor games etc. The super market "Magson" is just a few steps to the left. The expensive residential area is reached by taking the road left and the straight road leads you to the Miramar Circle. On the point is the Hindu-Christian Unity statue along with the statue of Afonso Albuquerque on the side and the famous Miramar beach follows on the right hand side. The Directorate of Health Services Goa and The Goa College of Architecture are also located in Campal. Various trade fairs and exhibitions also are often held at the Campal grounds. Also the famous INOX theatre, a very large multiplex having four screens is conveniently located in Campal.
Trand is a town, and one of twenty union councils of Battagram District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. It is located at 34°37'60N 72°58'60E and has an altitude of 1303 metres. Its location is on the western border of Battagram, extending from Landi Kass to Garhi Nawab Syed. Kala Dhaka lies at its Eastern-West side. The majority of the population consists of the highly respected, politically dominant Peer Imami Sayyeds. The most influential political figure was Jamal khan known as khan of Trand made his successor Yousuf Khan, who is the former provincial minister, and has remained a member of the provincial assembly for decades. His son, Taj Muhammad Khan is the current MPA of the area. Zakir Khan, a grandson of Jamal khan, is an active social worker respected by the area's youth running aim of organization is to protect human rights through active participation of community groups which was really the dream of JAMAL KHAN TRAND.
Brem is the traditional fermented food or fermented beverage from Indonesia. There are two types of brem, brem cake that usually eaten as snack from Madiun and Wonogiri, and brem beverage made of rice wine from Bali and Nusa Tenggara, but mostly known from Bali. The time of the appearance of brem in Java is estimated about 1000 A.D., based on investigations which surveyed in the old Javanese inscriptions and literature. Brem beverage consumed and holds important use in temple ceremonies of Hinduism, it called Tetabuhan, an offering beverage for Buto Kala in order to evoke harmony. Brem can be either white or red depending on the proportions of white and black glutinous rice used in production. Brem liquid is very sweet to semi-sweet, yet acidic, and vary in alcohol content from 5% to 14%. Brem cake is produced in two small villages, Wonogiri and Madium. This kind of brem is believed by Indonesian consumer to be important for stimulating the blood system. It is also reported to prevent dermatitis, probably due to the presence of significant amounts of B vitamins produced by the microorganisms. This product is consumed as a snack and not daily available in the family.
"Boyz" is a song recorded by artist M.I.A. for her second album Kala. The song was written and produced by Maya "M.I.A." Arulpragasam and Dave "Switch" Taylor and composed in recording sessions held in several countries. A combination of the native styles and influences of these regions and her traditional and electronic musical roots, the song sees M.I.A. mock and simultaneously praise men for various character traits. "Boyz" is one of the first songs that the artist composed for the album and was released as the album's lead single through XL Recordings and Interscope Records on 11 June 2007, in 12-inch single, CD single, digital download and USB flash drive formats. It additionally appeared in an enhanced EP format for its CD single release, and appeared on the How Many Votes Fix Mix EP edition. On 24 April 2007, "Boyz" received its world premiere on the BBC Radio 1 radio station in London. An uptempo dance song, "Boyz" draws from West Indian soca and Tamil gaana influences, incorporating electronica and club music influences to a 4/4 beat bassline.