Definitions containing c'est la vie*
We've found 123 definitions:
A situation in which two people vie for the love of a third.
abbreviation of Latin id est, that is
— Webster Dictionary
Furthest; -est; used to form superlatives of certain adjectives, especially directional and inherently-comparative ones.
To contend or vie in order to acquire something.
|Knowledge is power|
Knowledge is power
The phrase "scientia potentia est" is a Latin aphorism often claimed to mean organized "knowledge is power". It is commonly attributed to Sir Francis Bacon, although there is no known occurrence of this precise phrase in Bacon's English or Latin writings. However, the expression "ipsa scientia potestas est" occurs in Bacon's Meditationes Sacrae. The exact phrase "scientia potentia est" was written for the first time in the 1651 work Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes, who was secretary to Bacon as a young man. The related phrase "sapientia est potentia" is often translated as "wisdom is power".
Used for forming superlatives of adjectives, especially those that do not form the superlative by adding -est.
— Webster Dictionary
— Webster Dictionary
a. & n. from Vie
— Webster Dictionary
Luxury Liner is an album by country music artist Emmylou Harris, released in 1977. The album was Harris' second successive #1 country album on the Billboard Music Charts, although, unlike the preceding Elite Hotel, there were no #1 hits from this album. The highest charting singles were the #6 Chuck Berry cover " C'est la Vie" and the #8 "Making Believe".
|Scientia potentia est|
Scientia potentia est
The phrase "scientia potentia est" is a Latin aphorism often claimed to mean organized "knowledge is power". It is commonly attributed to Sir Francis Bacon, where the expression "ipsa scientia potestas est" occurs in Bacon's Meditationes Sacrae. The phrase "scientia potentia est" was written in the 1658 work De Homine by Thomas Hobbes, who was secretary to Bacon as a young man. The related phrase "sapientia est potentia" is often translated as "wisdom is power".
A liqueur, made from eau-de-vie, sugar and, as flavor, dried peel of sweet and sour oranges.
adverbial or adjectival forms modified by most or ending in -est, used when comparing three or more things
to vie with, or rival, in return
— Webster Dictionary
Est is a town in the Dutch province of Gelderland. It is a part of the municipality of Neerijnen, and lies about 8 km west of Tiel. In 2001, the town of Est had 600+ inhabitants. The built-up area of the town was 0.065 km², and contained 108 residences. The statistical area "Est", which also can include the peripheral parts of the village, as well as the surrounding countryside, has a population of around 610.
to strive in opposition; to contest; to dispute; to vie; to quarrel; to fight.
|Eau de vie|
Eau de vie
An eau de vie is a clear, colorless fruit brandy that is produced by means of fermentation and double distillation. The fruit flavor is typically very light. In English speaking countries, eau de vie refers to a distilled beverage made from fruit other than grapes. Similar terms may be local translations or may specify the fruit used to produce it. Although eau de vie is a French term, similar beverages are produced in other countries. In French speaking countries, however, there is also the term eau-de-vie de vin, which refers to eaux de vie from grapes, more precisely those that are not made in the Armagnac or Cognac regions of France. These alcoholic beverages are known as French brandy in the English speaking world.
the essence, nature, or distinctive peculiarity, of a thing; that which answers the question, Quid est? or, What is it?
— Webster Dictionary
to vie; to assume a likeness or equality
— Webster Dictionary
to vie; to compete; to be a rival
— Webster Dictionary
to engage in contention, or emulation; to contend; to strive; to vie; to emulate; -- followed usually by with
— Webster Dictionary
to strive in opposition; to contest; to dispute; to vie; to quarrel; to fight
— Webster Dictionary
to vie; to emulate; to strive
— Webster Dictionary
French Style is Dean Martin's first LP for Reprise Records. Recorded during February 1962, it features French-themed popular songs and Chansons arranged by Neal Hefti. Among them "C'est si bon", which frequently appears on Dean Martin compilation albums, a rendition of Edith Piaf's classic La Vie En Rose, the title song from the MGM classic Gigi and two classic Cole Porter tunes. Originally released as Reprise LP R-6021, the album's tracks made their CD debut as part of the chronologically sequenced Bear Family box set "Everybody Loves Somebody". A subsequent two-on-one CD by Collectors' Choice restored the original running order.
The form of an adjective that expresses which of more than two items has the highest degree of the quality expressed by the adjective; in English, formed by appending "-est" to the end of the adjective (for some short adjectives only) or putting "most" before it.
Bahaï is the capital of the Ennedi Est department of Chad. It is located in the Ennedi Region, which was formed in 2008 from the Ennedi Est and Ennedi Ouest departments of the former Bourkou-Ennedi-Tibesti region. Bahaï has been affected by the ongoing Darfur conflict, and the town's United Nations humanitarian forces were reduced to a "minimum presence" in early December 2006 due to the danger posed to workers.
|Non est factum|
Non est factum
Non est factum is a doctrine in contract law that allows a signing party to escape performance of the agreement. A claim of non est factum means that the signature on the contract was signed by mistake, without knowledge of its meaning, but was not done so negligently. A successful plea would make the contract void ab initio. Non est factum is difficult to claim as it does not allow for negligence on the part of the signatory, i.e. failure to read a contract before signing it will not allow for non est factum. In a successful case, the fundamental basis of the signed contract must be completely different from what was intended. In Lloyds Bank v Waterhouse a father acted as a guarantor to his son's debt when purchasing a farm. The father was illiterate and signed the bank document under the belief that he was acting as the guarantor for the farm only, when the contract was actually for all the debt accumulated by the son. As he was illiterate, this was a mistake as to the document signed and the father was successful in claiming non est factum. Another notable case on non est factum is Foster v Mackinnon LR 4 CP 704 where an elderly man signed a bill of exchange but was only shown the back of it. He was granted a new trial.
Vie, is a district, of Oradea, a city in Bihor, Romania. The name means vineyard in Romanian.
Your Money, formerly known as Your $$$$$, is a one-hour news show was hosted by Ali Velshi broadcast by CNN from the Time Warner Center studios in New York City. The show breaks down the business news of the week and shows viewers how it impacts their bottom line. It is the only program on the network devoted to in depth financial coverage. The program is shown on Saturdays at 1 PM EST and Sundays at 3 PM EST.
expressing the highest or lowest degree of the quality, manner, etc., denoted by an adjective or an adverb. The superlative degree is formed from the positive by the use of -est, most, or least; as, highest, most pleasant, least bright
— Webster Dictionary
to strive to equal or to excel in qualities or actions; to imitate, with a view to equal or to outdo, to vie with; to rival; as, to emulate the good and the great
— Webster Dictionary
Air rights are a type of development right in real estate, referring to the empty space above a property. Generally speaking, owning or renting land or a building gives one the right to use and develop the air rights. This legal concept is encoded in the Latin phrase Cuius est solum, eius est usque ad caelum et ad inferos, which appears in medieval Roman law and is credited to 13th century glossator Accursius; it was notably popularized in common law in Commentaries on the Laws of England by William Blackstone; see origins of phrase for details.
"Melt" / "Il Est Né Le Divin Enfant" is a double A-sided single by British rock band Siouxsie and the Banshees released in 1982. It was released as the second and final single from the band's fifth album A Kiss in the Dreamhouse; "Il Est Ne Le Divin Enfant" does not appear on that album. The sensual lyrics of "Melt!" compare an intense sexual interlude with a lover to dying. Its lyrics can also allude to a S&M encounter. "The Baudelairean imagery of 'Melt' evokes claustrophobic scents of opium, sex and sickly flowers, and lapses into morbidity with lines like, 'You are the melting man and, as you melt, you are beheaded,'" observed Dave Morrison in a review of Twice Upon a Time: The Singles. "OK, it's a touch ludicrous, but a great pop song nevertheless." "Il Est Né Le Divin Enfant" is an adaptation of a traditional French Christmas carol. This track was exclusive to this single, and remained unreleased on album or CD for many years, until the appearance of the Siouxsie and the Banshees box set Downside Up in 2004. Released in late 1982, "Melt!"/"Il Est Né Le Divin Enfant" peaked as a double A-side at number 49 in the UK Singles Chart.
"Shit happens" is a common slang phrase, used as a simple existential observation that life is full of imperfections and unforeseeable events, either "Así es la vida" or "C'est la vie". The phrase is an acknowledgment that bad things happen to people for no particular reason. Phrases with similar meaning are such as "stuff happens" or "it happens" and are considered minced oath forms. In the October 14, 1941 episode of the long-running radio show Vic and Sade, "Vic Declines a Cornet Lesson," Sade remarks wearily, "Stuff happens, don't it? Stuff happens." The origin or earliest use of the phrase is uncertain. In a review of The Yale Book of Quotations by Fred Shapiro, The New Yorker critic Louis Menand observed that it was "extremely interesting to know, for instance, that the phrase 'Shit happens' was introduced to print by one Connie Eble, in a publication identified as UNC–CH Slang, in 1983."
|Joinville, Jean, Sire de|
Joinville, Jean, Sire de
French chronicler, seneschal of Champagne, born in Châlons-sur-Marne; author of the "Vie de St. Louis"; followed Louis IX. in the crusade of 1248, but refused to join in that of 1270; he lived through six reigns, and his biography of his sovereign is one of the most remarkable books of the Middle Ages; his "Vie de St. Louis" deals chiefly with the Crusade, and is, says Prof. Saintsbury, "one of the most circumstantial records we have of mediæval life and thought"; it is gossipy, and abounds in digressions (1224-1319).
— The Nuttall Encyclopedia
ambitiously desirous to equal or even to excel another; eager to emulate or vie with another; desirous of like excellence with another; -- with of; as, emulous of another's example or virtues
— Webster Dictionary
|Sanjay Gupta MD|
Sanjay Gupta MD
Sanjay Gupta MD is a medical-centric news program hosted by CNN's in-house physician, Sanjay Gupta. It typically airs on weekends at 7:30 am EST.
French novelist, born in Paris; author of a series of novels in a social interest, entitled "Les Batailles de la Vie;" b. 1848.
— The Nuttall Encyclopedia
Inhumanity is the debut album of Finnish melodic death metal band Mors Principium Est. It was first released in 2003 and later reissued in 2006 with new artwork and three bonus tracks.
Read Out! was a Canadian English language talk show. Read Out! premiered on April 18, 2003 at 7:30 pm EST on Canadian digital cable specialty channel, PrideVision, now known as OUTtv.
to inflect according to the degrees of comparison; to state positive, comparative, and superlative forms of; as, most adjectives of one syllable are compared by affixing "- er" and "-est" to the positive form; as, black, blacker, blackest; those of more than one syllable are usually compared by prefixing "more" and "most", or "less" and "least", to the positive; as, beautiful, more beautiful, most beautiful
— Webster Dictionary
Assia is an Algerian-born French singer with Kabyle origins. Her albums mixed French variety, rhythm and blues, and Oriental music. She had great success with her hit singles "Elle est à toi" and "Là-bas".
Elision is the omission of one or more sounds in a word or phrase, producing a result that is easier for the speaker to pronounce. Sometimes, sounds may be elided for euphonic effect. In Native English, elision comes naturally, and it is often described as "slurred" or "muted." Often, elision is deliberate. It is a common misconception that contractions automatically qualify as elided words, which comes from slack definitions. Not all elided words are contractions and not all contractions are elided words. In French, elision is mandatory in certain contexts, as in the clause C'est la vie. In Spanish, elision occurs less frequently but is common in certain dialects. It is never marked by an apostrophe in writing. Of particular interest is the word para, which becomes pa. Multiple words can be elided together, as in pa trabajar for para trabajar and pa delante or even pa lante for para adelante. An example of deliberate elision occurs in Latin poetry as a stylistic device. Under certain circumstances, such as one word ending in a vowel and the following word beginning in a vowel, the words may be elided together. Elision was a common device in the works of Catullus. For example, the opening line of Catullus 3 is: Lugete, O Veneres Cupidinesque, but would be read as Lugeto Veneres Cupidinesque.
Dolly is a rock band from Nantes, France. The group is popular in France but less well-known elsewhere. Dolly's vocalist Emmanuelle Monet has appeared in many collaborations, including a song together with Apocalyptica on the single "Wie weit/How far/En Vie". Dolly stopped their activity indefinitely after the death of Mickaël Chamberlin in a car accident on 25 May 2005.
|Paul Vidal de la Blache|
Paul Vidal de la Blache
Paul Vidal de la Blache was a French geographer. He is considered to be the founder of modern French geography and also the founder of the French School of Geopolitics. He conceived the idea of genre de vie, which is the belief that the lifestyle of a particular region reflects the economic, social, ideological and psychological identities imprinted on the landscape.
Nightline, or ABC News Nightline is a late-night news program broadcast by ABC in the United States, and has a franchised formula to other networks and stations elsewhere in the world. Created by Roone Arledge, the program featured Ted Koppel as its main anchor from March 1980 until his retirement from the program in November 2005. Nightline airs weeknights at 12:35 a.m. EST, after Jimmy Kimmel Live!. It originally ran for 31 minutes, but in 2011 was reduced to 25 minutes. When the program moved to 12:35 a.m. EST, the program was expanded to 30 minutes. ABC announced that on January 8, 2013, the show's start time would be moved to 12:35 a.m., following Jimmy Kimmel Live!, and would run for 30 minutes. As part of this move, the Nightline staff also produces The Lookout, a one-hour news magazine program on Wednesdays at 10:00pm Eastern/9:00pm Central, starting on May 29, 2013. In 2002, Nightline was ranked 23rd on TV Guide's 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time.
In grammar, the superlative is the form of an adverb or adjective that expresses a degree of the adverb or adjective being used that is greater than any other possible degree of the given descriptor. English superlatives are typically formed with the suffix -est or the word most.
Prodelision is a form of elision in which the latter word loses its first vowels. Example: "Namqu etsi nullum memorabile nomen femine in poena st, habet haec victoria laudem, exstinxisse nefas." The "e" of "est" elides in the second line, rather than the "a" of "poena." This is very common in Latin with forms of the verb "esse."
Automaniac was a TV show hosted by former professional wrestler Bill Goldberg. In each episode, Goldberg told the story of a particular type of vehicle: its origins, its designers, etc. The show aired on Wednesdays at 11 PM EST/10 PM CST on The History Channel and was canceled in August 2005.
The golden shiner is a cyprinid fish native to eastern North America. It is the sole member of its genus. Much used as a bait fish, it is probably the most widely pond-cultured fish in the United States. It can be found in Quebec and its French name is "Mené jaune" or "Chatte de l'Est".
The TGV is France's high-speed rail service, operated by SNCF Voyages, the long-distance rail branch of SNCF, the national rail operator. It was developed during the 1970s by GEC-Alsthom and SNCF. Originally designed to be powered by gas turbines, the prototypes evolved into electric trains with the petrol crisis of 1973. Following the inaugural TGV service between Paris and Lyon in 1981 on the LGV Sud-Est, the TGV network, centred on Paris, has expanded to connect cities across France and in adjacent countries on both high-speed and conventional lines. A TGV test train set the record for the fastest wheeled train, reaching 574.8 km/h on 3 April 2007. In mid-2011, scheduled TGV trains operated at the highest speeds in conventional train service in the world, regularly reaching 320 km/h on the LGV Est and the LGV Méditerranée. A TGV service held the record for the fastest scheduled rail journey with a start to stop average speed of 279.4 km/h, surpassed by the Chinese CRH service Harmony express on the Wuhan–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway from December 2009 until July 2011.
Opéra bouffe is a genre of late 19th-century French operetta, closely associated with Jacques Offenbach, who produced many of them at the Théâtre des Bouffes-Parisiens that gave its name to the form. Opéras bouffes are known for elements of comedy, satire, parody and farce. The most famous examples are La belle Hélène, Barbe-bleue, La vie parisienne, La Périchole and La Grande-Duchesse de Gérolstein.
Gitanas is a Mexican telenovela which aired in 2004. It was largely based on the Chilean telenovela Romané, and was co-produced by the Mexican company Argos Comunicación and Telemundo. It aired at 9PM EST and PST from late 2004 until mid-2005. On September 26, 2007 at 10:00 am, Gitanas aired once again.This telenovela was aired in 6 countries around the world.
A cenogram is a graphical comparison of the average adult weight of mammalian species within a terrestrial area. In studying ancient communities, it is used to draw conclusions about biome, including whether a biome is species rich, its relative humidity and level of forestation. Cenograms were introduced in 1964 by J.A. Valverde in Terre et Vie and have become common in the study of prehistoric fauna of the northern hemisphere.
Nawell Azzouz better known as Wallen is a French R&B singer. Her stage name comes from the rearrangement of the letters of her first name. She is in no way connected to the Wallen family of the United States. She was born in Saint-Denis, France, to Moroccan parents. As a child, she learned to play the violin and developed a passion for singing. She grew up listening to Funk, Hip hop, and R&B. She decided to become a singer after seeing Lauryn Hill in the movie Sister Act 2. Influenced by Aaliyah, Wallen made her recording debut with producer Sullee B Wax, and female rapper Sté Strass. In 1998, she was featured on the French RnB compilation "24 Carats", with "Je ne pleurs pas". Her first hit came with Celle Qui Dit Non with the rapper Shurik'n. In 2004, she released the album Avoir La Vie Devant Soi which includes the singles Bouge Cette Vie, L'Olivier, and Donna. She also sang with Usher on the French version of U Got It Bad. She is married to the French rapper Abd al Malik. With Abd al Malik and a few other rappers she created a group called Beni Snassen, who recorded an album under that name. In 2008, she released her 3rd album "Misericorde".
"A cause" is the third and last single released in France from Céline Dion's French album D'elles. It was sent to the radio stations on January 21, 2008. At the same time "Alone" was released to promote Dion's English album Taking Chances. Both tracks were included on the "A cause" promotional single. "A cause" was written by Françoise Dorin and Jacques Veneruso, who also produced this track. Céline Dion performed it during the French TF1 TV special dedicated to the issue of her album D'elles, in May 2007. She also performed "A cause" on Vivement Dimanche during her visit in France, in November 2007. The performance was supposed to be broadcast on France 2 in May 2008, during the French leg of the Taking Chances Tour, but it was cancelled. "A cause" was remixed by Dj Rien - French producer, composer and remixer. There was no music video made for this track. D'elles includes also another version of "A cause," called "On s'est aimé à cause." It was recorded with music by Marc Dupré and Jean-François Breau, and produced by Tino Izzo. This version includes the original lyrics written by Françoise Dorin, which were modified to fit the danceable arrangement of "A cause." In August 2007, "On s'est aimé à cause" was released as a radio single in Quebec. Radio stations in France started to play it at the end of January 2008, together with "A cause."
Édith Piaf, born Édith Giovanna Gassion, was a French singer who became widely regarded as France's national diva, as well as being one of France's greatest international stars. Her singing reflected her life, with her specialty being of Chanson and ballads, particularly of love, loss and sorrow. Among her songs are "La Vie en rose", "Non, je ne regrette rien", "Hymne à l'amour", "Milord", "La Foule", "l'Accordéoniste", and "Padam ... Padam ...".
Couscous is a traditional Berber dish of semolina which is cooked by steaming. It is traditionally served with a meat or vegetable stew spooned over it. Couscous is a staple food throughout the North African cuisines of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Mauritania and Libya. Couscous was voted as the third favourite dish of French people in 2011 in a study by TNS Sofres for magazine Vie Pratique Gourmand and the first in East of France.
L5 was a French girl group playing pop music. The group is known for their participation in the French Popstars TV programme in its first season in 2001. L5 reached the 50th position in the list of French best-selling singles and 48th position in the list of French number-one hits of 2001 with their song "Toutes les femmes de ta vie". They toured in France with Jérémy Chatelain in 2003 and with Billy Crawford in 2006. "Make a Change", on the album Destiny by No Angels, is an English-language remake of L5's single "Reste Encore".
Acrophony is the naming of letters of an alphabetic writing system so that a letter's name begins with the letter itself. For example, Greek letter names are acrophonic: the names of the letters α, β, γ, δ, are spelled with the respective letters: ἄλφα, βῆτα, γάμμα, δέλτα. The paradigm for acrophonic alphabets is the Phoenician alphabet, in which the letter A, representing the sound, is thought to have derived from an Egyptian hieroglyph representing an ox, and is called "ox", ʾalp, which starts with the glottal stop sound the letter represents. The Latin alphabet is descended from the Phoenician, and the stylized head of an ox can still be seen if the letter A is turned upside-down: ∀. The second letter of the Phoenician alphabet is bet representing the sound, and from ālep-bēt we have the word "alphabet" - another case where the beginning of a thing gives the name to the whole, which was in fact common practice in the ancient Near East. The Glagolitic and early Cyrillic alphabets, although not consisting of ideograms, also have letters named acrophonically. The letters representing /a, b, v, g, d, e/ are named Az, Buky, Vedi, Glagol, Dobro, Est. Naming the letters in order, one recites a poem, a mnemonic which helps students and scholars learn the alphabet: Az buky vedi, glagol’ dobro est’ means "I know letters, [the] word is good" in Old Church Slavonic.
Challengers is a shōnen-ai manga by the Japanese manga artist Hinako Takanaga, who also authored Little Butterfly and The Devil's Secret. The first volume of this series was originally called Goukaku kigan before the series was retitled Challengers. Challengers is licensed in German by Tokyopop Germany under the title Küss mich, Student! and in French by Taifu Comics under the title Rien n'est impossible. A spin off series to Challengers, which follows Tomoe's older brother Souichi, is titled The Tyrant Falls in Love.
An addendum, in general, is an addition required to be made to a document by its author subsequent to its printing or publication. It comes from the Latin verbal phrase addendum est, being the gerundive form of the verb addo, addere, addidi, additum, "to give to, add to", meaning " must be added". Addenda is from the plural form addenda sunt, " which must be added"..
Kittim was a settlement in present-day Larnaca on the west coast of Cyprus, known in ancient times as Kition, or Citium. On this basis, the whole island became known as "Kittim" in Hebrew, including the Hebrew Bible. However the name seems to have been employed with some flexibility in Hebrew literature. It was often applied to all the Aegean islands and even to "the W[est] in general, but esp[ecially] the seafaring W[est]". Flavius Josephus records in his Antiquities of the Jews that The expression "isles of Kittim", found in the Book of Jeremiah 2:10 and Ezekiel 27:6, indicates that, some centuries prior to Josephus, this designation had already become a general descriptor for the Mediterranean islands. Sometimes this designation was further extended to apply to Romans, Macedonians or Seleucid Greeks. The Septuagint translates the occurrence of "Kittim" in the Book of Daniel 11:30 as ῥωμαῖοι. 1 Maccabees 1:1 states that "Alexander the Great the Macedonian" had come from the "land of Kittim". In the War of the Sons of Light Against the Sons of Darkness from the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Kittim are referred to as being "of Asshur". Eleazar Sukenik argued that this reference to Asshur should be understood to refer to the Seleucid Empire which controlled the territory of the former Assyrian Empire at that time, but his son Yigael Yadin interpreted this phrase as a veiled reference to the Romans.
French novelist and poet, born at Paris; is chiefly distinguished as the author of "Scènes de la Vie de Bohême," from his own experiences, and instinct with pathos and humour, sadness his predominant tone; wrote lyrics as well as novels and stories, the chief "La Chanson de Musette," "a tear," says Gautier, "which has become a pearl of poetry" (1822-1861).
— The Nuttall Encyclopedia
TTC is an alternative hip hop band from Paris, France. It is composed of MCs Tido Berman, Teki Latex and Cuizinier, DJ Orgasmic and producers Tacteel and Para One. Their first album, Ceci N'est Pas Un Disque, was released on Big Dada in 2002. They released the second album, Batards Sensibles, in 2005. It features vocal contributions from Busdriver and Radioinactive. Their thid album, 3615 TTC, was released in 2007.
Bambino was Dalida's first major hit, released as a single in 1956, and on the album Son Nom Est Dalida in 1957. It is a cover of the Italian song Guaglione, written and sung by Aurelio Fierro. The song was high on the French singles charts for months, scoring 45 weeks in the Top 10. It also appeared in OSS 117: Cairo, Nest of Spies, in 2006, sung in Arabic by Jean Dujardin.
|Pierre de Marivaux|
Pierre de Marivaux
Pierre Carlet de Chamblain de Marivaux, commonly referred to as Marivaux, was a French novelist and dramatist. He is considered one of the most important French playwrights of the 18th century, writing numerous comedies for the Comédie-Française and the Comédie-Italienne of Paris. His most important works are Le Triomphe de l'amour, Le Jeu de l'amour et du hasard and Les Fausses Confidences. He also published a number of essays and two important but unfinished novels, La Vie de Marianne and Le Paysan parvenu.
Abitibi was a former provincial electoral district in Quebec, Canada which elected members to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec. It was located in the general area of the modern-day Abitibi-Témiscamingue region in Western Quebec. It was created for the 1923 election from parts of the Témiscamingue electoral district. Its last election was in 1939. It disappeared in the 1944 election and was split into Abitibi-Ouest and Abitibi-Est.
In regard to the reading of prayers with a graceful tone or accent, so to make an impression on the hearers, there was a person appointed, in monasteries, to hear the monks read, who instructed them how to perform it, before they were admitted to read publicly in the church, or before the people. This was called auscultare, q.d. to hear, listen. "Quicunque Lecturus vel Cantaturus est aliquid in Monasterio; si necesse babeat ab eo, viz. Cantore, priusquam incipiat debet Auscultare." — Lanfranc in Decreta pro ordinis S. Benedicti.
|Dulce et Decorum est|
Dulce et Decorum est
"Dulce et Decorum est" is a poem written by poet Wilfred Owen in 1917 during World War I, and published posthumously in 1920. The Latin title roughly translates to "it is sweet and honorable...", which, in the following line, is followed by a phrase translating to "to die for the fatherland". Owen's poem is known for its horrific imagery and condemnation of war. It was drafted at Craiglockhart in the first half of October 1917 and later revised, probably at Scarborough but possibly Ripon, between January and March 1918. The earliest surviving manuscript is dated 8 October 1917 and addressed to his mother, Susan Owen, with the message "Here is a gas poem done yesterday,."
Fada is the capital of the Ennedi Ouest department of Chad. It is located in the Ennedi Region, which was formed in 2008 from the Ennedi Ouest and Ennedi Est departments of the former Bourkou-Ennedi-Tibesti region. Lying in the Ennedi Plateau, it has a population of 23,786. It is known for the surrounding cave paintings and rock formations, while the Guelta d'Archei and a wood growing in a wadi are local attractions. It is the birthplace of the current President of Chad, Idriss Déby. The town is served by Fada Airport.
Brandy is a spirit produced by distilling wine. Brandy generally contains 35–60% alcohol by volume and is typically taken as an after-dinner drink. Some brandies are aged in wooden casks, some are coloured with caramel colouring to imitate the effect of aging, and some brandies are produced using a combination of both aging and colouring. Brandy is also produced from fermented fruits other than grapes, but these products are typically named eaux-de-vie, especially in French. In some countries, fruit flavouring or some other flavouring may be added to a spirit that is called "brandy".
Testees is a Canadian television series, created by Kenny Hotz and written and produced by Kenny Hotz and Derek Harvie. Testees originally aired on Thursdays at 10:30 PM EST on FX and ran from October 9, 2008 to December 18, 2008. and debuted on October 14, 2008 on Showcase in Canada. The show is filmed in Toronto and Hamilton, Ontario. Testees is now showing on FX in the UK, I.Sat in Brazil and Comedy Central in Germany, Austria and the Netherlands. After one season, Testees was not renewed by FX.
Walkups is the debut novella by the Canadian author Lance Blomgren, published by Conundrum Press. The first printing quickly sold out following its release, having already been excerpted in various magazines and on the internet. It was followed by a companion piece, Corner Pieces in 2004. The novel has since been translated into French by Éditions Adage, translated by Elizabeth Robert, and published as Walkups: Scènes de la vie Montréalaise. A second printing of the novella was released by conundrum press in May 2009. The title evokes the typical street-side apartment living of large eastern North American cities in general, and the winding staircases typical to Montreal in particular.
Derib is a Swiss francophone comics creator, one of the most famous in Europe, who started his professional career at Peyo's studio. He is probably best known for his Western comics such as the children's comic Yakari, and the more mature works Buddy Longway and Celui-qui-est-né-deux-fois. He draws in both a realistic style, and a cartoon style, with a fondness for drawing majestic landscapes of the American West. Many of his major works feature Sioux Native Americans in leading roles, and he has stated in interviews that he holds great admiration for the tribe.
Wilfred Edward Salter Owen MC was an English poet and soldier, one of the leading poets of the First World War. His shocking, realistic war poetry on the horrors of trenches and gas warfare was heavily influenced by his friend and mentor Siegfried Sassoon, and stood in stark contrast both to the public perception of war at the time and to the confidently patriotic verse written by earlier war poets such as Rupert Brooke. Among his best-known works – most of which were published posthumously – are "Dulce et Decorum Est", "Insensibility", "Anthem for Doomed Youth", "Futility" and "Strange Meeting".
Yekra’s central functionality is a dynamic, lightweight, embeddable player that allows content rights-holders to display a trailer as well as sell VOD, EST, physical merchandise and digital gifts to consumers (with our without DRM, depending on the customers preference) from within it via any connected device around the world.In addition to the player, Yekra has built the first digital marketing suite that empowers an ever-growing network of resellers to curate, embed and offer any content uploaded into the Yekra platform to their own users from within their own websites or through their own social media profiles, in exchange for a distribution percentage of all revenue they generate.Yekra helps rights-holders break through the noise in a cost efficient way, targeting consumers who care most about their productWe like to call this Social Distribution and we believe it is the future.
'ADEPS is an administrative service of the Ministry of the French Community of Belgium charged with the promotion of sport and physical education amongst the population of the French-speaking community. Its name is an acronym for "Administration de l'Éducation physique, du Sport et de la Vie en Plein Air". Its equivalent in the Flemish Community is Bloso. Created in 1969, these two entities were formerly a single service, INEPS, created in 1956 from the Ministry of National Education and Culture. ADEPS and BLOSO are charged with all aspects of sport development in their own territory, from the training of coaches, growth of sporting clubs, events, and communal sporting functions.
Pointe-aux-Trembles is a provincial electoral district in the Montreal region of Quebec, Canada that elects members to the National Assembly of Quebec. The district is located at the north-east point of the Island of Montreal and comprises the city of Montréal-Est and part of the Rivière-des-Prairies–Pointe-aux-Trembles borough of Montreal. It was created for the 1989 election from parts of Anjou, Bourget and LaFontaine electoral districts. In the change from the 2001 to the 2011 electoral map, its territory was unchanged. In the 1995 Quebec referendum it voted 63% for Quebec to separate.
Banon is a French cheese made in the region around the town of Banon in Provence, south-east France. Also known as Banon à la feuille, it is an unpasteurized cheese made from goat's milk and is circular in shape, around 7 cm in diameter and 2.5 cm in height, and weighing around 100 g. This pungent uncooked, unpressed cheese consists of a fine soft white pâte that is wrapped in chestnut leaves and tied with raffia prior to shipping. The Provençal specialty fromage fort du Mont Ventoux is made by placing a young banon in an earthenware jar. The cheese is then seasoned with salt and pepper, doused in vinegar and eau-de-vie and left in a cool cellar to ferment. The concoction will last for many years becoming increasingly fierce in taste.
La bohème is an opera in four acts, composed by Giacomo Puccini to an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa, based on Scènes de la vie de bohème by Henri Murger. The world premiere performance of La bohème was in Turin on 1 February 1896 at the Teatro Regio, conducted by the young Arturo Toscanini. Since then, La bohème has become part of the standard Italian opera repertory and is one of the most frequently performed operas worldwide. In 1946, fifty years after the opera's premiere, Toscanini conducted a performance of it on radio with the NBC Symphony Orchestra. This performance was eventually released on records and on Compact Disc. It is the only recording of a Puccini opera by its original conductor.
SubSpace is a two-dimensional space shooter computer game published in 1997 by Virgin Interactive Entertainment which was a finalist for the Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences Online Game of the Year Award in 1998. SubSpace incorporates quasi-realistic zero-friction physics into a massively multiplayer online game. It is no longer operated by VIE; instead, fans and players of the game provide servers and technical updates. The action is viewed from above, which presents challenges very different from those of a three-dimensional game. The game has no built-in story or set of goals; players may enter a variety of servers, each of which have differing objectives, maps, sounds, and graphics. SubSpace is widely considered an early entry in the massively multiplayer online genre due to its unprecedented player counts.
|Noli me tangere|
Noli me tangere
Noli me tangere, meaning "don't touch me" / "touch me not", is the Latin version of words spoken, according to John 20:17, by Jesus to Mary Magdalene when she recognized him after his resurrection. The original Koine Greek phrase, Μή μου ἅπτου, is better represented in translation as "cease holding on to me" or "stop clinging to me". The biblical scene of Mary Magdalene's recognizing Jesus Christ after his resurrection became the subject of a long, widespread and continuous iconographic tradition in Christian art from late antiquity to the present. So Pablo Picasso for example used the painting Noli me tangere by Antonio da Correggio, stored in the Museo del Prado, as an iconographic source for his famous painting La Vie from the so-called Blue Period.
Ungava is a provincial electoral district in the Nord-du-Québec region of Quebec, Canada that elects members to the National Assembly of Quebec. It includes all of the Nord-du-Québec region except for the Naskapi village municipality of Kawawachikamach. It covers the Ungava Peninsula of northern Quebec and includes the municipalities of Matagami, Chibougamau and Chapais as well as the hydroelectric dams near James Bay, numerous First Nations reserves including the Cree communities of Eeyou Istchee, and the Inuit communities of Nunavik. It was created for the 1981 election from Abitibi-Est and Abitibi-Ouest electoral districts. In the change from the 2001 to the 2011 electoral map, it lost the unorganized territories of Caniapiscau and Lac-Juillet to Duplessis electoral district.
Zotto was the military leader of the Lombards in the Mezzogiorno. He is generally considered the founder of the Duchy of Benevento in 571 and its first duke : “…Fuit autem primus Langobardorum dux in Benevento nomine Zotto, qui in ea principatus est per curricula viginti annorum…”. With his troops, he penetrated Campania in August 570, confronting the Byzantines, whom he defeated consistently. He fixed his camp in Benevento, which became the capital of the new duchy. He tried to take Naples, but failed and had to lift the siege. As a duke he was quasi-independent, the north of the peninsula being under the control of the Lombard king Authari, who had little influence in the south. He finally submitted to royal authority in 589. He died in 591 and was succeeded by Arechis.
Lunatique is the name of the third studio album recorded by French singer Jenifer Bartoli. It was released on November 5, 2007 and contains the hit singles "Tourner ma page", "Comme un hic" and "Si c'est une île". The album topped the chart in France, and was also a success in Belgium, earning a Gold certification. The music of this album was composed by Jenifer and her husband, Maxim Nucci. However, it also contained collaborations with lyricist David Verlant, who wrote almost all the songs. Matthieu Chedid participated in the song "Touche-moi" and other titles, playing the guitar and the French actor Guillaume Canet participated in "Nos futurs". The strings and brass were arranged by Simon Hale and recorded at the Angel studio in London. The mixing of the album was done by Bob Clearmountain.
Guernica is a painting by Pablo Picasso. It was created in response to the bombing of Guernica, a Basque Country village in northern Spain by German and Italian warplanes at the behest of the Spanish Nationalist forces, on 26 April 1937, during the Spanish Civil War. The Spanish Republican government commissioned Picasso to create a large mural for the Spanish display at the Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne at the 1937 World's Fair in Paris. Guernica shows the tragedies of war and the suffering it inflicts upon individuals, particularly innocent civilians. This work has gained a monumental status, becoming a perpetual reminder of the tragedies of war, an anti-war symbol, and an embodiment of peace. Upon completion Guernica was displayed around the world in a brief tour, becoming famous and widely acclaimed. This tour helped bring the Spanish Civil War to the world's attention.
FERT, the motto of the Royal House of Italy, the House of Savoy, was adopted by King Vittorio Amedeo II. It appeared for the first time on the collar of the Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation or Ordine Supremo della Santissima Annunziata, the primary dynastic order of the kingdom. This ceased to be a national order when Italy became a republic in 1946. The order remains under the jurisdiction of the head of the House of Savoy, however, as hereditary Sovereign and Grand Master. The meaning of the letters has been a matter of some controversy, to which a number of interpretations have been offered. The motto is believed an acronym of:— ⁕Foedere et Religione Tenemur; although others have suggested:— ⁕Fortitudo Eius Rhodum Tenuit, referring to the victory of Amadeus V, Count of Savoy, who fought against the Saracens at the 1310 siege of Rhodes; or either ⁕Fortitudo Eius Republicam Tenet; or ⁕Fides Est Regni Tutela.
|Sully, Maximilien de Béthune, Duke of|
Sully, Maximilien de Béthune, Duke of
celebrated minister of Henry IV. of France, born at the Château of Rosny, near Mantes, whence he was known at first as the Baron de Rosny; at first a ward of Henry IV. of Navarre, he joined the Huguenot ranks along with him, and distinguished himself at Coutras and Ivry, and approved of Henry's policy in changing his colours on his accession to the throne, remaining ever after by his side as most trusted adviser, directing the finances of the country with economy, and encouraging the peasantry in the cultivation of the soil; used to say, "Labourage et pasteurage, voilà les deux mamelles dont La France est alimentée, les vraies mines et trésors de Pérou," "Tillage and cattle-tending are the two paps whence France sucks nourishment; these are the true mines and treasures of Peru;" on the death of the king he retired from court, and occupied his leisure in writing his celebrated "Memoirs," which, while they show the author to be a great statesman, give no very pleasant idea of his character (1560-1611).
— The Nuttall Encyclopedia
Habanera is the popular name for the aria "L'amour est un oiseau rebelle" from Georges Bizet's 1875 opera Carmen. It is the entrance aria of the title character, a mezzo-soprano role, in scene 5 of the first act. The vocal range covers D4 to F♯5 with a tessitura from D4 to D5. The score of this aria was adapted from the habanera "El Arreglito", originally composed by the Spanish musician Sebastián Yradier. Bizet thought it to be a folk song; when others told him he had used something that had been written by a composer who had died only ten years earlier, he had to add a note to the vocal score of Carmen, acknowledging its source. The French libretto was written by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy. It is based on a descending chromatic scale followed by variants of the same phrase in first the minor and then the major key, corresponding to the vicissitudes of love expressed in the lyrics.
Aqua vitae or aqua vita is an archaic name for a concentrated aqueous solution of ethanol. The term was in wide use during the Middle Ages, although its origin is undoubtedly much earlier, having been used by Saint Patrick and his fellow monks to refer to both the alcohol and the waters of baptism. This Latin term appears in a wide array of dialectical forms throughout all lands and people conquered by ancient Rome. Generally, the term is a generic name for all types of distillates, and eventually came to refer specifically to distillates of alcoholic beverages and liquors. Aqua vitae was typically prepared by distilling wine; it was sometimes called "spirits of wine" in English texts, a name for brandy that had been repeatedly distilled. A local translation of aqua vitae was often applied to an important, locally produced distilled spirits. This gave rise to terms such as whisky, eau de vie in France, acquavite in Italy, and akvavit in Scandinavia, okowita in Poland, оковита in Ukraine, акавіта in Belarus, and яковита' in southern Russian dialects.
30 Days is a reality television show on the FX cable network in the United States, created and hosted by Morgan Spurlock. In each episode, Spurlock, or some other person or group of people, spend 30 days immersing themselves in a particular lifestyle with which they are unfamiliar, while discussing related social issues. As in Spurlock's film, Super Size Me, there are a number of rules unique to each situation which must be followed during each such experiment. At least one episode each season has featured Spurlock as the person spending the month in the particular lifestyle. Season one premiered on June 15, 2005, and its respective DVD set was released July 11, 2006. The second season premiered on July 26, 2006. Season 3 of 30 Days premiered on June 3, 2008. FX said on November 6 that it would not be renewing the series for a fourth season, effectively canceling the show. The show has recently been picked up for re-air by Planet Green, though no new episodes have been ordered. In the United Kingdom, the program is broadcast on More4 and Channel 4. In Australia, the program is broadcast on Network Ten and Lifestyle Channel. It currently airs in Canada on Independent Film Channel and Canal Vie. It also airs on FX in Latin America. In Norway it airs on TV 2. In Sweden it airs on TV4 and Kanal 9.
Borgo, is the 14th historic district of Rome, Italy. It lies on the west bank of the Tiber, and has a trapezoidal shape. Its coat of arms shows a lion, lying in front of three mounts and a star. These - together with a lion rampant - are also part of the coat of arms of Pope Sixtus V who annexed Borgo as fourteenth rione to the city of Rome. The Borgo borders the Vatican City to the west, the Tiber to the east, Prati to the north, the quartiere Aurelio to the southwest and Trastevere to the south. The territory of the quarter includes a level part, which is made of the alluvial sands of Tiber, and a hilly zone, which coincides with the clay-laden slopes of the Vatican hill. In administrative terms, the Borgo, unlike Trastevere, does not belong to the Center, but to the XVII Municipio, together with the rione of Prati and the quartieri Trionfale and Della Vittoria. The main roads run east-west and are not named Vie, but Borghi. Although heavily transformed during the first half of the 20th century, the Borgo maintains its historical importance as a forecourt to Saint Peter's Basilica and the Vatican Palace.
The Rubicon is a shallow river in northeastern Italy, about 80 kilometres long, running from the Apennine Mountains to the Adriatic Sea through the southern Emilia-Romagna region, between the towns of Rimini and Cesena. The Latin word rubico comes from the adjective "rubeus", meaning "red". The river was so named because its waters are colored red by mud deposits. It was key to protecting Rome from civil war. The idiom "Crossing the Rubicon" means to pass a point of no return, and refers to Julius Caesar's army's crossing of the river in 49 BC, which was considered an act of insurrection. Because the course of the river has changed much since then, it is impossible to confirm exactly where the Rubicon flowed when Caesar and his legions crossed it, even though most evidence links it to the river officially so named. The river is perhaps most known as the place where Julius Caesar uttered the famous phrase "alea iacta est" - the die is cast.
Jamil Azzaoui, also known as just Jamil is a Canadian humorous artist / comedian, musician and an artist agent of Moroccan origin living in Montreal and well known in France and the francophone countries. Being born to a Muslim Moroccan father and a Québécoise Catholic mother, he lived his childhood in various countries including Egypt, France where he studied at École royale militaire de Sorèze, and Morocco, he returned to Canada and studied at Promédia, an arts school in Montreal. After graduation, in 1981 he became a morning radio personality at CIBL-FM and later on CINQ-FM Radio Centre-Ville. In 1985, he married Catherine Karnas. Catherine, a singer, was promoted by her husband. They were divorced later. He became an agent for many artists through his company "Pépé Inc". He also has his own series of recordings. His album Pitié pour les femmes was a big success. The follow-up Pitie pour les bums was a similar success. His song "Un signe de toi" featured in the hit parades of several stations including Rythme FM. Other humorous songs followed including "Pitié pour les femmes", "Fuck, faut qu'tu changes", "C'est pas moi ça".
Intraspecific competition is a particular form of competition in which members of the same species vie for the same resource in an ecosystem. This can be contrasted with interspecific competition, in which different species compete. For example, two trees of the same species growing close together will compete for light, water and nutrients in the soil. Getting less resources, they will perform more poorly than if they grew by themselves. Trees have therefore adapted to grow taller or develop larger root systems through natural selection. Grasshoppers provide an animal example. By eating grass, individual grasshoppers deprive their fellow conspecifics of food. This is an example of exploitation competition, which means that the grasshoppers do not interact directly with each other, but rather have a negative effect on others' growth and reproduction by their effect on a resource. In other cases, intraspecific competition may be a case of interference competition, in which the animals interact directly. This is the case, most notably, in territorial animals: some individuals actively prevent others from exploiting a given resource, usually food or space.
Liberal nationalism, also known as civic nationalism or civil nationalism, is a kind of nationalism identified by political philosophers who believe in a non-xenophobic form of nationalism compatible with liberal values of freedom, tolerance, equality, and individual rights. Ernest Renan and John Stuart Mill are often thought to be early liberal nationalists. Liberal nationalists often defend the value of national identity by saying that individuals need a national identity in order to lead meaningful, autonomous lives and that democratic polities need national identity in order to function properly. Liberal nationalism is the form of nationalism where the state derives political legitimacy from the active participation of its citizenry, to the degree that it represents the "general will". It is often seen as originating with Jean-Jacques Rousseau and especially the social contract theories which take their name from his 1762 book The Social Contract. Liberal nationalism lies within the traditions of rationalism and liberalism, but as a form of nationalism it is contrasted with ethnic nationalism. Membership of the civic nation is considered voluntary, as in Ernest Renan's classical definition in "Qu'est-ce qu'une nation?" of the nation as a "daily referendum" characterized by the "will to live together". Civic-national ideals influenced the development of representative democracy in countries such as the United States and France.
Stella was a short-lived television series that originally ran from June 28, 2005 to August 30, 2005 on the American television channel Comedy Central, created by and starring Michael Ian Black, Michael Showalter, and David Wain, the three members of the sketch comedy troupe of the same name and former cast members of MTV's The State. Stella, as a comedy troupe, has existed since 1997. It has a cult following and plays to sold out shows across the USA. The show aired on Tuesdays at 10:30 PM, EST. In September, after 10 episodes, Stella's timeslot was filled by Mind of Mencia. On March 8, 2006, the following message was posted on Stella's official website: "The STELLA series was on Comedy Central last summer. The network has officially decided not to renew it for a second season," thus effectively cancelling the series. The first season DVD was released on September 12, 2006. Episodes have also been available on iTunes and Hulu and some episodes on Joost. Stella premiered in Australia on The Comedy Channel on May 3, 2007.
Neosocialism was a political trend of socialism, represented in France during the 1930s and in Belgium, which included several revisionist tendencies in the French Section of the Workers' International. In the wake of the Great Depression, a group of right-wing members, led by Henri de Man in Belgium, founder of planisme, and in France Marcel Déat, Pierre Renaudel, René Belin, the "neo-Turks" of the Radical-Socialist Party, opposed themselves both to Marxism and to gradual reformism. Instead, influenced by Henri de Man's planisme, they promoted a "constructive revolution" headed by the state and technocrats, through economic planification. Such ideas also influenced the Non-Conformist Movement in the French right-wing. Marcel Déat published in 1930 Perspectives socialistes, a revisionist work closely influenced by Henri de Man's planisme. Along with over a hundred articles written in La Vie Socialiste, the review of the SFIO's right-wing, Perspective socialistes marked the shift of Déat from classical Socialism to Neo-Socialism. Déat replaced class struggle by collaboration of classes and national solidarity, advocated corporatism as a social organization model, replaced the notion of "Socialism" by "anti-Capitalism" and supported an authoritarian state which would plan the economy and from which parliamentarism would be repealed.
The octosyllable or octosyllabic verse is a line of verse with eight syllables. It is equivalent to tetrameter verse in iambs or trochees in languages with a stress accent. Its first occurrence is in a 10th-century Old French saint's legend, the Vie de Saint Leger; another early use is in the early 12th-century Anglo-Norman Voyage de saint Brendan. It is often used in French, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese poetry. While commonly used in couplets, typical stanzas using octosyllables are: décima, some quatrains, redondilla. In Spanish verse, an octosyllable is a line that has its seventh syllable stressed, on the principle that this would normally be the penultimate syllable of a word. If the final word of a line does not fit this pattern, the line could have eight or seven or nine syllables, thus - In Medieval French literature, the octosyllable rhymed couplet was the most common verse form used in verse chronicles, romances, lais and dits. The meter reached Spain in the 14th century, although commonly with a more varied rhyme scheme than the couplet. The French octosyllablic verse came to England via the Anglo-Norman poets from the 12th-13th centuries and influenced 4 stress tetrameter verse used in narration.
Eteocretan is the non-Greek language of a few alphabetic inscriptions of ancient Crete. In eastern Crete about half a dozen inscriptions have been found which, though written in Greek alphabets, are clearly not Greek. These inscriptions date from the late 7th or early 6th century down to the 3rd century BC. The language, which is not understood, is probably a survival of a language spoken on Crete before the arrival of Greeks and may well be derived from the Minoan language preserved in the Linear A inscriptions of a millennium earlier. But as that language still remains to be deciphered, we cannot say for sure that Eteocretan and Minoan are related. Ancient testimony suggests that the language is that of the Eteocretans, i.e. "True Cretans." Unfortunately, the term 'Eteocretan' is sometimes applied to the Minoan language written more than a millennium earlier in so-called Cretan 'hieroglyphics' and in the Linear A script. But as Yves Duhoux, who is probably the leading authority on Eteocretan today, wrote: 'il est essentiel de séparer rigoureusement l'étude de l'étéocrétois de celle des inscriptions ″hiéroglyphiques″ et linéaires A'.
The word grog refers to a variety of alcoholic beverages. The word originally referred to a drink made with water or "small beer" and rum, which British Vice Admiral Edward Vernon introduced into the Royal Navy on 21 August 1740. Vernon wore a coat of grogram cloth and was nicknamed Old Grogram or Old Grog. Modern versions of the drink are often made with hot or boiling water, and sometimes include lemon juice, lime juice, cinnamon or sugar to improve the taste. Rum with water, sugar and nutmeg was known as bumbo and was more popular with pirates and merchantmen. By contrast, in Australia and New Zealand the word has come to mean any alcoholic drink. In Sweden and some subcultures within the English-speaking world, grog is a common description of drinks not made to a recipe, but by mixing various kinds of alcohol and soda, fruit juice or similar ingredients. The difference between the Swedish definition of grog and long drinks, mixed drinks or punches is the number of ingredients. The number of ingredients in drinks may vary, but grog typically has just one kind of liquor and one kind of a non-alcoholic beverage. Grosshandlargrogg refers to a mix of Eau de vie and Trocadero.
Paramedics was a medical-based television reality show that ran on TLC from 1999 to 2001 and now runs infrequently on Discovery Health Channel. A spin-off of Trauma: Life in the E.R., Paramedics followed the activities of teams of EMTs and paramedics in a number of large urban centers in the United States. The series was never as popular in its original run on TLC as its parent show Trauma, but it has found a home on Discovery Health Channel, serving in a four-show rotation in the 1800-2000 EST/EDT time block with Code Blue: New Orleans, Code Blue: Savannah, and Trauma: Life in the ER. The show had no regular cast; every week featured a different city and a different group of paramedics. Actor Michael McGlone narrated the series. Composer Chuck Hammer scored the series. The excitement as well as the occasional tedium of being a member of a paramedic team is evident, as cases ranging from life-and-death to broken wrists to false calls are all featured. The show differed from Trauma: Life in the E.R. in that it did not show surgeries and hospital discharges. Instead, it focused on the importance of a paramedic's immediate care and social skills in dealing with a variety of people.
Murga is a form of popular musical theatre performed in Argentina and in Uruguay during the Carnival season. Murga groups operate in Montevideo and at the Buenos Aires Carnival, though to a lesser extent than in Montevideo; the Argentine murga is more centred on dancing and less on vocals than the Uruguayan one. Uruguayan murga has a counterpart in Cadiz, Spain from which it is derived, the chirigota, but over time the two have diverged into distinct forms. The Murga is performed by a group of a maximum of 17 people, usually men. In the months prior to Carnival, which takes place from late January to early March in Uruguay, each group will prepare a musical play consisting of a suite of songs and recitative lasting around 45 minutes. This suite will be performed on popular stages in the various neighbourhoods, known as tablados, throughout the Carnival period. Groups also vie against one another in a prestigious official competition. Lyrical content is based on a particular theme, chosen by the group, which serves to provide commentary on events in Uruguay or elsewhere over the preceding year. Consequently, murga lends itself well to being used as a form of popular resistance. For example, during the dictatorship in Uruguay in the 1970s, groups like Araca La Cana became known for their left-wing tendencies, subversive commentary and oppositional stance.
Omega Centauri or NGC 5139, is a globular cluster in the constellation of Centaurus, discovered by Edmond Halley in 1677 who listed it as a nebula. Omega Centauri had been listed in Ptolemy's catalog 2000 years ago as a star on the horse's back "Quae est in principio scapulae", though the name "Omega Centauri" is a later Bayer star designation, even though the object was later identified as a star cluster. Lacaille also included it in his catalog as a nebula, giving it the catalogue number L I.5. It was first recognized as a globular cluster by the James Dunlop in 1826. Orbiting the Milky Way, it is both the brightest and the largest known globular cluster associated with our galaxy. Of all the globular clusters in the Local Group of galaxies, only Mayall II in the Andromeda Galaxy is brighter and more massive. ω Centauri is so different from other galactic globular clusters that it is thought to be of different origin. It is located about 15,800 light-years from Earth and contains several million Population II stars. The stars in its center are so crowded that they are estimated to average only 0.1 light years away from each other. It is about 12 billion years old.
Orientalist and Biblical scholar, born in Brittany, son of a sailor, who, dying, left him to the care of his mother and sister, to both of whom he was warmly attached; destined for the Church, he entered the seminary of St. Sulpice, where his studies threw him out of the relation with the Church and obliged him to abandon all thoughts of the clerical profession; accomplished in Hebrew, he was appointed professor of that language in the College of France in 1861, though not installed till 1870, and made a member of the French Academy in 1878; having distinguished himself by his studies in the Semitic languages, and in a succession of essays on various subjects of high literary merit, he in 1863 achieved a European reputation by the publication of his "Vie de Jésus," the first of a series bearing upon the origin of Christianity and the agencies that contributed to its rise and development; he wrote other works bearing more immediately on modern life and its destiny, but it is in connection with his views of Christ and Christianity that his name will be remembered; he entertained at last an overweening faith in science and scientific experts, and looked to the latter as the elect of the earth for the redemption of humanity (1823-1893).
— The Nuttall Encyclopedia
the "Grand Monarque," son of the preceding, was only nine when his father died, and the government was in the hands of his mother, Anne of Austria, and Cardinal Mazarin, her minister; under the regency the glory of France was maintained in the field, but her internal peace was disturbed by the insubordination of the parlement and the troubles of the Fronde; by a compact on the part of Mazarin with Spain before he died Louis was married to the Infanta Maria Theresa in 1659, and in 1660 he announced his intention to rule the kingdom alone, which he did for 54 years with a decision and energy no one gave him credit for, in fulfilment of his famous protestation L'état, c'est moi, choosing Colbert to control finance, Louvois to reorganise the army, and Vauban to fortify the frontier towns; he sought to be as absolute in his foreign relations as in his internal administration, and hence the long succession of wars which, while they brought glory to France, ended in exhausting her; at home he suffered no one in religious matters to think otherwise than himself; he revoked the Edict of Nantes, sanctioned the dragonnades in the Cévennes, and to extirpate heresy encouraged every form of cruelty; yet when we look at the men who adorned it, the reign of Louis XIV. was one of the most illustrious in letters and the arts in the history of France: Corneille, Racine, and Molière eminent in the drama, La Fontaine and Boileau in poetry, Bossuet in oratory, Bruyère and Rochefoucauld in morals, Pascal in philosophy, Saint-Simon and Retz in history, and Poussin, Lorraine, Lebrun, Perault, &c., in art (1636-1715).
— The Nuttall Encyclopedia
Stage diving is the act of leaping from a concert stage onto the crowd below. It is often the precursor to crowd surfing. Initially seen as confrontational and extreme, stage diving has become common at hardcore punk and thrash metal performances. Many musicians have made stage diving a part of their stage act. Iggy Pop is often credited with popularising stage diving in popular rock music. Jim Morrison was another early performer known for having jumped into the crowd at several concerts. Stage diving can cause serious injuries. One example is when Peter Gabriel of Genesis stage dived during the end of their song "The Knife", landing on his foot, thus breaking his ankle. On 20 August 2010, Charles Haddon, the lead singer of English synthpop band Ou Est Le Swimming Pool, died after a performance at Pukkelpop, Belgium. He committed suicide by jumping from a telecommunications mast in the backstage artists' parking area. Haddon was reported to have been distressed after he feared he had seriously injured a young girl earlier after a stagedive. In 2012, singer Randy Blythe of American heavy metal band Lamb of God was indicted on charges of manslaughter relating to the death of a fan in the Czech Republic after the fan was injured after being pushed off the stage.
Hypallage is a literary device that is the reversal of the syntactic relation of two words. One kind of hypallage, also known as a transferred epithet, is the trope or rhetorical device in which a modifier, usually an adjective, is applied to the "wrong" word in the sentence. The word whose modifier is thus displaced can either be actually present in the sentence, or it can be implied logically. The effect often stresses the emotions or feelings of the individual by expanding them on to the environment. For example: ⁕"On the idle hill of summer/Sleepy with the flow of streams/Far I hear..." — idle hill... sleepy is a hypallage: it is the narrator, not the hill, who exhibits these features. ⁕"Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time" — Wilfred Owen, "Dulce et Decorum est" ⁕"restless night" — The night was not restless, but the person who was awake through it was. ⁕"happy morning" — Mornings have no feelings, but the people who are awake through them do. Hypallage is often used strikingly in Ancient Greek and Latin poetry. We find such examples of transferred epithets as "the winged sound of whirling", meaning "the sound of whirling wings", and Horace's "angry crowns of kings". Virgil was given to hypallage beyond the transferred epithet, as "give the winds to the fleets", meaning "give the fleets to the winds."
A memorandum was from the Latin verbal phrase memorandum est, the gerundive form of the verb memoro, "to mention, call to mind, recount, relate", which means "It must be remembered...". It is therefore a note, document or other communication that helps the memory by recording events or observations on a topic, such as may be used in a business office. The plural form of the Latin noun memorandum so derived is properly memoranda, but if the word is deemed to have become a word of the English language, the plural memorandums, abbreviated to memos, may be used. A memorandum may have any format, or it may have a format specific to an office or institution. In law specifically, a memorandum is a record of the terms of a transaction or contract, such as a policy memo, memorandum of understanding, memorandum of agreement, or memorandum of association. Alternative formats include memos, briefing notes, reports, letters or binders. They could be one page long or many. If the user is a cabinet minister or a senior executive, the format might be rigidly defined and limited to one or two pages. If the user is a colleague, the format is usually much more flexible. At its most basic level, a memorandum can be a handwritten note to one's supervisor. In business, a memo is typically used by firms for internal communication, as opposed to letters which are typically for external communication.
Remus is the inner and smaller moon of the main-belt asteroid 87 Sylvia. It follows an almost-circular close-to-equatorial orbit around the parent asteroid. In this respect it is similar to the other moon Romulus. Remus was discovered several years after Romulus on images taken starting on August 9, 2004, and announced on August 10, 2005. It was discovered by Franck Marchis of UC Berkeley, and Pascal Descamps, Daniel Hestroffer, and Jérôme Berthier of the Observatoire de Paris, France, using the Yepun telescope of the European Southern Observatory in Chile. Marchis, the project leader, was waiting for the completion of the image acquisition programme before starting to process the data. Just as he was set to go on vacation in March 2005, Descamps sent him a brief note entitled "87 Sylvia est triple ?" pointing out that he could see two moonlets on several images of Sylvia. The entire team then focused quickly on analysis of the data, wrote a paper, submitted an abstract to the August meeting in Rio de Janeiro and submitted a naming proposal to the IAU. Its full designation is Sylvia II Remus; before receiving its name, it was known as S/2004 1. The moon is named after Remus, twin of the mythological founder of Rome, one of the children of Rhea Silvia raised by a wolf.
Cestui que, also cestuy que, is a shortened version of cestui a que use le feoffment fuit fait, literally, "The person for whose use the feoffment was made." It is a Law French phrase of medieval English invention, which appears in the legal phrases cestui que trust, cestui que use, or cestui que vie. In contemporary English the phrase is also commonly pronounced "setty-kay" or "sesty-kay". According to Roebuck, Cestui que use is pronounced "setticky yuce". Cestui que use and cestui que trust are more or less interchangeable terms. In some medieval materials, the phrase is seen as cestui a que. The cestui que use is the person for whose benefit the trust is created. The cestui que trust is the person entitled to an equitable, as opposed to a legal, estate. Thus, if land is granted to the use of A in trust for B, B is cestui que trust, and A trustee, or use. The term, principally owing to its cumbersome nature, has been virtually superseded in modern law by that of "beneficiary", and general law of trusts. The cestui que use and trust were rooted in medieval law, and became a legal method to avoid the feudal incidents to an overlord, while leaving the land for the use of another, who owed nothing to the lord. The law of cestui que tended to defer jurisdiction to courts of equity as opposed to common law courts. The cestui que was often utilized by persons who might be absent from the kingdom for an extended time, and who held tenancy to the land, and owed feudal incidents to a lord. The land could be left for the use of a third party, who did not owe the incidents to the lord.
the assumed name of Aurore Dupin, notable French novelist, born in Paris; married Baron Dudevant, a man of means, but with no literary sympathies; became the mother of two children, and after nine years effected a separation from him (1831) and went to Paris to push her way in literature, and involved herself in some unhappy liaisons, notably with Alfred de Musset (q. v.) and Chopin; after 1848 she experienced a sharp revulsion from this Bohemian life, and her last twenty-five years were spent in the quiet "Châtelaine of Nohant" (inherited) in never-ceasing literary activity, and in entertaining the many eminent littérateurs of all countries who visited her; her voluminous works reflect the strange shifts of her life; "Indiana," "Lélia," and other novels reveal the tumult and revolt that mark her early years in Paris; "Consuelo," "Spiridion," &c., show her engaged with political, philosophical, and religious speculation; "Elle et Lui" and "Lucrezia Floriani" are the outcome of her relations with Musset and Chopin; the calm of her later years is reflected in "La Petite Fadette," "François le Champi," and other charming studies of rustic life; her "Histoire de ma Vie" and posthumous letters also deserve notice; her work is characterised by a richly flowing style, an exuberant imagination, and is throughout full of true colour and vivid emotion (1804-1876).
— The Nuttall Encyclopedia
In common law and statutory law, a life estate is the ownership of land for the duration of a person's life. In legal terms it is an estate in real property that ends at death when there is a "reversion" to the original owner. The owner of a life estate is called a "life tenant". Although the ownership of a life estate is of limited duration because it ends at the death of the person who is the "measuring life", the owner has the right to enjoy the benefits of ownership of the property, including income derived from rent or other uses of the property, during his or her possession. Because a life estate ceases to exist at the death of the measuring person's life, this temporary ownership agreement cannot be left to heirs or devisees, and the life estate cannot normally be inherited. At death, the property involved in a life estate typically falls into the ownership of the remainderman named in the life estate agreement. A land owner of an estate cannot give a "greater interest" in the estate than he or she owns. That is, a life estate owner cannot give complete and indefinite ownership to another person because the life tenant's ownership in the property ends when the person who is the measuring life dies. For instance, if Bob conveyed to Ashley for the life of Ashley, and Ashley conveys a life estate to another person, Brenda, for Brenda's life [an embedded life estate], then Brenda's life estate interest would last only until whoever dies first, Brenda or Ashley. Then Brenda's interest conveys to the remainder interest or reverts to the original grantee. Once Ashley dies, however, whoever possesses the land loses it. This is a life estate pur autre vie, or the life of another. Such a life estate can also be conveyed originally, such as "to A until B dies".
Cape Wrath is a British drama television series produced by Ecosse Films which focuses on a family trying to escape its past while confronting an even more uncertain future. The series opens with Danny and Evelyn Brogan along with their two teenage children Zoe and Mark entering a witness protection programme, moving to a bucolic neighbourhood, Meadowlands, to begin a new life. Picturesque and crime-free, Meadowlands appears to be a suburban paradise where the Brogan family can start a new life. However they soon realise that it is not so easy to escape the past and their safe haven becomes a world of paranoia and psychological intrigue with surprises around every corner. The series is produced by Ecosse Films for Channel 4 in the UK and Showtime in the US, and premièred in the United States on 17 June 2007 at 22:00 EST, on Showtime. The United Kingdom première was on 10 July 2007 at 22:00 BST on Channel 4. Meadowlands itself is actually two locations: the titles, overhead "establishing shots" and the main characters homes were filmed at The Lakes, a new housing development next to Leybourne Lakes Country Park near New Hythe in Kent, south east England. Samantha Campbell's "headquarters" as well as the doctor's surgery were filmed in a warehouse close to Maidstone Studios., The post production was carried out in London at St Anne's post production house.
Marthe, histoire d'une fille was the first novel by the French writer Joris-Karl Huysmans, published in 1876. The book is autobiographical in inspiration and tells the story of the love affair between a young journalist called Léo and the heroine of the title, a would-be actress who works in a factory for artificial pearls as well as in a licensed brothel. The love affair breaks up and Marthe goes to live with the alcoholic actor-manager Ginginet. After his death, she is reduced to living on the streets. Huysmans was worried about the response to the book's controversial subject matter, since the author Jean Richepin had recently been imprisoned for a month and fined for writing a book on the theme of prostitution. In spite of this, Marthe is not pornographic. Huysmans intended its squalid realism as an attack on the overidealised view of Bohemian life in Paris he found in such Romantic writers as Henri Murger, whose famous Scènes de la vie bohème had appeared in 1848. Huysmans' style in Marthe owes a great deal to his literary hero at the time, Edmond de Goncourt. To avoid prosecution, Huysmans travelled to Brussels to have Marthe issued by the Belgian publisher Jean Gay, who had considerable experience smuggling contraband books across the French border. The novel appeared for sale in Belgium on October 1, 1876. Huysmans decided against smuggling it into France but when he attempted to take 400 copies through French customs, all but a handful were impounded. Huysmans decided to send some of the few remaining copies to leading figures of the literary scene in Paris. Edmond de Goncourt offered qualified praise but Émile Zola was most enthusiastic. Zola, the head of the new Naturalist school of French fiction, soon became a friend and mentor to the young Huysmans, whose association with the Naturalist group would last until his most famous novel, A rebours, took Huysmans' writing in a completely different direction.
The Essex Junto was a powerful group of New England Federalist Party lawyers, merchants, and politicians, so named because many of the original group were from Essex County, Massachusetts. The term was coined by John Hancock in 1778 to describe the main opponents of a proposed constitution for the state of Massachusetts. The proposed constitution was rejected by the people; the state adopted its constitution in 1780. John Adams is also frequently credited with disseminating the name. Over the following years the group expanded to include politicians from other New England states who were opposed to Democratic-Republican Party policies that dominated national politics. They supported Alexander Hamilton and the Massachusetts radicals. When Hamilton was offered a place in the plot to secede New England from the Union, he denied the offer. Consequently, the Essex Junto tried to vie support from Aaron Burr, who accepted the offer from the Junto. The first attempt to break off New England from the Union failed since it was unable to gain support from the major power brokers in the state of New York. After Hamilton's death, they became even more extreme. During the War of 1812, they were called "Blue Lights" because of the common belief and reports from the United States Navy that they would shine blue lights to alert the British blockading ships of escaping American ships, or to alert British ships to come ashore and carry out illegal trade. They supported the Hartford Convention's disaffection with the War of 1812 and proposed secession of New England. Some members of the Essex Junto were Timothy Pickering, George Cabot, Fisher Ames, Francis Dana, Nathan Dane, Benjamin Goodhue, Stephen Higginson, Jonathon Jackson, John Lowell, Israel Thorndike, Nathaniel Tracy, and Theophilus Parsons.
BaubleBar is a one-stop retailer for affordable fashion jewelry with aspirational and accessible luxury looks fit for any occasion. BaubleBar has been curated by data collected from a series of online and offline tests to showcase an array of the most in-demand styles, original editorial content and personalized customer attention from BaubleBar's customer experience team. With a dedicated in-house editorial and merchandising team, BaubleBar is a true trend maker, delivering on the latest runway looks and forecasting trends based on real-time analytics about customer shopping behavior. BaubleBar was founded by Amy Jain and Daniella Yacobovsky in 2011 and is funded by such investors as Accel Partners and Greycroft Partners. The company is headquartered in New York, NY. WE’RE SERIOUSLY INTO STYLING: We debut new shoppable trends every Monday at 11am EST, featuring the latest have-to-have styles. Handpicked by our Fashion Team, each Trend Collection comes complete with styling tips to help you get the look.WE KEEP IT FRESH: We introduce new products to the site five days a week, so you’ll always find something new to discover. Facebook Fans get in on the action with our Newbie Knockout every Tuesday, where they pick their favorite new arrival to unlock a special treat.WE MAKE IT FUN: Every Friday and every Monday is a treasure hunt to find a secret bauble our team has secretly marked down to $10 and $20, respectively. Check your email for clues to help you spot the Buried Bauble.WE LOVE GREAT DESIGN: Every Thursday we highlight our favorite Designers by showcasing their signature pieces and the inspiration behind them. Even better, each Designer purchase comes complete with a free gift selected by the designer!WE COLLABORATE: Occasionally, we partner with major brands for limited-time and limited-piece collections, created exclusively with you, our customer, in mind.WE'RE SOCIAL: We love to keep in touch on Facebook and Twitter - and our Blog is the place to hear about special promos, unlock treats, and stay ahead of all things BaubleBar. We especially love when you #showusyoursparkle
Muscadet is a white French wine. It is made at the western end of the Loire Valley, near the city of Nantes in the Pays de la Loire region neighboring the Brittany Region. More Muscadet is produced than any other Loire wine. It is made from the Melon de Bourgogne grape, often referred to simply as melon. As a rule in France, Appellation d'origine contrôlée wines are named either after their growing region or after their variety. The name 'Muscadet' is therefore an exception. The name seems to refer to a characteristic of the wine produced by the melon grape variety: vin qui a un goût musqué - 'wine with a musk-like taste'. Though wine expert Tom Stevenson notes that Muscadet wines do not have much, if any, "muskiness" or Muscat-like flavors or aromas. The sole variety used to produce Muscadet, Melon de Bourgogne, was initially planted in the region sometime in or before the 17th century. It became dominant after a hard freeze in 1709 killed most of the region's vines. Dutch traders who were major actors in the local wine trade encouraged the planting of this variety and distilled much of the wine produced into eau de vie for sale in Northern Europe. The generic 'Muscadet' appellation, officially established in 1937, contains three regional sub-appellations: Muscadet-Sèvre et Maine, officially established in 1936, covering 20,305 acres with 21 villages in the Loire-Atlantique department and 2 in the Maine-et-Loire department. This appellation produces 80% of all Muscadets. Muscadet-Coteaux de la Loire, officially established in 1936, covering 467 acres with 24 villages spread across the Loire-Atlantique and Maine-et-Loire departments. Muscadet-Côtes de Grandlieu, officially established in 1994, benefits from the Grandlieu lake's microclimate. This sub appellation covers 717 hectares with 17 villages in the Loire-Atlantique department and 2 villages in the Vendée department.
|Fénélon, François de Salignac de la Mothe|
Fénélon, François de Salignac de la Mothe
a famous French prelate and writer, born in the Château de Fénélon, in the prov. of Périgord; at the age of 15 came to Paris, and, having already displayed a remarkable gift for preaching, entered the Plessis College, and four years later joined the Seminary of St. Sulpice, where he took holy orders in 1675; his directorship of a seminary for female converts to Catholicism brought him into prominence, and gave occasion to his well-known treatise "De l'Éducation des Filles"; in 1685, after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, he conducted a mission for the conversion of the Huguenots of Saintonge and Poitou, and four years later Louis XIV. appointed him tutor to his grandson, the Duke of Burgundy, an appointment which led to his writing his "Fables," "Dialogues of the Dead," and "History of the Ancient Philosophers"; in 1694 he became abbé of St. Valery, and in the following year archbishop of Cambrai; soon after this ensued his celebrated controversy with Bossuet (q. v.) regarding the doctrines of Quietism (q. v.), a dispute which brought him into disfavour with the king and provoked the Pope's condemnation of his "Explication des Maximes des Saints sur la Vie intérieure"; the surreptitious publication of his most famous work "Télémache," the MS. of which was stolen by his servant, accentuated the king's disfavour, who regarded it as a veiled attack on his court, and led to an order confining the author to his own diocese; the rest of his life was spent in the service of his people, to whom he endeared himself by his benevolence and the sweet piety of his nature; his works are extensive, and deal with subjects historical and literary, as well as philosophical and theological (1651-1715).
— The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a French man of letters, born at Bourg, in the department of Ain; was educated at Bourg and Lyons, went to Paris in 1820, and in 1823 produced a satire called "Les Tablettes du Juif-Errant," at which time he came under the influence of Herder (q. v.) and executed in French a translation of his "Philosophy of Humanity," prefaced with an introduction which procured him the friendship of Michelet, a friendship which lasted with life; appointed to a post in Greece, he collected materials for a work on Modern Greece, and this, the first fruit of his own view of things as a speculative Radical, he published in 1830; he now entered the service of the Revue des Deux Mondes, and in the pages of it his prose poem "Ahasuérus" appeared, which was afterwards published in a book form and soon found a place in the "Index Expurgatorius" of the Church; this was followed by other democratic poems, "Napoleon" in 1835 and "Prometheus" in 1838; from 1838 to 1842 he occupied the chair of Foreign Literature in Lyons, and passed from it to that of the Literature of Southern Europe in the College of France; here, along with Michelet, he commenced a vehement crusade against the clerical party, which was brought to a head by his attack on the Jesuits, and which led to his suspension from the duties of the chair in 1846; he distrusted Louis Napoleon, and was exiled in 1852, taking up his abode at Brussels, to return to Paris again only after the Emperor's fall; through all these troubles he was busy with his pen, in 1838 published his "Examen de la Vie de Jésus," his "Du Genie des Religions," "La Révolution Religieuse au xixe Siècle," and other works; he was a disciple of Herder to the last; he believed in humanity, and religion as the soul of it (1803-1875).
— The Nuttall Encyclopedia
Cheering is the uttering or making of sounds encouraging, stimulating or exciting to action, indicating approval or acclaiming or welcoming persons, announcements of events and the like. The word cheer meant originally face, countenance, expression, and came through Old French into Middle English in the 13th century from Low Latin cara, head; this is generally referred to the Greek καρα;. Cara is used by the 6th-century poet Flavius Cresconius Corippus, Postquam venere verendam Caesilris ante caram. Cheer was at first qualified with epithets, both of joy and gladness and of sorrow; compare She thanked Dyomede for ale ... his gode chere with If they sing ... tis with so dull a cheere. An early transference in meaning was to hospitality or entertainment, and hence to food and drink, good cheer. The sense of a shout of encouragement or applause is a late use. Defoe speaks of it as a sailor's word, and the meaning does not appear in Johnson. Of the different words or rather sounds that are used in cheering, "hurrah", though now generally looked on as the typical British form of cheer, is found in various forms in German, Scandinavian, Russian, French. It is probably onomatopoeic in origin; From the Norse battle cry "Huer Av", meaning "Heads Off", but some connect it with such words as hurry, whirl ; the meaning would then be haste, to encourage speed or onset in battle. The English hurrah was preceded by huzza, stated to be a sailors word, and generally connected with heeze, to hoist, probably being one of the cries that sailors use when hauling or hoisting. The German hoch, seen in full in Hoch lebe der Kaiser, &c., the French vive, Italian and Spanish viva, evviva, are cries rather of acclamation than encouragement. The Japanese shout banzai became familiar during the Russo-Japanese War. In reports of parliamentary and other debates the insertion of cheers at any point in a speech indicates that approval was shown by members of the House by emphatic utterances of hear hear. Cheering may be tumultuous, or it may be conducted rhythmically by prearrangement, as in the case of the Hip-hip-hip by way of introduction to a simultaneous hurrah. The saying "hip hip hurrah" is alleged to have roots going back to the crusaders, then meaning "Jerusalem is lost to the infidel, and we are on our way to paradise. The abbreviation HEP would then stand for Hierosolyma est perdita, "Jerusalem is lost" in Latin.
RegulatoryBinder saves hospitals time and money spent on research documentation.RegulatoryBinder developed a non-beta, non-MVP, functioning product with multiple paying contracts. RegulatoryBinder is raising capital to generate more revenue faster.Clinical research is an essential driver of medicine, economic growth, and hope for the sick and ill. The Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative and Institute of Medicine, however, have recently said that clinical research is a “paper-based, slow, & costly” “burden” on hospitals already under increasing cost-constraints.The average physician spends approximately three weeks annually managing hundreds of printed pages of regulatory documentation stored in three-ring regulatory binders. Each physician recreates their own documents as there is no standard on how to keep regulatory documentation. Physicians are using post-its, fax, and mail to communicate. This represents a $50B documentation opportunity cost, that if used to perform procedures, would roughly double the total hospital net income. RegulatoryBinder has developed a novel SaaS solution that enables staff to reduce the time spent on research documentation by 33%, resulting $15B in potential annual savings. Only RegulatoryBinder is designed for hospital regulatory binders - not industry. Only RegulatoryBinder bundles compliance services to ensure that users’ online binders are compliant with FDA eRecord regulations from their very first login. Existing software can take $3-5M and over 1 year to customize, validate, and implement.RegulatoryBinder is collaborating with academic leaders to simultaneously release the first open hospital standard on how to store a regulatory binder. Academic leaders have already presented on this concept nationally to great reception.This solution will enable hospital sites to store regulatory documentation 33% more efficiently (est. from current users) and increase their funding from differentiating the quality of their site. Not all studies are required to submit to the FDA, but the initial studies in our system that do, have met FDA electronic (i.e. eCopy) requirements. RegulatoryBinder’s target market is the 350 US academic hospitals, representing a $1B market, based on our existing $3-5k annual user subscription fees (assumes 1,000 users per hospital, estimated from current customers). A larger market exists in US urban hospitals as well as the research sites of industry and contract research organizations (CRO) globally.RegulatoryBinder’s target clients are hospital clinical research offices that consist of a core group of 5-20 clinical research staff end-users whose primary job is to manage regulatory binders. RegulatoryBinder has been reaching Midwest offices directly through customer referrals, conferences, and cold-calls/emails. RegulatoryBinder is targeting a national audience through academic publication of non-proprietary aspects of our regulatory binder standard. RegulatoryBinder will also release a limited number and duration of public, hospital-regulated, basic user promotional subscriptions to drive interest. A similar software, REDCap, has reached 800 research centers in just 4 years. By continuing to provide value, we will then convert these centers into much larger enterprise hospital clients, to increase revenue and profitability. RegulatoryBinder has a strong team led by a serial entrepreneur and developing eRecord regulation expert, currently on sabbatical from a dual MD and PhD program for clinical research to pursue this full-time. RegulatoryBinder has minority founders and an advisory board with extensive experience in starting, growing, and exiting early-stage startups, particularly in healthcare IT subject to 21 CFR Part 11 regulations.