Definitions for listeriosislɪˌstɪər iˈoʊ sɪs; ˌlɪs təˈri ə-
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word listeriosis
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
lis•te•ri•o•sis*lɪˌstɪər iˈoʊ sɪs; ˌlɪs təˈri ə-(n.)(pl.)-ses
an infectious disease of animals and birds, esp. attacking the brainstem in ruminants, caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes and transmissible to humans by contact with contaminated tissue.
Category: Veterinary Science, Pathology
Origin of listeriosis:
1940–45; < NL Listeri(a) (after J. Lister ; see -ia ) + -osis
listeriosis, listeria meningitis(noun)
an infectious disease of animals and humans (especially newborn or immunosuppressed persons) caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes; in sheep and cattle the infection frequently involves the central nervous system and causes various neurological symptoms
An infectious disease of humans and animals caused by the bacteria Listeria monocytogenes and Listeria ivanovii, often through contaminated food.
Listeriosis is a bacterial infection caused by a Gram-positive, motile bacterium, Listeria monocytogenes. Listeriosis occurs primarily in newborn infants, elderly patients, and patients who are immunocompromised. Listeriosis kills at least 1 in 5 persons it infects. Its wide range of temperature tolerance necessitates extra care in food processing and storage. Meat and dairy products must be handled carefully to prevent contamination and growth of the pathogen. Vegetables and fruit that have contacted the soil must be carefully washed before refrigeration. The symptoms of listeriosis usually last 7–10 days, with the most common symptoms being fever, muscle aches, and vomiting. Diarrhea is another, but less common symptom. If the infection spreads to the nervous system it can cause meningitis, an infection of the covering of the brain and spinal cord. Symptoms of meningitis are headache, stiff neck, confusion, loss of balance, and convulsions. Listeriosis has a low incidence in humans. However, pregnant women are much more likely than the rest of the population to contract it. Infected pregnant women may have only mild, flulike symptoms. However, infection in a pregnant woman can lead to early delivery, infection of the newborn, and death of the baby.
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