Definitions for yenikale

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The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Yenikale

    or Kertch, a strait 20 m. long, connecting the Sea of Azov with the Black Sea.


  1. Yeni-Kale

    Yeni-Kale is a fortress on the shore of Kerch Strait near the city of Kerch. Yeni-Kale was built by Ottoman Turks in 1699–1706 on the Kerch peninsula that belonged to the Crimean Khanate. The name Yenikale means New Fortress in Turkish. The fortress was built under the guidance of Goloppo, who was an Italian convert to Islam. Several French engineers also took part in the construction. Yeni-Kale was armed with powerful cannons and took an important strategical place on the coast of Kerch Strait. The fortress occupied area of 25,000 m² and had two powder-magazines, arsenal, water reservoir, living houses, bath-house and mosque. About 800 Turkish and 300 Crimean Tatar soldiers were garrisoned in Yeni-Kale. The weak spot of the fortress was a lack of drinking water in the area, so an underground water-pipe was made to bring water from a source located several kilometres away from the fortress. Yeni-Kale also served as a residence of the pasha. During the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774 the Russian Army invaded Crimea in the summer of 1771. Though reinforcements from the Ottoman Empire had arrived beforehand, the Turks decided to abandon Yeni-Kale.


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