Definitions for yellow dwarf

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  1. yellow dwarf(noun)

    any of several virus diseases of plants characterized by stunting and yellowing of the leaves

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  1. G-type main-sequence star

    A G-type main-sequence star, often called a yellow dwarf, or G dwarf star, is a main-sequence star of spectral type G. Such a star has about 0.8 to 1.2 solar masses and surface temperature of between 5,300 and 6,000 K. Like other main-sequence stars, a G-type main-sequence star is in the process of converting hydrogen to helium in its core by means of nuclear fusion. The Sun is the best known example of a G-type main-sequence star. Each second, it fuses approximately 600 million tons of hydrogen to helium, converting about 4 million tons of matter to energy. Besides the Sun, other well-known examples of G-type main-sequence stars include Alpha Centauri A, Tau Ceti, and 51 Pegasi. The term yellow dwarf is a misnomer, because G-type stars actually range in color from white, for more luminous types like the Sun, to only slightly yellow for the less luminous G-type main-sequence stars. The Sun is in fact white, but appears yellow through Earth's atmosphere due to Rayleigh scattering. In addition, although the term "dwarf" is used to contrast yellow main-sequence stars from giant stars, yellow dwarfs like the Sun outshine 90% of the stars in the Milky Way.

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