Definitions for xinjiang
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word xinjiang
Xinjiang, Sinkiang, Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region(noun)
an autonomous province in far northwestern China on the border with Mongolia and Kazakhstan; the largest province in the People's Republic of China and the homeland of the Uighur people
an autonomous region (Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region) of the People's Republic of China.
Origin: From Chinese 新 (xīn) - new, 疆 (jiāng) - territory, border, frontier "new territory", "new frontier".
Xinjiang, officially Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China in the northwest of the country. It is the largest Chinese administrative division and spans over 1.6 million km². Xinjiang borders Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. It has abundant oil reserves and is China's largest natural gas-producing region. It is home to a number of ethnic groups including the Uyghur, Han, Kazakh, Tajiks, Hui, Kyrgyz, and Mongol, with a majority of the population adhering to Islam. More than a dozen autonomous prefectures and counties for minorities are in Xinjiang. Older English-language reference works often refer to the area as Chinese Turkestan. Xinjiang is divided into the Dzungarian Basin in the north and the Tarim Basin in the south by a mountain range. Only about 4.3% of Xinjiang's land area is fit for human habitation. With a documented history of at least 2,500 years, a succession of peoples and empires has vied for control over all or parts of this territory. Before the 21st century, all or part of the region has been ruled, controlled, influenced by the Tocharians, Yuezhi, Xiongnu Empire, Kushan Empire, Han Empire, Former Liang, Former Qin, Later Liang, Western Liáng, Xianbei state, Rouran Khaganate, Tang Dynasty, Uyghur Khaganate, Kara-Khitan Khanate, Mongol Empire, Yuan Dynasty, Northern Yuan, Dzungar Khanate, Qing Dynasty, the Republic of China and, since 1950, the People's Republic of China.
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