Definitions for xanaduˈzæn əˌdu, -ˌdyu
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
Xan•a•duˈzæn əˌdu, -ˌdyu(n.)(pl.)-dus.
a place of great beauty, luxury, and contentment.
Category: Common Vocabulary
Origin of Xanadu:
S. T. Coleridge's modification, in the poem “Kubla Khan” (1797), of Xandu (17th-cent. sp.), modern Shangtu, the site of Kublai Khan's summer residence in SE Mongolia
The summer capital of Kublai Khan's empire
Origin: From 上都 (Shàngdū).
Shangdu, also known as Xanadu, was the capital of Kublai Khan's Yuan Dynasty in China, before he decided to move the seat of his dynasty to the Jin Dynasty capital of Zhōngdū, which he renamed Dàdū, present-day Beijing. It then became his summer capital. Xanadu was visited by the Venetian traveller Marco Polo in about 1275, and in 1797 inspired the famous poem Kubla Khan by the English Romantic poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
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