Definitions for voluntaryˈvɒl ənˌtɛr i
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word voluntary
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
vol•un•tar•y*ˈvɒl ənˌtɛr i(adj.; n.)(pl.)-tar•ies.
(adj.)done, made, brought about, or undertaken of one's own accord or by free choice:
a voluntary contribution.
of, pertaining to, or acting in accord with the will.
of, pertaining to, or depending on voluntary action:
done by or composed of volunteers.
Law. acting or done without compulsion or obligation. done by intention, and not by accident: made without valuable consideration:
a voluntary settlement.
subject to or controlled by the will.
having the power of willing or choosing:
a voluntary agent.
proceeding from a natural impulse; spontaneous.
(n.)someone or something voluntary.
a piece of music performed as a prelude to a larger work, esp. an organ piece performed before, during, or after a church service.
Category: Music and Dance
* Syn: See deliberate.
Origin of voluntary:
1350–1400; < L voluntārius, der. of volunt(ās) willingness, inclination, der. of velle to want, wish; see will1, -ent )
volunteer, military volunteer, voluntary(noun)
(military) a person who freely enlists for service
composition (often improvised) for a solo instrument (especially solo organ) and not a regular part of a religious service or musical performance
of your own free will or design; done by choice; not forced or compelled
"man is a voluntary agent"; "participation was voluntary"; "voluntary manslaughter"; "voluntary generosity in times of disaster"; "voluntary social workers"; "a voluntary confession"
controlled by individual volition
"voluntary motions"; "voluntary muscles"
Kernerman English Learner's Dictionary
voluntary(adjective)ˈvɒl ənˌtɛr i
≠ obligatory, mandatory
voluntaryˈvɒl ənˌtɛr i
(of work) done without payment
voluntary work; He voluntarily answered the officer's questions.
A short piece of music, often having improvisation, played on a solo instrument
Done, given, or acting of one's own free will.
Working or done without payment.
Origin: From *, from volontaire, from voluntarius, from voluntas, from volens, present participle of velle.
proceeding from the will; produced in or by an act of choice
unconstrained by the interference of another; unimpelled by the influence of another; not prompted or persuaded by another; done of his or its own accord; spontaneous; acting of one's self, or of itself; free
done by design or intention; intentional; purposed; intended; not accidental; as, if a man kills another by lopping a tree, it is not voluntary manslaughter
of or pertaining to the will; subject to, or regulated by, the will; as, the voluntary motions of an animal, such as the movements of the leg or arm (in distinction from involuntary motions, such as the movements of the heart); the voluntary muscle fibers, which are the agents in voluntary motion
endowed with the power of willing; as, man is a voluntary agent
free; without compulsion; according to the will, consent, or agreement, of a party; without consideration; gratuitous; without valuable consideration
of or pertaining to voluntaryism; as, a voluntary church, in distinction from an established or state church
one who engages in any affair of his own free will; a volunteer
a piece played by a musician, often extemporarily, according to his fancy; specifically, an organ solo played before, during, or after divine service
one who advocates voluntaryism
In music a voluntary is a piece of music, usually for organ, that is played as part of a church service. In English-speaking countries, the music played before and after the service is often called a 'voluntary', whether or not it is titled so. The title 'voluntary' was often used by English composers during the late Renaissance, Baroque, and Classical periods. Originally, the term was used for a piece of organ music that was free in style, and was meant to sound improvised. This probably grew out of the practice of church organists improvising after a service. Later, the voluntary began to develop into a more definite form, though it has never been strictly defined. During the late 17th century, a 'voluntary' was typically written in a fugal or imitative style, often with different sections. In the 18th century the form typically began with a slow movement and then a fugue. Two to four movements were common, with contrasting tempos. In the 18th century England, the word 'voluntary' and 'fuge' were interchangeable. These English style 'fuges' do not follow the strict theoretic form of German-style fugues. They are more related to the 'fugues' written by Italian composers of the time.
British National Corpus
Spoken Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'voluntary' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #2748
Written Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'voluntary' in Written Corpus Frequency: #1919
Rank popularity for the word 'voluntary' in Adjectives Frequency: #348
Translations for voluntary
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
done, given etc by choice, not by accident or because of being forced (often without pay)
Their action was completely voluntary; – nobody asked them to do that.
- voluntárioPortuguese (BR)
- εθελοντικός, εκούσιος, οικειοθελήςGreek
- अपनी ही इच्छा से किया हुआHindi
- dengan sukarelaIndonesian
- 자진하여 하는Korean
- frivillig; forsettlig, overlagt (drap)Norwegian
- ochotniczy, spontanicznyPolish
- gönüllü, istemliTurkish
- 自願的Chinese (Trad.)
- добровільний; добровольчийUkrainian
- tự nguyệnVietnamese
- 自愿的Chinese (Simp.)
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