volunteer, military volunteer, voluntary(noun)
(military) a person who freely enlists for service
composition (often improvised) for a solo instrument (especially solo organ) and not a regular part of a religious service or musical performance
of your own free will or design; done by choice; not forced or compelled
"man is a voluntary agent"; "participation was voluntary"; "voluntary manslaughter"; "voluntary generosity in times of disaster"; "voluntary social workers"; "a voluntary confession"
controlled by individual volition
"voluntary motions"; "voluntary muscles"
A short piece of music, often having improvisation, played on a solo instrument
Done, given, or acting of one's own free will.
Working or done without payment.
Origin: From *, from volontaire, from voluntarius, from voluntas, from volens, present participle of velle.
proceeding from the will; produced in or by an act of choice
unconstrained by the interference of another; unimpelled by the influence of another; not prompted or persuaded by another; done of his or its own accord; spontaneous; acting of one's self, or of itself; free
done by design or intention; intentional; purposed; intended; not accidental; as, if a man kills another by lopping a tree, it is not voluntary manslaughter
of or pertaining to the will; subject to, or regulated by, the will; as, the voluntary motions of an animal, such as the movements of the leg or arm (in distinction from involuntary motions, such as the movements of the heart); the voluntary muscle fibers, which are the agents in voluntary motion
endowed with the power of willing; as, man is a voluntary agent
free; without compulsion; according to the will, consent, or agreement, of a party; without consideration; gratuitous; without valuable consideration
of or pertaining to voluntaryism; as, a voluntary church, in distinction from an established or state church
one who engages in any affair of his own free will; a volunteer
a piece played by a musician, often extemporarily, according to his fancy; specifically, an organ solo played before, during, or after divine service
one who advocates voluntaryism
In music a voluntary is a piece of music, usually for organ, that is played as part of a church service. In English-speaking countries, the music played before and after the service is often called a 'voluntary', whether or not it is titled so. The title 'voluntary' was often used by English composers during the late Renaissance, Baroque, and Classical periods. Originally, the term was used for a piece of organ music that was free in style, and was meant to sound improvised. This probably grew out of the practice of church organists improvising after a service. Later, the voluntary began to develop into a more definite form, though it has never been strictly defined. During the late 17th century, a 'voluntary' was typically written in a fugal or imitative style, often with different sections. In the 18th century the form typically began with a slow movement and then a fugue. Two to four movements were common, with contrasting tempos. In the 18th century England, the word 'voluntary' and 'fuge' were interchangeable. These English style 'fuges' do not follow the strict theoretic form of German-style fugues. They are more related to the 'fugues' written by Italian composers of the time.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
vol′un-ta-ri, adj. willing: acting by choice: free: proceeding from the will: subject to the will: done by design or without compulsion: of or pertaining to voluntaryism.—n. one who does anything of his own free-will: a piece of music played at will: an upholder of voluntaryism.—adv. Vol′untarily.—ns. Vol′untariness; Vol′untaryism, the system of maintaining the Church by voluntary offerings, instead of by the aid of the State, as alone consistent with true religious liberty, involving freedom from State support, patronage, or control; Vol′untaryist.—adj. Vol′untātive, voluntary.—Voluntary school, in England, one of a number of elementary schools supported by voluntary subscriptions, and in many cases controlled by religious bodies. [L. voluntarius—voluntas, choice—volo, velle, to will.]
British National Corpus
Spoken Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'voluntary' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #2748
Written Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'voluntary' in Written Corpus Frequency: #1919
Rank popularity for the word 'voluntary' in Adjectives Frequency: #348
The numerical value of voluntary in Chaldean Numerology is: 8
The numerical value of voluntary in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4
Images & Illustrations of voluntary
Translations for voluntary
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- voluntariCatalan, Valencian
- ehrenamtlich, freiwillig, ohne BezahlungGerman
- εθελοντικός, εθελούσιος, εκούσιος, προαιρετικόςGreek
- omaehtoinen, vapaaehtoinen, suunniteltu, talkoo-, tahdollinen, halukas, tahallinen, vapaa, vapaaehtois-Finnish
- volontaire, bénévoleFrench
- saor-thoileachScottish Gaelic
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