Definitions for vocative case
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word vocative case
vocative, vocative case(noun)
the case (in some inflected languages) used when the referent of the noun is being addressed
: case of address, case used for a noun identifying the person or thing being addressed. It corresponds to the archaic English particle "O" as used in solemn or poetic address: Hear me, O Albion! Languages that regularly employ the vocative include Arabic, Czech, Georgian, Greek, Hawaiian, Hindi, Irish, Latin, Lithuanian, Ojibwe, Polish, Romanian, Sanskrit, Serbo-Croatian, and Ukrainian .
The vocative case is the case used for a noun that identifies a person being addressed or, occasionally, the determiners of that noun. A vocative expression is an expression of direct address where the identity of the party spoken to is set forth expressly within a sentence. For example, in the sentence, "I don't know, John," John is a vocative expression that indicates the party being addressed—as opposed to the sentence, "I don't know John," where John is the direct object of the verb "know." Historically, the vocative case was an element of the Indo-European system of cases, and existed in Latin, Sanskrit, and Classical Greek. Many modern Indo-European languages have lost vocative case. Many, however, retain it, including: ⁕Modern Greek ⁕Albanian ⁕Baltic languages, such as ⁕Lithuanian ⁕Latvian, ⁕Slavic languages such as ⁕Polish ⁕Czech ⁕Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian ⁕Ukrainian ⁕Macedonian ⁕Bulgarian ⁕Modern Celtic languages such as ⁕Scottish Gaelic ⁕Irish ⁕Romance languages such as ⁕Romanian ⁕Catalan and Portuguese use the personal article, but drop it in front of vocative forms. In Extremaduran and Fala language, some post-tonical vowels open in vocative forms of nouns, but it is a new development that doesn't come from the Latin vocative case. It also occurs in some non-Indo-European languages, such as Georgian.
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"vocative case." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2014. Web. 1 Aug. 2014. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/vocative case>.