What does viol mean?

Definitions for violˈvaɪ əl

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word viol.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. viol(noun)

    any of a family of bowed stringed instruments that preceded the violin family


  1. viol(Noun)

    A viola da gamba, a family of musical instruments that preceded the violin and viola and similar string instruments

Webster Dictionary

  1. Viol(noun)

    a stringed musical instrument formerly in use, of the same form as the violin, but larger, and having six strings, to be struck with a bow, and the neck furnished with frets for stopping the strings

  2. Viol(noun)

    a large rope sometimes used in weighing anchor

  3. Origin: [F. viole; cf. Pr. viola, viula, Sp., Pg., & It. viola, LL. vitula; of uncertain origin; perhaps from L. vitulari to celebrate a festival, keep holiday, be joyful, perhaps originally, to sacrifice a calf (vitulus; cf. Veal). Cf. Fiddle, Vielle, 2d Viola, Violin.]


  1. Viol

    The viol or viola da gamba is any one of a family of bowed, fretted and stringed musical instruments developed in the mid-late 15th century and used primarily in the Renaissance and Baroque periods. Music historians have traditionally related the viol family as descended primarily from the Renaissance vihuela, a plucked instrument that preceded the guitar. Viols are different in several respects from instruments of the violin family, most obviously in the instruments' flat rather than shaped backs.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Viol

    vī′ol, n. a musical instrument which was the immediate precursor of the violin, having from three to six strings, and played by means of a bow.—ns. Viola (vē-ō′la, or vī′ō-la), a larger description of violin having four strings tuned in fifths, to which the part between the second violin and bass is generally assigned—also called Alto viola or Tenor violin; Vī′ol-block (naut.), a large single block big enough to reeve a small hawser; Vī′olist, a player on the viol or the viola.—Bass viol, a large medieval viol: the modern violoncello. [O. Fr. viole—Low L. vidula, from L. vitulāri, to skip like a calf, to make merry—L. vitulus, a calf.]

Suggested Resources

  1. VIOL

    What does VIOL stand for? -- Explore the various meanings for the VIOL acronym on the Abbreviations.com website.


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of viol in Chaldean Numerology is: 8

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of viol in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4

Images & Illustrations of viol

  1. violviolviol

Translations for viol

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