Definitions for vertebraˈvɜr tə brə; -ˌbri, -ˌbreɪ
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word vertebra
one of the bony segments of the spinal column
Any of the small bones which make up the backbone.
Origin: From vertebra, from vertere, "to turn". Having multiple vertebrae (plural of vertebra) in one's backbone instead of having a single bone or solid spine, allows for the movement of the body with bends and turns. Hence meaning 1.
one of the serial segments of the spinal column
one of the central ossicles in each joint of the arms of an ophiuran
Origin: [L. vertebra, fr. vertere to turn, change. See Verse.]
Each vertebra in a vertebrate’s spinal column is a complex structure composed of bone and some hyaline cartilage, which varies according to the area of backbone and species involved. There are several variations of the basic configuration of a vertebra. Vertebrates take their name from the presence of vertebrae in their vertebral column. A vertebra is classed as an irregular bone. The large part of the vertebra is called its body and the central part of this is called the centrum. The upper and lower surfaces of the body give attachment to the intervertebral discs. The posterior part of a vertebra forms a vertebral arch and this consists of two pedicles, two laminae and seven processes. The laminae give attachment to the ligamenta flava. There are vertebral notches formed from the shape of the pedicles, which form the intervertebral foramina when the vertebrae articulate. These foramina allow the entry and exit points for the spinal nerves. The body of the vertebra together with the vertebral arch forms the vertebral foramen, the larger central opening, which accommodates the spinal canal, that houses and protects the spinal cord.
Translations for vertebra
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- فقرة, فقارةArabic
- vèrtebraCatalan, Valencian
- Wirbel, WirbelknochenGerman
- cnàimh an droma, dromaltachScottish Gaelic
- 脊椎, 척추Korean
- wervel, ruggengraatswervel, rugwervelDutch
- íígháánNavajo, Navaho
- kralježak, kralješak, пршљен, краљешак, краљежак, pršljenSerbo-Croatian
- kota, ryggkotaSwedish
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