Definitions for vertebraˈvɜr tə brə; -ˌbri, -ˌbreɪ
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word vertebra
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
ver•te•braˈvɜr tə brə; -ˌbri, -ˌbreɪ(n.)(pl.)-brae; -bras.
any of the bones or segments of the spinal column, consisting in higher vertebrates of a cylindrical body with two projections, forming an arch surrounding the spinal cord.
Category: Anatomy, Zoology
Ref: See also diag. at spinal column. art
Origin of vertebra:
1570–80; < L: (spinal) joint =verte(re) to turn (see verse ) +-bra n. suffix
one of the bony segments of the spinal column
Any of the small bones which make up the backbone.
Origin: From vertebra, from vertere, "to turn". Having multiple vertebrae (plural of vertebra) in one's backbone instead of having a single bone or solid spine, allows for the movement of the body with bends and turns. Hence meaning 1.
one of the serial segments of the spinal column
one of the central ossicles in each joint of the arms of an ophiuran
Each vertebra in a vertebrate’s spinal column is a complex structure composed of bone and some hyaline cartilage, which varies according to the area of backbone and species involved. There are several variations of the basic configuration of a vertebra. Vertebrates take their name from the presence of vertebrae in their vertebral column. A vertebra is classed as an irregular bone. The large part of the vertebra is called its body and the central part of this is called the centrum. The upper and lower surfaces of the body give attachment to the intervertebral discs. The posterior part of a vertebra forms a vertebral arch and this consists of two pedicles, two laminae and seven processes. The laminae give attachment to the ligamenta flava. There are vertebral notches formed from the shape of the pedicles, which form the intervertebral foramina when the vertebrae articulate. These foramina allow the entry and exit points for the spinal nerves. The body of the vertebra together with the vertebral arch forms the vertebral foramen, the larger central opening, which accommodates the spinal canal, that houses and protects the spinal cord.
Translations for vertebra
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
any of the bones of the spine
She has a broken vertebra.
- гръбначен прешленBulgarian
- vértebraPortuguese (BR)
- der WirbelGerman
- रीढ़ की कोई हड्डी, कशेरूकाHindi
- tulang punggungIndonesian
- stuburo slankstelisLithuanian
- (mugurkaula) skriemelisLatvian
- vertebra; tulang belakangMalay
- 椎骨Chinese (Trad.)
- ريڑھ کي ہڈيUrdu
- xương sống, cột sốngVietnamese
- 椎骨Chinese (Simp.)
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