Definitions for vedantavɪˈdɑn tə, -ˈdæn-
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(from the Sanskrit for `end of the Veda') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints rooted in the Upanishads as opposed to Mimamsa which relies on the Vedas and Brahmanas
a system of philosophy among the Hindus, founded on scattered texts of the Vedas, and thence termed the "Anta," or end or substance
Origin: [Skr. Vdanta.]
Vedanta was originally a word used in Hindu philosophy as a synonym for that part of the Veda texts also known as the Upanishads. The name is a morphophonological form of Veda-anta = "Veda-end" = "the appendix to the Vedic hymns". It is also speculated that "Vedānta" means "the purpose or goal [end] of the Vedas". Vedanta can also be used as a noun to describe one who has mastered all four of the original Vedas. By the 8th century, the word came to be used to describe a group of philosophical traditions concerned with the self-realisation by which one understands the ultimate nature of reality. In this respect Vedānta is also called Uttarā Mīmāṃsā, or the 'latter enquiry' or 'higher enquiry', and is often paired with Purva Mīmāṃsā, the 'former enquiry'. Pūrva Mimamsa, usually simply called Mimamsa, deals with explanations of the fire-sacrifices of the Vedic mantras and Brahmanas, while Vedanta explicates the esoteric teachings of the Āraṇyakas, and the Upanishads, composed from the 9th century BCE until modern times. Vedanta is not restricted or confined to one book and there is no sole source for Vedāntic philosophy.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a system of Hindu speculation in interpretation of the Vedas, founded on the pre-supposition of the identity of the spiritual working at the heart of things and the spiritual working in the heart of man.
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